Aviation Archaeology in Greece Library

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Η βιβλιοθήκη του MAAG είναι πρότυπη στο είδος της, καλύπτοντας με το υλικό της θέματα που σχετίζονται με την αεροπορική ιστορία.

Η βιβλιοθήκη ανανεώνεται διαρκώς. Διαθέτει πάνω από 600 βιβλία που έχουν σχέση με την αεροπορική ιστορία, την κατασκευή και χαρακτηριστικά αεροσκαφών καθώς και μελέτες σχετικές με την πτητική ικανότητα των αεροσκαφών του 2ου Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου.  

Tην επιμέλεια της βιβλιοθήκης έχει ο Παναγιώτης Βλέτσας

Κατάλογοι ενδεικτικής βιβλιοθήκης

RAF - Force Bomber Units 1939-42

No1

Bristol Beaufighter

WarPaint

Supermarine Spitfire Mk.IX

Supermarine Spitfire

             

 

 

 

 

 

Martin Francis - The Flyer - British Culture and the Royal Air Force  1939-1945

No3

Aviation Archaeology in Greece Library

No2

Hurricane Over the Jungle - 120 Days Fighting the Japanese Onslaught in 1942

Hawker Hurricane

 

 

 

 

                 

 

 

Rolls-Royce Merlin

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Στις αρχές της δεκαετίας του 1930, η Rolls-Royce ξεκίνησε την υλοποίηση του προγράμματος που αφορούσε την ανάπτυξη αεροκινητήρων μιας και οι ανάγκες για έναν κινητήρα μεγαλύτερο από 21 λίτρων τους (1.296 cu in), Kestrel που είχε χρησιμοποιηθεί με μεγάλη επιτυχία συνεχώς αυξανόταν . Οι εργασίες βασίστηκαν στη δημιουργία κινητήρα 1100 hp (820 kW) γνωστός ως PV-12,  (12-κύλινδρο). Το PV-12 δοκιμάστηκε στις 15 Οκτωβρίου του 1933 ενώ πέταξε για πρώτη φορά προσαρμοσμένος σε ένα διπλάνο Hawker Hart στις 21 Φεβρουαρίου 1935.  Το Hawker Hart στη συνέχεια παραδόθηκε στη Rolls-Royce, όπου χρησιμοποιήθηκε ως πλατφόρμα δοκιμών των κινητήρων Merlin, ολοκληρώνοντας πάνω από 100 ώρες πτήσης με τις μηχανές Merlin C και Ε.

Aviation-Archaeology-Greece-ROLLS-ROYCE-MERLIN-60-AERO-ENGINE

Το 1935, το Βρετανικό Υπουργείο Αεροπορίας εξέδωσε προδιαγραφές για τα νέα μαχητικά αεροσκάφη με ελάχιστη ταχύτητα αέρα 310 mph (500 χλμ/ώρα).  Είδη είχαν αναπτυχθεί τα σχέδια Supermarine Spitfire και Hawker Hurricane.  Και οι δύο τύποι αεροσκαφών είχαν σχεδιαστεί πάνω στον κινητήρα  PV-12 και ήταν τα πιο σύγχρονα βρετανικά μαχητικά. Η παραγωγή για τα δύο αεροσκάφη ξεκίνησε το 1936, ενώ για την ανάπτυξη του PV-12 δόθηκε απόλυτη προτεραιότητα με τη χρηματοδότηση της κυβέρνησης.

Η Rolls-Royce ονόμασε τον κινητήρα Merlin, όνομα που προέρχεται από γεράκι το οποίο ζει στο Βόρειο Ημισφαίριο (Falco columbarius)

Ο Rolls-Royce Peregrine 700 hp (520 kW) και ο Rolls-Royce Vulture 1,700 hp (1,300 kW) 42-litre (2,560 cu in) που αναπτύχθηκε λίγο πριν από τον πόλεμο προστέθηκαν στην γκάμα της εταιρείας. Ο Rolls-Royce Vulture επρόκειτο να χρησιμοποιηθεί σε μεγαλύτερα αεροσκάφη, όπως το Avro Manchester.

Παρά το γεγονός ότι ο Rolls-Royce Peregrine φαινόταν να αποτελεί ένα ικανοποιητικό σχέδιο κινητήρα, δεν κατάφερε ποτέ πλησιάσει τις προσδοκίες των κατασκευαστών. Ως αποτέλεσμα, ο κινητήρας χρησιμοποιήθηκε μόνο σε δύο αεροσκάφη το μαχητικό Westland Whirlwind και σε ένα από τα πρωτότυπα Gloster F.9.  Ο Rolls-Royce Vulture είχε τοποθετηθεί στο βομβαρδιστικό Avro Manchester, αλλά αποδείχθηκε αναξιόπιστος στην υπηρεσία και η προγραμματισμένη χρήση στα Hawker Tornado ακυρώθηκε. Αποτέλεσμα η τροποποίηση του Merlin με ώθηση 1.500 hp (1.100 kW). Ο Rolls-Royce Peregrine και Rolls-Royce Vulture ακυρώθηκαν το 1943. Μέχρι τα μέσα του 1943 ο Merlin αντικαταστάθηκε σταδιακά από τον μεγαλύτερο Rolls-Royce Griffon. Ο Griffon ενσωμάτωσε πολλές σχεδιαστικές βελτιώσεις και τελικά αντικατέστησε τον Merlin.

rolls royce merlin-griffon brochure

 

rollsroyceengines1rollsroyceengines2 rollsroyceengines3 rollsroyceengines5 rollsroyceengines6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aero engines

The companys first aero engine was the Eaglebuilt from 1914Around half the aircraft engines used by the Allies inWorld War I were made by Rolls - RoyceBy the late 1920saero engines made up most of Rolls-Royces business.

Henry Royces last design was the Merlin aero enginewhich came out in 1935although he had died in 1933Thiswas developed after the R enginewhich had powered a record-breaking Supermarine S.6B seaplane to almost400 mph in the 1931 Schneider TrophyThe Merlin was a powerful V12 engine and was fitted into many World WarII aircraft: the British Hawker HurricaneSupermarine Spitfirede Havilland Mosquito (two engine), Avro Lancaster(four engine), Vickers Wellington (two engine); it also transformed the American P51 Mustang into possibly the bestfighter of its timeits Merlin engine built by Packard under licenceOver 160,000 Merlin engines were producedTheMerlin crossed over into military vehicle use as the Meteor powering the Centurion tank among others.

Rolls - Royce came into jet turbines through an exchange of assets with Rover and in the post World War II periodRolls Royce made significant advances in gas turbine engine design and manufactureThe “Dart” and “Tyneturboprop engines were particularly importantenabling airlines to cut times for shorter journeys whilst jet airlinerswere introduced on longer servicesThe Dart engine was used in ArgosyAvro 748FriendshipHerald andViscount aircraftwhilst the more powerful Tyne powered the AtlantiqueC-160 and Vanguardand the SR-N4hovercraftMany of these turboprops are still in service.

Amongst the jet engines of this period was the RB163 Speywhich powers the Hawker Siddeley TridentBAC One-ElevenGrumman Gulfstream II and Fokker F28.

During the late 1950s and 1960s there was a significant rationalisation of all aspects of British aerospace and thisincluded aero engine manufacturersculminating in the merger of Rolls - Royce and Bristol Siddeley in 1966 (BristolSiddeley had itself resulted from the merger of Armstrong Siddeley and Bristol in 1959). Bristol Siddeleywith itsprincipal factory at Filtonnear Bristolhad a strong base in military enginesincluding the OlympusViperPegasusand Orpheus

They also manufactured the Olympus 593 Mk610 for Concorde.

Model

  • Rolls-Royce Trent
  • Rolls-Royce AE 1107C-Liberty
  • Rolls-Royce AE 2100
  • Rolls-Royce AE 3007
  • Rolls-Royce BR700
  • Rolls-Royce BR701
  • Rolls-Royce BR710
  • Rolls-Royce BR715
  • Rolls-Royce RB.163
  • Rolls-Royce RB.168
  • Rolls-Royce RB.183 Tay
  • Rolls-Royce RB.203 (2nd use of Trent)
  • Rolls-Royce RB.207
  • Rolls-Royce RB.211
  • Rolls-Royce RB.213
  • Rolls-Royce RB.401
  • Rolls-Royce 250
  • Rolls-Royce 501
  • Rolls-Royce F113 (Spey Mk.511)
  • Rolls-Royce F126 (Tay Mk.611 / 661)
  • Rolls-Royce F137 (AE3007H)
  • Rolls-Royce F402 (Pegasus)
  • Rolls-Royce J99
  • Rolls-Royce XV99-RA-1
  • Rolls-Royce T56 (T501-D)
  • Rolls-Royce T68
  • Rolls-Royce T406

Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca

Source:Gunston

  • Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca Adour/F405
  • Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca RTM322

Rolls-Royce/SNECMA

  • Rolls-Royce/Snecma Olympus 593
  • Rolls-Royce/SNECMA M45H

 

 

Book1

 

VDM – Vereinigte Deutsche Metallwerke

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Aviation Archeology GreeceH VDM δημιουργήθηκε το 1930 μετά από την εξαγορά των εταιρειών Heddernheimer Kupferwerk και Süddeutsche Kabelwerk AG.

 

Τον Μάρτιο του 1934 η VDM μετέφερε την έδρα της  στην Φρανκφούρτη.  Στη διάρκεια του πολέμου ήταν βασικός προμηθευτής μεταλλικών προϊόντων της Wehrmacht. Το 1939 ο αριθμός εργαζομένων όπου απασχολούσε η VDM αυξήθηκε στους 21.000. Η αύξηση αυτή του εργατικού δυναμικού οφειλόταν στην παραγωγή ρυθμιζόμενου/μεταβλητού βήματος έλικας για τα αεροσκάφη της Luftwaffe.

VDM manual

Πίνακας VDM με αριθμό σειράς  (Gerat Nr) και τύπο αεροσκάφους

9-11 012.23 Ju86
9-11 012.24 Ju86
9-11 014.23 He111, Bf110
9-11 085.24
9-11 014.24 Do17
9-11 081.25 Do215, Ju88, Bf109E,F
9-11 081.26 He111, Ju88, Bf109E,F
9-11 212.21 D026
9-11 111.21 Do24, He115
9-11 256.20 Ju86p
9-11 256.22 Arado196, Bv222, Fw200

9-11 072A Bf 109B,C,D

9-12 159A  Bf 109G/K + GM1

 

 

VDM109 prop

                                                                                Bf 109E – VDM 9-11081 A με αυτόματο βήμα προπέλας VDM 9-11081 E χειροκίνητο βήμα προπέλας
 

Αρχείο παρουσίασης σε μορφή PDF

VDM Electric

 

Aviation Arcaeology Greece_VDM1

Bristol Aeroplane Company

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Η σημαντικότερη βρετανική εταιρεία κατασκευής αεροσκαφών και αεροπορικών κινητήρων. Η λίστα με τα αεροσκάφη κατασκευής περιλαμβάνουν: 

  •  149 Bolingbroke
  •  152 Beaufort
  •  156 Beaufighter
  • Type 159
  •  163 Buckingham
  •  164 Brigand
  •  166 Buckmaster

The Bristol Aeroplane Company, originally the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company, was both one of the first and one of the most important British aviation companies, designing and manufacturing both airframes and aero engines.

bristol lo

During the Second World War Bristol’s most important aircraft was the Beaufighter heavy two-seat multirole aircraft, a long-range fighter, night fighter, ground attack aircraft, and torpedo bomber. It was used extensively by the RAF and Commonwealth air forces and by the USAAF. The Beaufighter was derived from the Beauforttorpedo bomber, itself a derivative of the Blenheim.

In 1940 a shadow factory was set up at Weston-super-Mare for the production of Beaufighters. Also an underground factory was built by Alfred McAlpine at Hawthorn in 1940 to accommodate the company’s experimental department which was working on a new engine for bombers and Beaufighters.

Υπό κατασκευή

  1. Bristol Aquila
  2. Bristol Centaurus
  3. Bristol Cherub
  4. Bristol Draco
  5. Bristol Hercules
  6. Bristol Hydra
  7. Bristol Jupiter
  8. Bristol Lucifer
  9. Bristol Mercury
  10. Bristol Neptune
  11. Bristol Olympus
  12. Bristol Orion sleeve-valve
  13. Bristol Orion turbo-prop/shaft
  14. Bristol Orpheus
  15. Bristol Pegasus (radial engine)
  16. Bristol BE53 Pegasus (later, BS53 the Harrier engine)
  17. Bristol Perseus
  18. Bristol Phoenix diesel radial[15][16]
  19. Bristol Proteus
  20. Bristol Taurus
  21. Bristol Theseus
  22. Bristol Thor
  23. Bristol Titan

Αναφορές: wikipedia

Junkers Motorenwerke AG

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Greek flagΗ εταιρεία Junkers Flugzeug und Motorenwerke A.G ιδρύθηκε το 1895 από τον Hugo Junkers. Η σημαντικότερη ίσως γερμανική εταιρεία παραγωγής αεροσκαφών με καινοτόμες ιδέες για την εποχή της, δημιούργησε και ταυτόχρονα εξέλιξε τα πιο επιτυχημένα μεταλλικά αεροσκάφη της Luftwaffe.

junkers_logo


Η εταιρεία Junkers η οποία αρχικά κατασκεύαζε θερμοσίφωνες, ξεκίνησε την παραγωγή πολεμικών αεροσκαφών την δεκαετία του 1930. Ίσως το πιο γνωστό “μοντέλο” της εταιρίας να ήταν το Ju87, γνωστό σαν STUKA. Βομβαρδιστικό καθέτου εφορμήσεως, που υπήρξε από τα ισχυρότερα όπλα της Luftwaffe. Το σημαντικότερο και το πιο επιτυχημένο κατά πολλούς ήταν το Ju88. Ελαφρύ βομβαρδιστικό με πολλαπλούς ρόλους και φυσικά αρκετές εκδόσεις Ju 188, Ju 388, που καμία από αυτές δεν μπόρεσε να ξεπεράσει τις δυνατότητες και τελικά να αντικαταστήσει το αρχικό μοντέλο. H Junkers επίσης ήταν αυτή που κατασκεύαζε από το 1920 τους κινητήρες JUMO (Junkers Motoren). Ήταν η πρώτη Γερμανική εταιρεία που κατασκεύασε σύγχρονους κινητήρες κατάλληλους για αεροπορική χρήση.Ο πρώτος κινητήρας της Junkers ήταν ο JUMO 211. Μετά το τέλος του πολέμου η εταιρεία Junkers ενώθηκε με την εταιρεία Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (ΜΒΒ) όπου ασχολήθηκαν με την έρευνα σχετικά με το μέλλον της αεροδιαστημικής μεταφοράς.

 

 

 

 

enlish flagJunkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG (JFM), more commonly Junkers, was a major German aircraft manufacturer. It produced some of the world’s most innovative and best-known airplanes and aircraft engine over the course of its fifty-plus year history in Dessau, Germany. It was founded there in 1895 by Hugo Junkers, initially manufacturing boilers and radiators. During World War I, and following the war, the company became famous for its pioneering all-metal aircraft. During World War II the company produced some of the most successful Luftwaffe planes, as well as piston and jet aircraft engines. 

 

Jumo-210_ Aviation Archaeology in greece

 Jumo 210
 
 
 

Κινητήρες Jumo είχαν τοποθετηθεί στους παρακάτω τύπους αεροσκαφών:

The Jumo engines was installed to the following aircraft:

 
  • Jumo 205

Blohm & Voss BV 138, Ha 139, BV 222
Dornier Do 18, Do 26
Junkers Ju 86

  • Jumo 210

Arado Ar 68 - only in Ar 98E
Focke-Wulf Fw 159, Fw 187
Heinkel He 112
Junkers Ju 87 A
Messerschmitt Bf 109 - only in Bf 109 A-D
Messerschmitt Bf 110 - only in Bf 110 A/B
Messerschmitt Me 262

  • Jumo 211

Avia S-199
Focke-Wulf Ta 154
Heinkel He 111E, H and Z
IAR 79
Junkers Ju 87, Ju 88, Ju 90, Ju 252
Messerschmitt Me 264 (V1 prototype), Me 323
Messerschmitt Me 323

Model

 

  • Junkers L1
  • Junkers L2
  • Junkers L5
  • Junkers L55
  • Junkers L8
  • Junkers L88
  • Junkers Jumo 204
  • Junkers Jumo 205
  • Junkers Jumo 206
  • Junkers Jumo 207
  • Junkers Jumo 208
  • Junkers Jumo 210
  • Junkers Jumo 211
  • Junkers Jumo 213
  • Junkers Jumo 222
  • Junkers Jumo 223
  • Junkers Jumo 224
  • Junkers Jumo 109-004
  • Junkers Jumo 109-006 (Junkers/Heinkel 109-006)
  • Junkers Jumo 109-012
  • Junkers Jumo 109-022

 

Argus Motoren

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Greek flagArgus Motoren, γερμανική εταιρεία κατασκευής αεροπορικών κινητήρων. Ιδρύθηκε στο Βερολίνο το 1906. Πριν τον Πρώτο Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο η παραγωγή της εταιρείας βασιζόταν σε μηχανές σκαφών και αυτοκινήτων. Η Argus Motoren ξεκίνησε την παραγωγή και τον σχεδιασμό αεροπορικών κινητήρων το 1926.

ARGUS-Flugmotor

enlish flagArgus Motoren was German aircraft engine manufacturer founded in Berlin in 1906, Before and after WWI the company manufactured automobile engines and boat engines, In 1926 they resumed aircraft engine design and production.

Argus

 

Μηχανές αεροσκαφών κατασκευασμένες από την Argus Motoren καθώς και οι τύποι των αεροσκαφών που τοποθετήθηκαν:

 Aircraft engines built by Argus Motoren:

  • Argus As 8

Argus As 8A, 4 cylinder air cooled.

  • Argus As 10

Argus As 10, 8 cylinder air cooled 90º inverted Vee piston engine producing up to 240 hp
Horten Ho VII

Argus As 10C, 8 cylinder air cooled 90º inverted Vee piston engine producing up to 240 hp
Arado Ar 66, Ar 76, Ar 77 
Dornier Do 12
Fieseler Fi 156
Flettner Fl 339
Focke-Wulf Fw 56, Fw 186
Gotha Go 145, Go 149
Heinkel He 63, He 74
Henschel Hs 121, Hs 125
Messerschmitt Bf 108, Bf 163
Siebel Si 201

Argus As 10P ,8 cylinder air cooled 90º inverted Vee piston engine producing up to 236 hp
Klemm Kl 151
Messerschmitt Me 208

  • Argus As 17

Argus As 17A, 6 cylinder inverted inline engine producing up to 225 hp
Klemm Kl 36

  • Argus As 410

Argus As 410A-1, 12 cylinder inverted Vee air cooled engine producing up to 465 hp 
Arado Ar 96
Focke-Wulf Fw 189

Argus As 410C, 12 cylinder air cooled inverted Vee engine producing up to 450 hp
Arado Ar 199

  • Argus As 411

Argus As 411 A-1, 12 cylinder air cooled inverted Vee engine producing up to 592 hp
Siebel Si 204 

Argus As 411MA, 12 cylinder air cooled inverted Vee engine producing up to 592 hp
Arado Ar 396

  • Argus As 109-014

Argus As 109-014 pulse jet engine producing up to 300 kg of thrust 
V 1 Flying bomb Fieseler Fi 103
Messerschmitt Me 328

  • Argus As 109-044

Argus As 109-044 pulse jet producing up to 500 kg of thrust 
Junkers Ef 126

External links: www.wehrmacht-history.com

Aircraft Engine & propellers

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Τύποι και χαρακτηριστικά κινητήρων αεροσκαφών 2ου Π.Π.

 

GermanΚινητήρες αεροσκαφών γερμανικής κατασκευής

 

ARGUS-Flugmotor

Bayerische-Motorenwerke---jpg junkers_logo Daimler-Benz Aviation Archaeology Greece

 

 

 


enlish flagΚινητήρες αεροσκαφών αγγλικής κατασκευής

 

 

Bristol_ Aviation Greece

Rolls-royce-logo-2

 

 


American flagΚινητήρες αεροσκαφών αμερικάνικης κατασκευής

 

 

      Curtiss Wright_ Aviation Archaeology in Greece   Pratt & Whitney

 

 


 

 

Aircraft Propellers

 

Aviation Archeology Greece

 

 

 

Hamilton_Standard_Decal_Small

Terminology and Abbreviations

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Ορολογία – Συντομογραφίες Luftwaffe.

Το υλικό προέρχεται από την εργασία των Henry L. deZeng IV και Douglas G. Stankey

Terminology and Abbreviations

By: Henry L. deZeng IV and Douglas G. Stankey

Luftwaffe Officer Career Summaries

Terminology and Abbreviations

† -[died, including to non-combat causes].

Α

 

A./Flieger-Rgt.– Ausb./Fliegerregiment-[basic training component of a basic training regiment].

AA-[Anti-Air craft gun fire].

abkdrt -abkommandierte- [detached for temporary duty].

Abschied-[released or separated from active service (discharged)].

Abt. -Abteilung-[Detachment].

Abwicklungsstelle-[winding-up center-collecting points for unassigned personnel].

a.D.-ausserDienst-[out of service, i.e.: retired].

Adj. -Adjutant-[adjutant].

Annahmestelle-[collection point]. anwärter-[cadet].

AOK-Armeeoberkommando-[Army corp??].

appt-[appointed(ernannt)].

Artillerie-Schule-[artillery school].

Auffanglager-[processing center for unassigned personnel].

Auffangsstab-[collection staff].

Aufkl.Gr. -Aufklärungsgruppe-[reconnaissance group].

Ausb.-Ausbildung-[training].

Ausb.-u.Sammelbataillon– [training and recovery battalion;i.e., the recovering, assembling and retraining of dispersed person in a rear area following a rapid retreat].

Ausbaustab-[development staff].

Ausbildungsleiter-[training supervisor].

AW-Ausbildungswesens-[training matters].

AWA– Allgemeines Wehrmachtsamt– [General Office of the Armed Forces].

B

 

b.m.W.d.G.-beauftragt mit Wahrnehmung der Geschäfte-[detailed to deputize (for),or temporary, provisional, probationary commander].

Battr.- Batterie- [battery].

Beamte -[official].

BearbeiterfürMunitionsfragen-[specialist for munitions matters].

beauftragter-[commissioner].

Befh.-befehlshaber-[commander].

Bekleidungsamt-[clothingoffice].

Beobachter-[observer,navigator].

BeratenderFacharztfürNerven-u.Geisteskrankenheiten-[specialist medical advisor for neurosis and mental disorders].

Betr.-betriebs-[servicing].

Betriebs-[servicing].

BFS -Blindflugschule-[blind-flying school].

Bildoffz.- Bildoffizier- [photographic officer].

BMJ- BayerischerMilitär-Max-Joseph-Orden,verbundenmitdemPersönalichenAdels.-[a WWI era award].

Bordfl.- Bordflieger-[shipborne aircraft or flyers].

Bordfl.Gr.-[Shipborne flying group].

Brig.– Brigade.

Btl.- Bataillon- [battalion].

Bttr. - Batterie- [battery].

Bundeswehr-[post war federal military].

C

 

c.-circa-[about/approximately].

Ch.d.Genst.-ChefdesGeneralstabes-[chief of general staff].

char.-charakterisiert-[honorary].

Chef-Ingenieur-[engineer responding to Oberst (to early 1940)].

D

 

d.-der- ["the"or"ofthe"].

DAL -Dienstalterliste-[the effective date of promotion for seniority purposes].

Devisenstoffe– currency or similar valuables used as currency.

DFS-DeutschesForschungsinstitutfür Segelflugwesens-[German Research Institute for Glide-flight Matters].

Dipl.Ing.-Diplom-Ingenieur-[a degree graduate engineer].

  1. -Division- [division].

DKG-DeutschesKreuz inGold-[award:German Crossin Gold].

DKS-DeutschesKreuzin Silber-[award:German Crossin Silver].

DLH-Deutsche Lufthansa-[the national airline].

DLV-DeutscherLuftsportverband-[German airsport Association)].

DOB -[Dateof Birth].

d.R.-derReserve-[of the reserve].

Dt-Deutsche-[German].

Dulag– Durchgangslager– [transient camp for processing prisoners]

DVL -Deutsche VersuchanstaltfürLuftfahrt-[German Institute for Air Travel].

DVS-Deutschen VerkehrsfliegerschuleGmBH-[German pilot's school (late 1920s , early 1930s)].

Ε

 

e.h.- ehrenhalber-[honorary (doctorate)].

Eh.-Einsatzhafen-[operational airfield with limited services].

Ehrenpokal-[Honor goblet for special achievement in the air war].

Eis. -eisenbahn-["railroad"-i.e.:train hunting].

Erdkampfschule-[ground combat school].

Erg.-Ergänzung-[reserve/replacement/final training].

Erg.GruppeS-[replacement glider group].

Erg.JG-Ergänzungsjagdgeschwader-[replacement fighter trainin gwing].

Erg.JGr.-Ergänzungsjagdgruppe-[replacement fighter training group].

Erg.KGr.-Ergänzungskampfgeschwader-[replacement bomber group].

Erg.O.-Ergänzungsoffizier- [supplementary officers, usually WWI veterans recalled to service in non- combat tasks].

Erg.-Offizier-Ergänzungsoffizier-[seeErg.O. above].

Erp. -Erprobungs -[testing or trials].

Erprobungskdo.-Erprobungskommando-[a testing/trials unit].

Erprobungsstelle-[testing/trials station].

Ers.-Ersatz-[replacement].

Erziehungs-undBildungswesensd. Lw.-[Education and Training Matters of the Air Force].

E-Stelle-Erprobungsstelle-[experimenting and testing station].

F

 

(F)- (Fern) -[long rangerecon].

F.H.K.-Fliegerhorstkommandantur-[airfield commandoffice].

f.n. -[firstname].

FAG- Fernaufkärungsgeschwader-[long rangereconnnaissancewing].

FAGr. -Fernaufkärungsgruppe-[long rangereconnnaissancegroup].

Fahnenjunker-[officer candidate].

Fallschirmkampfbeobachter - [parachutist observer].

Fallschirmkorps - [parachute corps].

FAS - Flakartillerieschule – [anti-aircraft artillery school].

Feldausb.Btl.d.Lw. - [Field Training Battalion of the Air Force].

Feld-FAS - [ground combat anti-aircraft artillery school].

Feldluftmunitionslager - [ammunition depot].

Feldlufttanklager - [fuel depot].

Feldluftzeuggruppe – Field Air Equipment Group].

Feldwerftverband – [Field Workshop Unit]

Fernaufklδrerschule - [long range reconnnaissance school].

Fernschr. - Fernschreiber – [teletype].

Fernspr. - Fernsprecher – [telephone].

FFAS - Feldflakartillerieschule – [field anti-aircraft artillery school].

FFS - Flugzeugfuhrerschule – [pilot school].

FG - Fighter Group – [an American fighter group].

FhjOfw. - Fahnenjunker Oberfeldwebel – [an officer candidate of NCO rank].

Fhr.Res. - Fuhrerreserve – [a reserve pool of officers suitable for command positions].

Fl. - flieger – [flyer].

Flak - Flugzeug abwehr kanonen – [anti-aircraft guns].

Flakauswerte-Zug (mot.Z.) – [anti-aircraft artillery plotting platoon (motorized with semi-tracked tractors)].

Flaketat z.b.V. – [Flak (personnel) establishment for special purposes].

Flakgerδte - [anti-aircraft equipment].

Flakkorps - [anti-aircraft corps].

Flak-Rgt. - [anti-aircraft regiment].

Flakscheinwerfer - [anti-aircraft searchlights].

Flak-Sturm-Rgt. - [anti-aircraft assault regiment].

Fl.Ausb.Rgt. - Fliegerausbildungsregiment – [basic training regiment].

Fl.Ers.Btl. - Fliegerersatzbataillon – [replacement batallion].

Fl.H. - Fliegerhorst – [airfield].

Fl.H.Kdtr. - Fliegerhorst kommandantur – [Airbase command (the position, not the commander)].

Fl.Ob.Ing. - Fliegeroberstingenieur – [Engineer rank corresponding to an Oberst]

Fl.St.Ing. - Fliegerstabsingenieur – [Engineer's rank corresponding to a Maj.]

  1. ab.G. - Flugzeuguberfuhrungsgeschwader – [aircraft ferrying wing].

Fliegerfόhrer - [a staff controlling a small regional grouping of units].

Flieger-Generalstabsingenieur - [engineer's rank corresponding to a Gen.Lt.].

Flieger-Generalingenieur - [engineer's rank corresponding to a Gen.Maj.].

Flieger-Hauptingenieur - [engineer's rank corresponding to a Hptm.].

Flieger-Hauptstabs-Ingenieur - [engineer's rank corresponding to Oberst (to c. 1940)].

Flieger-Ingenieur - [engineer's rank corresponding to a Lt.].

Fliegerkorps - [a staff controlling a medium sized grouping of units].

Flieger-Oberingenieur - [engineer's rank corresponding to an Oblt.].

Flieger-Oberstabsingenieur - [engineer's rank corresponding to an Obstlt.].

Flieger-Oberstingenieur - [engineer's rank corresponding to an Oberst.].

Flieger-Rgt. - Flieger-Regiment – [air force regiment].

Fliegerschule - [air force school].

Flieger-Stabsingenieur - [engineer's rank corresponding to a Maj.].

Fliegertruppe - [flying personnel generally].

Flieger-άbungsstelle - [NSFK flight exercise stations - not of the Luftwaffe].

Fliegerverbindungsoffizier - [army-air force liaison officer].

Fliegerwaffenschule - [flight weapons school for installation and maintenance].

Flieger-Waffentechn.Schule - [flight weapons technical school].

Fliegerzielgeschwader - [target towing wing].

Fl.Pl.Kdo. - Flugplatzkommando – [airfield detachment].

Flugbereitschaft - [miscellaneous flying tasks unit].

Flugbetriebsstoff-Kol. - [aircraft fuel column].

Flugh. - Flughafen – [airfield].

Flughafenbereichs-Kdt. - Flughafenbereichs-Kommandant – [airfield area commander].

Flughafen-Bereichs-Kommando - [airfield area authority].

Flughafenschutz-Rgt. - Flughafenschutz-regiment – [airfield defense regiment].

Flugh.Betr.Kp. - Flughafenbetriebskompanie – [airfield servicing company].

Flugm. - Flugmelde –[aircraft reporting].

Flugm.-Mess-Abt. z.b.V. – Flugmeldemess-Abteilung – [aircraft-reporting radar detachment for special purposes].

Flugmelde-Einsatz - [aircraft reporting operations].

Flugzeugόberfόhrungsgeschwader - [aircraft ferrying wing].

Flum. - Flugmeldedienst

Flus.-Kp. – Flugsicherungs-Kompanie – [flight safety company].

Fp. - Flugplatz – [airfield].

Frontflieger-Sammelgruppe - [regional pool for unassigned officers].

Fsch. - Fallschirm – [paratroop]

Fsch.Jg.Rgt. - [parachute troop regiment].

Fsch.Pz.Gren.Div. - [Paratroop tank grenadier division].

Fόrsorgungsoffizier - [troop welfare officer].

G

 

G - Geschwader – [Wing, a unit of approximately 100 aircraft].

Gast - Gerateausgabestelle

gE – goldenes Eichenlaub zum Ritterkreuz des EK – [golden oak leaves to the Knight's Cross].

gem. -gemischt – [mixed equipment].

Gen.Lt. - Generalleutnant – [Lieutenant General].

Gen.Maj. - Generalmajor – [Major General].

Generalarzt - [a medical officer rank corresponding to a Gen.Maj.].

General-Ingenieur - [an engineer's rank corresponding to Gen.Maj.].

Genst. - Generalstab – [General staff].

Gerδteausgabestelle - [device output point??].

GFM - Generalfeldmarschall – [Fieldmarshall].

GK - Grosskreuz zum Ritterkreuz des Eisernkreuz – [Grand Cross of the Knight's Cross - i.e.: the highest grade of Knight's Cross].

GmbH - Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung – [company of limited liability].

Gr. - Gruppe – [i.e. a unit of approximately 30 a/c].

GRT – [gross registered tons (a gage of a cargo ship's capacity)].

Gruko - Gruppenkommandeur – [Group commander].

Gruppenleiter – [chief or head of a department].

GS - Grossraum-Segler – [high capacity glider].

H

 

(H) - (Heer) – [tactical recon].

H.Gr. – Heeresgruppe – [army group].

Hauptregistratur – [main registry or record-office].

Hauptstabsingenieur - [engineer's rank corresponding to Oberst (colonel) (to c.1940)].

HB - [Hungarian Golden Bravery Medallion].

Hiwi - hilfswilliger – [volunteer helper].

Hφh. – Hoherer – [higher].

Horchgerδte - [listening or intercept equipment or devices].

Hptm. – Hauptmann – [captain].

Hptm. beim Stab – [auxiliary staff officer in a lower level staff, usually a Gruppenstab]

I

 

i.G. - im Generalstab – [officer with general staff rating].

Ia – [staff operations officer responsible for deployment of offensive combat aircraft, reconnaissance aircraft and navigation].

Ia op 2 – [staff operations officer responsible for deployment of air defense forces].

Ia/Gas - [staff operations officer responsible for deployment of offensive and defensive gas warfare forces].

Ib – [quartiermeister or supply staff officer].

Ic – [staff officer responsible for intelligence matters].

IIa – [staff adjutant responsible for officer records and personnel matters].

In. – Inspektion – [inspection].

Ins. - Inspektor or Inspizient – [inspector or inspectorate].

Inspizient - [Inspectorate].

Instandsetzungs - [repair].

IVb - [staff physician].

J

 

Jafό- Jagdfliegerfuhrer – [regional fighter commander].

Jagdabschnittsfόhrer - [fighter sector commander].

Jagddivision - [Fighter Division].

Jagdfliegervorschule - [advanced fighter school].

Jδger-Rgt. – Jager-Regiment – [Jager regiment].

JFS – Jagdfliegerschule – [advanced fighter school].

JG - Jagdgeschwader – [fighter wing].

JV - Jagdverband – [a special fighter unit of "aces"].

K

 

KAA - Kraftfahrausbildungs-Abt – [vehicle training detachment]

Kavallerie - [cavalry].

Kdo. - Kommando – [a small odd size unit for limited purposes].

Kdo.d.Rόstungsbereich - [HQ of armament district ( In the context of procuring armaments from civilian

industry for the German war machine)].

Kdr. - Kommandeur – [commander].

Kdt. - Kommandant – [Commandant].

KFS - Kampffliegerschule – [bomber school].

Kfz. – Kraftfahrzeug – [a ground vehicle].

Kfz. Bestδndelager - [motor vehicle park].

KG - Kampfgeschwader – [bomber wing].

KG.z.b.V. - Kampfgeschwader zur besonderen Verwendung – [transport wing].

kgl. - konigliche – [royal].

KGr. - Kampfgruppe – [bomber group].

KGr.z.b.V. - Kampfgruppe zur besonderen Verwendung – [transport group].

KIA - [killed in action].

K.L.F. – Kriegslehrgangen fur Fuhrergehilfen – [War Courses for General Staff Assistants].

Koflug - Kommando Flughafenbereich – [airfield area command].

Kolonnen-Abt. - [columns detachment]. A detachment consisting of more than one supply column.

Koluft - Kommandeur der Luftwaffe – [officer in charge of air force liaison with the army within a given staff].

Komm. - Kommandierende – [commanding].

Kommodore - Commodore – [wing commander].

K.O.N. - Kriegsoffiziernachwuchs

Kraftfahrausbildungs-Abt. - [vehicle operation training detachment]. Provided driver’s training.

Kraftfahrkdo. – [motor transport detachment].

Kraftfahrtechnischen – [motor vehicle technical - used as an adjective].

Kriegsgefangene – [prisoner of war].

Kriegsmarine - [German navy during the Third Reich era].

Kr.O. - Kriegsoffizier – [non-officer given temporary officer rank early in the war].

Kό.Fl.Gr. - Kustenfliegergruppe – [a naval-air attack group].

Kurierstaffel - [courier squadron].

Kόstenjagdstaffel - [naval fighter squadron].

L

 

L.S.- Luftschutz – [air defense].

Lazarett - [hospital].

LD-Ag. – Verwaltungsamt-Amtsgruppe – [administrative group in the administrative branch of RLM].

Ldssch. - Landesschutzen – [territorial defense] .

le. - leichte – [light].

Legion Condor - [the Luftwaffe contingent in the Spanish Civil War].

Lehrgang - [class for instruction].

Lehrgangsleiter - [course leader].

Lehrgeschwader - [a mixed function tactics test unit].

Leitender Chef-Ingenieur - [senior chief engineer].

LG – Lehrgeschwader – [a mixed function tactics test unit].

Lg. - Luftgau – [air district].

Lg.Kdo. - Luftgaukommando – [air district command].

Lg.Nachr.Rgt. - Luftgaunachrichtenregiment – [air district signals regiment].

LK - Luftkreis – [prewar air district].

LKS - Luftkriegschule – [air war college].

LLG - Luftlandegeschwader – [Airborne wing (parachute and glider)].

Ln.-Abt. - Luftnachrichten-Abteilung – [communications detachment].

Ln.-Ausb.Rgt. - Luftnachrichten-Ausbildungsregiment – [signals/communications training regiment].

Ln.-Betr.Abt. - Luftnachrichten-Betriebsabteilung – [signals servicing detachment].

Ln.-Betr.Kp. - Luftnachrichten-Betriebskompanie – [signals servicing company].

Ln.Ers.Kp. - Luftnachrichtenersatzkompanie – [signals replacement company].

Ln.Ers.Rgt. - Luftnachrichtenersatzregiment – [signals replacement regiment].

Ln.-Flugmelde-Rgt. - Luftnachrichten-Flugmelde-Regiment – [flight reporting signals regiment].

Ln.-Flugsicherungs-Rgt. - Luftnachrichten-Flugsicherungs-Regiment – [flight safety signals regiment].

Ln.-Gerδte-Inspizient – [signals equipment inspectorate].

Ln.-Rgt. - Luftnachrichten-Regiment – [signals regiment].

LS - Lastensegler – [cargo glider].

LS-Abt.d.Lw. – [civil air defense detachment of the Air Force].

LS-Warn-Abt. – Luftschutz-Warn-Abteilung – [civil air defense (air raid) warning detachment].

LT - Lufttransport or Lufttorpedo – [Air transport or Aerial torpedo].

Lt. - Leutnant – [second lieutenant].

Luftdienst-Abt. – [air service (target-towing) detachment].

Luftdienstkdo. - Luftdienstkommando – [air service area command].

Luftflotte - [Air Fleet].

Luftflottenarzt - [chief physician for the air fleet].

Luftflottenkdo. - [Air Fleet].

Luftgaubefehlsstelle – [air district command post].

Luftgaukdo. - [air district command].

Lufthauptmunitionsanstalt – [main ammunition establishment for air munitions].

Luftkriegsakademie - [air war academy].

Luftmuna – Luftmunitionsanstalt – [air munitions establishment].

Luftpark - [an airfield used for storage and modification before being sent on to destination unit].

Luftvermittlungs-Offz. - [air traffic officer?]

Luftvermittlung-άberwachungsoffzier - [air traffic control officer].

Luftverteidigungszone - [air defense zone].

Luftwaffenbefehlshaber - [air force commander]

Luftzeugamt - [office for aircraft development].

Luftzeuggruppe - [air or aviation equipment group].

LV - Luftverteidigung? – [Air defense].

LV-Kdo. - Luftverteidigungskommando – [air defense command].

Lw. - Luftwaffe or Luftwaffen – [pertaining to the air force].

Lw.-Bau-Btl. - [air force construction batallion].

Lw.-Feld-Div. - [air force field division].

Lw.-Festungs-Btl. - [air force fortification batallion].

Lw.-Fόhrungsstab - [air force leadership staff].

Lw.-άbungsplatz - [air force exercise field or area].

M

 

Maj. - Major – [Major].

Maj. beim Stabe - [auxiliary staff officer in a higher level staff, usually a Geschwaderstab].

Meldestelle - [reporting station or center].

Met.Beo.Leiter - [meteorologische Beobachter Leiter (chief meteorological observer)]

MIA - [missing in action].

mittl. – Mittlerer – [medium].

mittl.Flugm.Leit-Kp. – mittlerer Flugmeldeleit-Kompanie – [medium aircraft reporting control company].

(mot) - motorige – [motorized].

MSGr. - Minensuchgruppe – [aerial mine sweeping group].

mstFb - mit stellvertretendes Fuhrung beauftragt – [appointed deputy commander].

Munitionsinspizient – [munitions inspectorate].

mWb - mit Wahrnehmung der Geschafte beauftragt – [detailed to deputize (for), or temporary /provisional/probationary commander].

mWdGb - mit Wahrnehmung der Geschafte beauftragt – [detailed to deputize (for), or temporary/provisional/probationary commander].

N

 

(N) - (Nacht) – [implicitly night fighter].

Nachr.Offz. - Nachrichten Offizier – [signals/communications officer].

Nachrichtentruppe - [a generic term for signals and communications personnel].

Nachrichten-Verbindungswesen - [communications liaison matters].

Nachschubbezirk - [supply district].

Nachschubkolonnen-Abt. - [supply column detachment].

Nachschubschule - [logistics school].

Nachtjagd - [night fighter].

Nafό- Nachrichtenfuhrer – [communications officer of a staff unit].

Nahaufkl. - Nahaufklarungs – [tactical recon].

Nahkampffόhrer - [Close Air Support Commander].

Nav.Offz. - Navigationsoffizier – [Navigation officer].

Navigations-u.Funk-Offz. – Navigations und funkoffizier – [navigation officer].

n.d. - [no date (ohne Datum)].

Nebenplatz - [Satellite field].

NJG - Nachtjagdgeschwader – [night fighter wing].

NNJ Schw. - Nahnachtjagdschwarm – [provisional close night fighting swarm (i.e.: Eastern Front)].

Nr. - Nummer – [number].

NSDAP - Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei – [National Socialist Workers Party (i.e: Nazi Party)].

NSFK - National Sozialistische Fliegerkorps – [the flying elements of the Sturm-Abteilung].

NSFO - National Sozialistische Fuhrungsoffizier – [political officer]

NVW - Nachrichtenverbindungswesens – [signals liaison matters].

O

 

(o) -ortsfest – [stationary]

OB - Oberbefehlshaber – [Supreme Commander].

Ob.d.H. - Oberbefehlshaber der Heeres – [Supreme commander of the Army].

Ob.d.L. – Oberbefehlshaber der Luftwaffe – [Supreme commander of the air force].

O.B.S. - Oberbefehlshaber Sud. – [Supreme Commander South].

O.Gfr. - Obergefreiter – [master corporal].

Oberarzt - [a medical rank corresponding to Oblt.].

Oberfeldarzt - [a medical rank corresponding to Obstlt.].

Oberst - [Colonel].

Oberstabsarzt - [a medical rank corresponding to Maj.].

Oberstarzt - [a medical rank corresponding to an Oberst].

Oberst i.G. - Oberst im Generalstab – [Colonel of General staff status].

Oberstabsarzt - a medical rank corresponding to a Maj.].

Oberstingenieur - [an engineer's rank corresponding to Oberst (Colonel) (from c.1940)].

Oblt. - Oberleutnant – [first lieutenant].

Obstlt. - Oberstleutnant – [Lt.Col.].

Ob.Zm. - Oberzahlmeister – [accountant rank corresponding to an Oblt.]

Offizierbewerber - [officer candidate].

Offizierbewerber-Ausb.Rgt. - [officer candidate training regiment].

Offiziersanwδrter - [officer cadet].

Offz. z.b.V. - Offizier zur besonderen Verwendung – [officer on special assignment ].

Ofhr. - Oberfahnrich - [aspirant officer]

Ofw. - Oberfeldwebel – [master sargent].

Ogf. - Obergefreiter – [master corporal].

OKH - Oberkommando der Heer – [High Command of the Army].

OKL - Oberkommando der Luftwaffe – [High Command of the Air Force].

OKM - Oberkommando der Marine – [High Command of the Navy].

OKW - Oberkommando der Wehrmacht – [High Command of the Armed Forces].

Ord.Offz. - Ordonnanz-Offizier – [Ordnance Officer]

Osterreiches - [Austrian].

OT- Organisation Todt – [the German labor corps dedicated to high profile civil engineering projects, directed by Fritz Todt].

OT-Einsatzgruppe - [a unit of the OT].

P

 

Peilsonderkdo.d.Lw. – [Air Force special direction finding detachment].

Pioniertruppe - [pioneer troops, i.e.: field construction troops].

PK- Propaganda Kompanie – [a small unit attached to military units to gather material for propaganda].

PleM - Orden Pour le Merite – [the "Blue Max" award of WWI].

Pl.Qu. - Planquadrat – [map grid square coordinate].

PMvk - Preussen Militar-Verdienstkreuz – [Prussian Military Merit Cross]

POW - [Prisoner of War].

Promo - [promoted (Beforderung)].

Prόfstelle - [test station].

Pz - Panzer – [tank hunting].

Q

 

Qu 3 – Quartiermeister 3 – [transportation section in a higher headquarters, such as that of a Fliegerkorps].

Qu. - Quartiermeister- [quartermaster].

R

 

R - Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes – [the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross].

R.D.A. - Rangdienstalter – [date of rank].

R.D.A. vorbeh. – Rangdienstalter vorbehalt – ["promoted to", but date of rank not assigned] .

R.d.L. - Reichsminister der Luftfahrt – [a pre-Third Reich government cabinet position].

RAD - Reichsarbeitdienst – [German labor corps].

RAF - [Royal Air Force].

Rangverlust - [demoted].

RE - Eichenlaub zum Ritterkreuz des EK – [Oak leaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross].

Referent - [specialist].

Regist. – register, registrator, registratur – [register, registrar, registry].

Reichskriegsgericht - [supreme military court].

Reichsmarine - [the navy in the period (1920 - 1933)].

Reklamestaffel - [publicity squadron].

RES - Eichenlaub mit Schwertern zum Ritterkreuz des Eisernkreuz – [Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak leaves and Swords].

RESB - Eichenlaub mit Schwertern und Brillanten zum Ritterkreuz des EK – [Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds].

Rittmeister - [an anachronistic term for the rank of Hptm.].

RkAS - Ritterkreuz des koniglichen–wurttembergischen Albrechts-Ordens mit Schwerter. – [a WWI era award].

RkFS - Ritterkreuz I. Klasse des koniglichen–wurttembergischen Friedrichs-Orden mit schwerter – [a WWI era award].

RKG - Reichskriegsgericht – [supreme military court].

RkAOS - Ritterkreuz des Albrechts Orden mit Schwertern – [Knight's Cross of the Order of Albrecht with Swords].

RkWF - Ritterkreuz des Sachsischer Hausorden der Weissen Falken – [ Knight's Cross of the Saxon Order of the White Falcon].

RkHS - Ritterkreuz des Konigsliche Haus Ordens von Hohenzollern mit Schwerter – [a WWI era award].

Rkkvk - Ritterkreuz des kriegsverdienstkreuz ohne Schwertern – [Knight's Cross of the War Service Cross without Swords].

RkkvkS - Ritterkreuz des kriegsverdienstkreuz mit Schwertern – [Knight's Cross of the War Service Cross with Swords].

RkLZS - Ritterkreuz des Orden der Lowen von Zahringen mit Eichenlaub und Schwerter – [Knight's Cross of the Order of Zahringen with Oakleaves and Swords].

RKM - Reichskriegsministerium – [War Ministry (pre Third Reich)].

RkM - Ritterkreuz des koniglich sachsischen Militar-St.Heinrichs-Ordens – [a WWI era award].

RLM - Reichsluftministerium – [the Air Ministry].

RLM (LP 2) – Amtsgruppe 2/Luftwaffenpersonalamt der Reichsluftministerium – [administrative group 2/Air Force personnel branch of the Air Ministry].

R.O.A. - Reserve-Offizier-Anwarter – [Reserve officer aspirant].

Rohstoff - [raw material].

S

 

SA - Sturm Abteilung – [the Nazi brownshirts].

Sachbearbeiter - [assistant, clerk].

SAGr. - Seeaufklarungsgruppe – [Sea Reconnaissance Group].

Sammel-u.Inst.St. – Sammel- und Instandsetzungsstelle – [collection and repair center].

San. - Sanitat – [medical].

San.Bereitschaft - Sanitatbereitschaft – [medical ambulance unit].

Sanitδtsstaffel - [ambulance squad].

Sch.Etat - Schulen-Etat – [training establishment, i.e., instructors and trainers].

scheinwerfer - [search light].

Schiessplatz - [a practice shooting range] .

Schleppgruppe - [Glider transport group].

Schleppschule - [glider tug school].

schw. - schwere – [heavy or main].

schw.Flak-Abt. - schwere Flak-Abteilung – [heavy anti-aircraft detachment].

schw.Flak-Ers.Abt. - schwere Flak-Ersatz Abteilung – [heavy anti-aircraft replacement detachment].

schw.Flugm.Leit-Kp. – schwere Flugmeldeleit-Kompanie – [heavy aircraft reporting control company].

Seenotbezirk - [sea rescue territory] .

Seenotgruppe - [sea rescue group].

Seenotstaffel - [sea rescue squadron].

Seenotzentrale - [sea rescue command center].

(Sf.) – Selbstfahrlafette – [self-propelled gun motor carriage].

SG - Schlachtgeschwader – [fighter-bomber wing].

SKG - Schnellkampfgeschwader – [fast bomber wing].

Skl. – Seekriegsleitung – [operations division of the general staff of the Navy].

Sonderaufgaben - [special tasks].

(Span) - (Spanien) – [the Spanish contingent within a unit].

SpK - Spanienkreuz – [the Spanish Cross campaign medal for those who served in the Spanish Civil War].

SS - Schutzstaffel – [the armed force of the Nazi Party].

St. - Staffel – [a unit of about ten aircraft (approx. a squadron)].

St.G. - Stukageschwader – [dive bomber wing].

St.Zm. - Stabszahlmeister – [ accountant rank corresponding to a Hptm.]

Stabsarzt - [medical rank corresponding to Hptm.].

Stabsst. - Stabsstaffel – [the squadron of the staff section of a unit].

Stafό- Staffelfuhrer – [squadron leader in training].

Staka - Staffelkapitan – [squadron leader].

stellv. - Stellvertreter – [deputy].

stellvertrender - [deputy]

Stokraft – Stabsoffizier fur Krafhfahrwesens – [staff officer for motor vehicle matters].

Stφrkampfgruppe - [night harassment group].

StuG. -Sturmgeschutz – [assault gun].

Stuka - Sturzkampf – [dive bomber].

T

 

Techn.Offz. - Technische Offizier – [technical officer].

Telegrafenbau - [telegraph construction].

TG - Transportgeschwader – [transport wing].

TLR - Technischen Luftrustung – [Technical Air Armament].

Tr.Gr. - Tragergruppe – [Gruppe sized unit originally intended for use on an aircraft carrier].

Tr.O. - Truppen Offizier (Aktive Offizier) – [Regular Officers].

trf - [transferred (versetzt)].

Trsp.St. - Transportstaffel – [a transport squadron].

Truppenarzt – [medical officer].

TSD - Truppensonderdienst – [Officers in the Special Troop Service].

U

 

u. - und – [and].

άberprόfungsschule ELF – Uberprufungsschule (fur) Erweiterter Luftwaffen-Fuhrerschein –

[examination school for Air Force advanced flying certificate].

Uffz. - Unteroffizier – [Non commissioned officer].

U.K.(Stellung) – unabkommlich – [indispensable position - due to his war-essential or scientific civilian employment]

Ungarischen - [Hungarian].

Untersuchungsstelle - [examination or testing station or center].

V

 

(v) - verlegefahig – [transferable]

Verb. - Verbindungs – [liaison].

Verbandsfόhrerschule - [unit leader's school].

Verbindungs - [liaison].

Versuchsverband - [Trials unit].

Verteidigungsbezirkkommando - [territorial defense command].

  1. - Veternar – [veterinarian].

vic - [vicinity].

Vorkommando - [advance team].

W

 

(W) (Kr.O.) - [non-officers granted temporary officer status as ordnance officers].

W.B.K. - Wehrbezirkskommando – [recruiting district command – subordinate to a W.E.I.].

W.B.O. - Wehrbezirksoffizier – [chief recruiting officer of a recruiting district command].

W.E.I. - Wehrersatzinspektion – [recruiting area headquarters].

Weflugst. – Wetterflugstelle – [a weather recon flying unit smaller than a staffel].

Wehrbezirkskdo. - Wehrbezirkskommando – [military district command].

Wehr-Ers.Insp. – Wehrersatzinspektion.

Wehrersatzinspektion – [recruiting area headquarters].

Wehrm. - Wehrmacht – [the armed forces].

Wehrmachtgefangenen-Abt.- [military prisoner detachment].

Wehrmachtgefδngnis - [military prison].

Wehrmachttransportleitstelle - [armed forces transport or transportation control center].

Wehrmachtumschlagstab - [military staff turn-over].

Wehrmachtuntersuchungsgefδngnis – [armed forces prison where arrestees were held for investigation pending trial].

Wehrwirtschaft-Insp. – [military industrial and economic inspectorate].

Wehrwirtschaftstelle - [military industrial and economic office].

Wekusta - Wettererkundungsstaffel – [weather recon squadron].

Werftstaffel – [workshops squadron].

Werkstatt-Kp. - [workshop company].

Wetterflugstelle - [weather recon base].

WIA - [wounded in action].

Wirtschaftsstab – [military industrial and economic staff].

Wm. – [Wachtmeister].

WMo - Wurttemburg Militarverdienst-Ordens – [a WWI era award].

W.N.V. - Wehrmacht-Nachrichtenverbindung – [army communications connection/co-ordination].

W.O. - Wehrmachtsoffizier – [Luftwaffe officer serving in Wehrmacht-level commands].

WPr. - Waffenpruf – [weapons testing].

WWI - [World War I].

Z

 

z.b.V. - zur besonderen Verwendung – [for special tasks - provisional, not in the normal establishment or organization].

z.D. - zur Dienstverwendung – [for service use?].

z.S. - zur See – [naval, such as naval lieutenant (Lt.z.S.)].

z.V. - zur Verfugung – [available for duty].

Zahnarzt - [dentist].

Zerlegestelle – [dismantling center].

Zugfόhrer - [section leader].

 

Alpha codes of combat wings (units) and squadrons

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Alpha codes of combat wings (units) and squadrons

Buchstabenschlüssel der Kampfverbände der Luftwaff

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kennzeichen1_e

 

The alpha codes of fighting units
Standard and exceptions considering the number of groups:
  A = wing staff (a blue letter to the left)
B = staff of the 1st group (a green letter to the left)
C = staff of the 2nd group (a green letter to the left)
D = staff of the 3rd group (a green letter to the left)
E = staff of the 4th group (a green letter to the left)
F = staff of the 5th group (a green letter to the left)
  1st Group H = 1st Squadron (a white letter to the left)
K = 2nd Squadron (a red letter to the left)
L = 3rd Squadron (a yellow letter to the left)
 2nd Group M = 4th Squadron (a white letter to the left)
N = 5th Squadron (a red letter to the left)
P = 6th Squadron (a yellow letter to the left)
 3rd Group R = 7th Squadron (a white letter to the left)
S = 8th Squadron (a red letter to the left)
T = 9th Squadron (a yellow letter to the left)
4th Group U = 10th Squadron (a white letter to the left)
V = 11th Squadron (a red letter to the left)
W = 12th Squadron (a yellow letter to the left)
 5th Group X = 13th Squadron (a white letter to the left)
Y = 14th Squadron (a red letter to the left)
Z = 15th Squadron (a yellow letter to the left)

Identification codes of units of the Luftwaffe 1939 – 1945

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Greek flagΚωδικοί μονάδων και αναγνώρισης Γερμανικών αεροσκαφών 1939 – 1945

 

enlish flagIdentification codes of units of the Luftwaffe 1939 – 1945

This is an alphabetic listing of all known codes. This kind of marking was used at all wings (units) and some ground-attack wings (units) and some heavy fighter wings(units). This code was always an alpha numeric code which was shown on the left hand from the national insignia.

GermanVerbands- und Einheitskennzeichen der deutschen Luftwaffe.

Das ist eine alphabetische Aufstellung der bisher bekannten Kennzeichen. Diese Form der Kennzeichnung fand vom Frühjahr 1939 an mit Ausnahme der Jagdverbände, Schlachtgeschwader (teilweise) und Zerstörereinheiten (teilweise) überall Verwendung. Es handelt sich dabei immer um eine Zahlen – Buchstabenkombination im Gegensatz zu den Stammkennzeichen.

 

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kennzeichen1_e

A1+ KG 53 (53. Bomber Wing)
A2+ I./ZG 52, (I./52nd Heavy Fighter Wing, from 6.7.1940 onwards: II./ZG 2 (II./2nd Heavy Fighter Wing), Flugbereitschaft Kd.Gen.d.dt.L in Finnland (HQ German Airforce Finland)I./ZG 52, ab 6.7.1940 II./ZG 2, Flugbereitschaft Kd.Gen.d.dt.L in Finnland 
A3+ KG 200 (200 Special Duties Wing), Versuchskdo. 200 (200 Trials Unit), Versuchskdo. 36 (36 Trial Unit)KG 200, Versuchskdo. 200, Versuchskdo. 36 
A4+ with squadron letter .A – Luftbeobachterstaffel – 3rd fighter division, spring / summer 1944

 

Mit dem Buchstaben .A Luftbeobachterstaffel 3. Jagddivision, im Frühjahr/Sommer 1944

A5+ 1./St.G.1 (I./1st Dive Bomber Wing), SG 1 (1st Assault Wing)1./St.G.1, SG 1 
A6+ Aufkl.Gr.120 (120 Reconnaissance Group)Aufkl.Gr.120 
A8+ with the letters .H+.K seen on a He 111 in february 1942 at Grosetto (arial torpedo trials)Mit dem Buchstaben .H+.K gesehen an He 111 im Februar 1942 in Grosetto bei der Lufttorpedoerprobung. 
B1+ Transport Squadron of I. Air Corps (occasionally also called Transport Squadron “Don”)Transportstaffel I. Fliegerkorps (zeitweise auch Transportstaffel Don genannt)
B3+ KG 54 (54 Bomber Wing)
B4+ Night Fighter Squadron FinlandNachtjagdstaffel Finnland 
B7+ Westa 1 (1rd Metrological Squadron)
C1+ Test Centre Peenemünde (Me 163)
C2+ Aufkl. Gr.41 (41st Reconaissance Group)
C3+ Transport Squadron II. Air Corps
C5+ Westa 26 (26th Metrological Squadron)/Lfl.6 with Squadron Letter . H
C6+ KGr.z.b.V.600 (600 Special Duties Battle Group), Tr.FI.St.4 (4th Transport Squadron)
C8+ I.+II./KG.z.b.V.323, TG 5 (I.+II./323 Special Duties Battle Group – 5 Transport Wing)
C9+ NJG 5 (5th Night Fighter Wing) also NJ 100 (100th Night Fighter Wing)
D1+ SAGr.126 (126 Maritime Reconnaissance Wing), LD.Kdo.65 (65th Courier Detachment)
D3+ 2nd Night Harassment Group 

Nachtschlachtgruppe 2 

D5+ NJG 3 (3rd Night Fighter Wing), frequently also with the code L1+
D7+ Wekusta 5 (5th Metrological Squadron; from April 1943 onwards in connection with the code letter “N”, previously 1B+ with the squadron letter “H”)Ab mitte Januar 1942 mit D7+AH-MH Westa 1 Ob.d.L.; D7+.K ab Juli 1942 Westa 2 Ob.d.L.; Westa 3 wurde ab März 1942 selbstständig aus der Kette Stavanger mit der Kennung D7+VH-ZH; Westa 5 ab April 1943 mit der Kennung D7+.H; Westa 6 mit der Kennung D7+.P 

 

D9+ Night Fighter Squadron Norway, temporarily I./NJG 7Nachtjagdstaffel Norwegen, kurzfristig I./NJG 7 
E1 – E7+ Test Centre Rechlin (for Me 163 and Ar 234) 

E-Stelle Rechlin (auf Me 163 und Ar 234) 

E8+ 1./FKG 50
F1+ KG 76 (76th Bomber Wing), I./St.G. 76 (I./76th Dive Bomber Wing; using the letter C,M,N,P of the II. Group as those of the I. Group had already been allocated to the I./KG 76 and, from 6.7.1940 onwards, to the III./St.G. 77)KG 76, I./St.G.76 (unter Verwendung der Kennzeichnung der II. Gruppe C, M, N, P, weil die der I. Gruppe schon für die I./KG 76 benutzt wurden, ab dem 6.7.1940 für die III./St.G.77) 
F2+ Erg.(F)Gr. (Long-range Reconaissance Replacment-Group)
F3+ Aufkl.Gr.12 (12th Reconaissance Group)
F5+ NAG 5 (5th Short-range Reconaissance Wing)
F6+ Aufkl. Gr.122 (122th Reconaissance Group)
F7+ I./LLG 2 (I./2nd Glider Assault Wing), SAGr. 130 (130 Maritime Reconaissance Wing; frequently also with the code 6I+)
F8+ KG 40 (40 Bomber Wing), Transport Squadron “Condor”
G1+ KG 55 (55 Bomber Wing)
G2+ Aufkl.Gr.124 (124th Reconaissance Group)
G3+ NJG 101 (101st Night Fighter Wing)
G5+ Transport Squadron V. Air Corps
G6+ KGrzbV.2; 101, 102, 103, 104+105 (2nd, 101st, 102nd, 103rd, 104th+105th Special Duties Battle Group), TG 4 (4th Transport Group), 1st Air Transport Group (Maritime)
G8+ Transport Squadron IV. Air Corps
G9+ NJG 1 (1st Night Fighter Wing), ZG 1 (1st Heavy Fighter Wing; initial formation), NJG 4 (4th Night Fighter Wing; only for a short period of time)
H1+ Aufkl. Gr.12 (12th Reconaissance Group)
H4+ LLG 1 (1st Glider Assault Wing)
H7+ St.G.3 (3rd Dive Bomber Wing), SG 3 (3rd Assault Wing)
H8+ Aufkl. Gr.33 (33rd Reconaissance Group)
H9+ 7th Air Transport Squadron (Maritime)
J2+ NAG 3 (3rd Short-range Reconnaissance Wing)
J4+ 5th and 290th Air Transport Squadron
J6+ KGr.z.b.V 500 (500 Special Duties Battle Group)
J9+ StG 5 (5th Dive Bomber Wing), SG 5 (5th Assault Wing) (previously l./186fh Dive Bomber Wing, carrier-based, from 6.7.1940 onward III. /Dive Bomber Wing 1)
K1+ Messenger Squadron of Ob.d.L. (High Command of Luftwaffe)
K6+ Kü.fl.Gr.406 (406th Coastal Aviation Group) KG 6 (6th Bomber Wing).
K7+ Aufkl.Gr.Nacht (Night Reconnaisance Group)
K9+ Aufkl.Gr.B.d.L. (Reconnaisance Group High Command Luftwaffe) (also T5+)
L1+ I./NJG 3(l./3rd Night Fighter Wing), I. u. IV. (Z)/LG 1 I./IV. (Heavy Fighter)/1st Instruction Wing, also I./5th Dive Bomber Wing (former IV./1st Dive Bomber Instruction Wing)
L2+ LG 2 (2nd Instruction Wing)
L5+ KGr.z.b.V.5 (5 Special Duties Battle Group), 7./Erg. Transportgeschwader (7./Transport Training Replacement Wing)
L7+ seen with +AB-AF on Fi 156, Me 108 and Me 110
M2+ Kü.fl. Gr.106 (106th Coastal Aviation Group)

 

M3+ seen on a Ju 52/3m (unit ?)
M7+ Kü.fl. G r.806 (806th Coastal Aviation Group)
M8+ ZG 76 (76th Heavy Fighter Wing – first activation)
N1+ High Capacity Transport Squadron from 30.1.1945 onward
N3+ I./KGr.z.b.V.172 (I./172nd Special Duties Battle Group also 4V+)
N6+ Unit Major Babekuhl
N7+ seen on a Do 18 (unit ?)
N9+ Flugbereitschaft Norwegen (Air Service Norway)
P1+ KGr.60 (60th Battle Group)
P2+ Aufkl. Gr.21 (21st Reconnaissance Group)
P4+ Führungskette X. Fliegerkorps (Staff Flight X. Air Corps), Transportstaffel Fliegerführer Nord (Ost) (Transport Squadron Air Commander North (East)
P5+ Sonderstaffel Trans-Ozean (Special Squadron Transocean), KGr.zbV. 108 (108th Special Duties Battle Group), Kdo. d. Transportfl. Chef See-Norwegen (Command of Chief. Maritim Transport Norway)
Q5+ Westa 27 (27th Metrological Squadron)from October 1943 on, previously 5M+ together with Westa 26 (26th Metrological Squadron)/Lfl. 2 as an Squadron in Southern Greece
R4+ 2 Night Fighter Wing
S1+ St.G. 3 (3 Dive Bomber Wing (also S7+)
S2+ St.G. 77, SG 77 (77 Dive Bomber Wing) (77 Assault Wing)
S3+ KGr.z.b.V.5, Transportgruppe 30 (5th Special Duty Battle Group, 30th Transport Group)
S4+ Kü.fl.Gr.506 (506th Coastal Aviation Group)
S7+ St.G.3, SG 3 (3 Dive Bomber Wing, 3 Assault Wing)
S9+ Erp.Gr.210, (at first 210th Testing Group until April 1941, then 210th Special Battle Group and from 1942 on Heavy Fighter Wing 1 together with 2N+)
T1+ Aufkl. Gr.10 (10th Reconnaissance Group)
T3+ 1./Bordfliegerstaffel 196 (1./Shipboard Squadron 196)
T5+ Aufkl.St.Ob.d.L (Reconnaissance Squadron Commander-in-Chief Luftwaffe) 3.(Einsatz) Ob.d.L. (3rd Operational Squadron Commander-in-Chief Luftwaffe), Aufkl.Gr.100 (100th Reconnaissance Squadron), with last letter U = Wekusta Ob.d.L. (with last letter U = Meteorological Squadron Commander-in-Chief Luftwaffe)

 

T6+ St.G.2 (2 Dive Bomber Wing), SG 2 (2 Assault Wing) mit letztem Buchstaben Z = St. Erg. St. des VIII FI.Korps (with Z as last letter = Dive Bomber Replacement Training Squadron of VIII. Air Corps).
T9+ Experimental unit (Transport) High Command Luftwaffe, II./Experimental Unit Commander-in Chief Luftwaffe = Circus Rosarious, several special commandos
U2+ Nachtrotte bei der NAG 5 (Night-Flight of 5 Short Range Reconnaissance Wing)
U5+ KG 2 (2 Bomber Wing)
U8+ I./ZG 26 (Erstaufstellung) (I./26 Heavy Fighter Winq (Initial Activation)
U9+ NSG 3 (3 Night Assault Wing)
V1+ Transportstaffel VIII. Fliegerkorps (Transport Squadron VIII. Air Corps)
V3+ seen on a Ju 88 with the Squadron letters L+K in Cognac (France)
V4+ KG 1 (1 Bomber Wing)
V7+ Aufkl.Gr.32 (32nd Reconnaissance Group; during the war they partially used an own code: the squadron number was immediately right of the Balkenkreuz, followed by the letter indicating the aircraft within the squadron, e.g. V7+2G was aircraft “G” within the squadron).
W1-W3+ Me 321 Unit (Cargo Glider)
W5+ Me 321 Unit (Cargo Glider)
W7+ Me 321 Unit (Cargo Glider), NJG 100 (100 Night Fighter Wing)
W8-W9+ Me 321 Unit (Cargo Glider)
X4+ Air Transport Group (Maritime) 222, later also SAGr. 129 (129th Maritime Reconnaissance Group)
X8+ Flugbereitschaft RLM Staaken (Aviation Ministry’s Air Service Staaken)
Z4+ Transport Squadron of III. Air Corps
Z5+ seen on a Do 17 (unit unknown)
Z6+ KG 66 (66th Bomber Wing)

 

 

1B+ 13.(Z)/JG 5/13. ( )/5th Fighter Wing (only in connection with “X” as the final code letter), 5th Metrological Air Squadron (only in connection with “H” as the final letter)
1G+ KG 27 (27th Bomber Wing)
1H+ KG 26 (26th Bomber Wing)
1K+ NSGr.4 (4th Night Harassment Group)
1L+ seen on a Me 110, Ju 88 and He 219 with the squadron letters L+K at Test Centre Werneuchen.
1R+ Courier Squadron in Finland (perhaps Courier Squadron AOK Lapland?)
1T+ KG 28 (28th Bomber Wing), KGr. 126 (126th Bomber Group)
1Z+ KGrzbV. 1 (1st Special Duties Battle Group), TG 1 Savoia Staffel (1st Transport Wing Savoia-Squadron), III./KGrzbV. 1 (III./1st Special Duties Battle Group)
2B+ 2. Fliegerschuldivision (2nd Air Training Division)
2F+ until March 1940: KG 54 (54th Bomber Wing), 5./KG 28 (5./28th Bomber Wing)
2H+ 210th Trial Unit
2J+ ZG 1 (1st Heavy Fighter Wing; after reforming)
2N+ ZG 76 (76th Heavy Fighter Wing; after reforming), Originally II./ZG 1, from July 1940 onwards III./ZG 76)
2P+ X. Flying Division
2S+ I./ZG 2 (l./2nd Heavy Fighter Wing; after reforming)
2Z+ NJG 6 (6th Night Fighter Wing – from August 1943 onwards)
3C+ NJG 4 (4th Night Fighter Wing), NJG 6 (1-7.1943)
3E+ KG 6 (6th Bomber Wing)
3J+ NJG 3 (3rd Night Fighter Wing) also labelled D5+
3K+ Luftwaffe Mine Searching Group
3M+ ZG 2 (2nd Heavy Fighter Wing, initial formation)

 

3U+ ZG 26 (26th Heavy Fighter Wing; initial formation. Also used onferry aircraft by the 6th Fighter Wing from August 1944 onwards)
3W+ NSG 11 (11th Night Harassment Wing)
3X+ II./KG 1 (II./1st Bomber Wing; originally until 18. 9. 1939 I./KG 152 (I./152nd Bomber Wing)
3Z+ KG 77 (77th Bomber Wing: perhaps temporarily also called KG 153 (153rd Bomber Wing)
4A+ IV./ZG 26 (after the dissolution of ZG 26: IV/26th Heavy Fighter Wing in Norway, early August 1944
4B+ Westa 3 (3rd Metrological Squadron)
4D+ KG 30 (30th Bomber Wing), I./KG 25 (l./25th Bomber Wing)
4E+ Aufkl.Gr. 13 (13th Reconnaissance Group: later: 15th Short-range Reconnaissance Wing)
4F+ KGr.z.b.V. 400 (400th Special Duties Battle Group)
4M+ Erg.Z.Gr. (Replacement Group), later I./152nd Assault Wing)
4N+ Aufkl.Gr. 22 (22nd Reconnaissance Group), Westa 3 with Squadron letter “H”
4Q+ Liaison Squadron of 7th Flying Division
4R+ 7./NJG 2 (7./2nd Night Fighter Wing) in spring 1944 the code for this unit was changed from R4 to 4R
4T+ Westa 51 (51st Metrological Squadron) with Squadron letter “H”
4U+ Aufkl. Gr.123 (123rd Reconnaissance Group)
4V+ KGr.z.b.V. 9+106 (9th+106th Special Duties Battle Group), l./KGr.z.b. V. 172 (172nd Special Duties Battle Group), KGr.z.b. V. Neapel (Special Duties Battle Group Naples), TG 3 (3rd Transport Squadron), TG 4 (in April 1945: 4th Transport Squadron)
5B+ 10th Night Harassment Wing (i.e. the renamed II./ 1st Glider Assault Wing as from September 1944)
5D+ Aufkl. Gr.31 (31st Reconnaissance Group)
5F+ Aufkl. Gr.14 (14th Reconnaissance Wing; later also called 14th Short-range Reconnaissance Wing)
5J+ KG 4 (4th Bomber Wing)
5K+ KG 3 (3rd Bomber Wing)
5M+ Westa 26 (26th Metrological Squadron) Lfl. 2, Westa 26 Squadron southern Greece, renamed on 10.6.43 to Westa 27. No Squadron letter were painted on the aircrafts.
5T+ KSG 1 (1st; from 1. 2. 1943 onwards: KG 101 101st Bomber Wing)
5W+ Maritime Transport Group
5Z+ Wekusta 26 (26th Metrological Squadron) with the squadron letter A + H.

 

6A+ NAG 12 (12th Short-range Reconnaissance Wing)
6G+ St.G. 51 (51st Dive Bomber Wing), the original designation lll./St.G. 51 was still kept after reforming to 11./St.G. 1 on 6.7.1940
6H+ Aircraft Replacement Group (Maritime) Kamp
6I+ Kü.FI.Gr.706 (706th Coastal Reconnaissance Group), KGr.z.b.V 108 (108th Special Duties Battle Group), TG 20 (20th Transport Wing), SAGr. 130 (130th Maritime Reconnaissance Wing)
6K+ Aufkl.Gr. 23 (23rd Reconnaissance Group)
6M+ Coastal Squadron Krim, 11th Reconnaissance Group, plus several machines of the 8th Short-range Reconnaissance Wing at the end of the war
6N+ KG 100 (100 Bomber Wing) aicrafts with the squadron letter “R” were assigned to the 17th test- and instructional unit)
6Q+ Replacement Squadron St.G.2 as 6Q+C. with letters in ascending order. Probably SG 151
6R+ SAGr. 127 (127th Maritime Reconnaissance Wing)
6U+ ZG 1 (1st Heavy Fighter Wing; after reforming)
6W+ SAGr. 128 (128th Maritime Reconnaissance Group), Bordfliegergruppe 128 (128th Shipborne Wing)
6Z+ Transport Group Herzog 1945
7A+ Aufkl.Gr. 121 (121st Reconnaissance Wing)
7J+ NJG 102 (102nd Night Fighter Wing)
7R+ SAGr. 125 (125th Maritime Reconnaissance Group)
7T+ Kü.fl.Gr.606 (606th Coastal Reconnaissance Group), KGr. 606 (606th Bomber Group)
7U+ KGr.z.b.V. 108 (108th Special Duties Battle Group)
7V+ KGr.z.b.V. 700 (700th Special Duties Battle Group)
8A+ 1st Air Transport Group (Maritime)
8I+ 3./(H) Pz. NAG 16 (3./(AC) Anti-tank Squadron, NAG 16 (16th Short-range Reconnaissance Wing))
8L+ Kü.FI.Gr. 906 (906th Coastal Reconnaissance Group), SAGr.131 (131th Maritime Reconnaissance Wing)
8Q+ Transportgruppe 10, 10th Transport Group, seen on SM 82 (Squadron Unit unknown)
8T+ KGr.z.b.V. 800, später TG 2 (800th Special Duties Battle Group, later renamed 2nd Transport Wing)
8U+ Stab Transportfliegerführer 2 (HQ AOC “Transportfliegerführer 2″)

 

8V+ NJG 200 (200th Night Fighter Wing)
9G+ Ju 52 Formation
9K+ KG 51 (51st Bomber Wing)
9N+ Seen on Fi 156 + Me110 (Unit unknown)
9P+ KGr.z.b.V. 9, 40, 50, 60, Frankfurt+Wittstock (9th, 40th, 50th, 60th Special Duties Battle Group, Frankfurt+Wittstock)
9V+ FAG 5 (5th Long-range Reconnaissance Wing)
9W+ NJG 101 (101st Night Fighter Wing)