Savoia Marchetti SM79

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To  Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero (Ιταλικά “Γεράκι”) θεωρείται το πιο γνωστό αεροπλάνο Ιταλικής κατασκευής στον Β’ Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο. Εφοδιασμένο με τρεις κινητήρες και υλικά κατασκευής ξύλο και μέταλλο προοριζόταν αρχικά ως αεροσκάφος μεταφοράς επιβατών. Η ελαφριά κατασκευή του αεροσκάφους εξασφάλιζε 30 λεπτών πλεύση σε περίπτωση προσθαλάσσωσης. Πρωτοεμφανίστηκε στη διάρκεια του ισπανικού εμφυλίου πολέμου και έλαβε μέρος σε όλα τα μέτωπα στα οποία η Ιταλία συμμετείχε κατά τη διάρκεια του Β ‘Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου. Κατείχε 26 παγκόσμια ρεκόρ ενώ για κάποιο χρονικό διάστημα θεωρείτο ως το γρηγορότερο μέσο βομβαρδιστικό αεροπλάνο στον κόσμο. Στην διάρκεια του πολέμου χρησιμοποιήθηκε σαν βομβαρδιστικό αλλά και σαν τορπιλοφόρο κατά εχθρικών πλοίων (Τorpedo bomber). Κατασκευάστηκαν περίπου 1300 μονάδες ενώ παρέμεινε ενεργό μέχρι το 1952.

Aviation Archaeology Greece SM79_

The Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero (Italian for “Sparrowhawk”) was a three-engined Italian medium bomber with a wood-and-metal structure. Originally designed as a fast passenger aircraft, this low-wing monoplane, in the years 1937–39, set 26 world records that qualified it for some time as the fastest medium bomber in the world. It first saw action during the Spanish Civil War and flew on all fronts in which Italy was involved during World War II. It became famous and achieved many successes as a torpedo bomber in the Mediterranean theater.
The SM.79 was an outstanding aircraft and was certainly the best-known Italian aeroplane of World War II. It was easily recognizable due to its distinctive fuselage dorsal “hump”, and was well liked by its crews who nicknamed it Gobbo Maledetto (“damned hunchback”). It was the most widely produced Italian bomber of World War II, with some 1,300 built, remaining in Italian service until 1952.

The SM.79 project began in 1934 and was conceived as a fast, eight-passenger transport capable of being used in air-racing (the London-Melbourne race). Piloted by Adriano Bacula, the prototype flew for the first time on 28 September 1934. Originally planned to use the 597 kW (800 hp) Isotta-Fraschini Asso XI Ri as powerplant, the aircraft reverted to the less powerful 440 kW (590 hp) Piaggio P.IX RC.40 Stella, a license-produced Bristol Jupiter on which many Piaggio engines were based. The engines were subsequently replaced by Alfa Romeo 125 RC.35s (license-produced Bristol Pegasus).[6]

The prototype (registration I-MAGO) was completed too late to enter the London-Melbourne race, but flew from Milan to Rome in just one hour and 10 minutes, at an average speed of 410 km/h (260 mph). Soon after, on 2 August 1935, the prototype set a record by flying from Rome to Massaua, in Italian Eritrea, in 12 flying hours (with a refuelling stop at Cairo).[7] The SM.79 was by far the most important Italian offensive warplane of World War II, and one of the very few Italian aircraft to be produced in substantial quantities.[8] Production started in October 1936 and continued until June 1943, totalling 1,217 machines.[9] Some were constructed by Aeronautica Umbra of Foligno, makers of the AUT.18.

http://en.wikipedia.org

 

  • Savoia-Marchetti – Σχέδιο 1. SM79

Savoia Marchetti _SM79

 

  • Savoia-Marchetti – Σχέδιο 2. SM79

 

Savoia-Marchetti Sm79

 

  • Savoia-Marchetti -  SM79 cockpit

 

Savoia Marchetti SM79 cockpit

Ιταλικά Αεροσκάφη – Ministero Dell’ Aeronautica

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Τεχνικά εγχειρίδια και εγχειρίδια πτήσης από την:

Regia Aeronautica , Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana & Aeronautica Cobelligerante Italiana 

Ιταλικά αεροσκάφη

Italian aircrafts

Italienische Flugzeuge

  • Macchi C200       Μπορείτε να ‘κατεβάσετε’ το αρχείο σε μορφή PDF από το Aviation Archaeology Library

 

Οπλικά συστήματα

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Εγχειρίδια οπλικών συστημάτων αεροσκαφών B’ Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου.

 

RAF

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Τεχνικά εγχειρίδια και εγχειρίδια πτήσης βρετανικών αεροσκαφών.

  •  Lancaster Pilot’s and Flight Engineer’s Notes
  • Beaufighter Pilot’s Notes  Αρχείο σε μορφή PDF από το Aviation Archaeology Library

 

Gallery – Multimedia

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Φωτογραφικό υλικό εντοπισμένων αεροπορικών ναυαγίων στις Ελληνικές θάλασσες.

 

Airplane-wreck-Greece-_Savoia-Marchetti-79_2

 

 

Savoia-Marchetti 79

Photo: Areti Kominou

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft-wreck-greece-Messerschmitt-Bf-109

 

 

Messerschmitt-Bf-109E

Photo: Areti Kominou

 

 

 

 

 

Aviation-archaeology-greece-beau

 

Bristol Beaufighter

Photo: Pavlos Mpesis

 

 

 

 

 

Airplane-wreck-Greece-_Savoia-Marchetti-79

 

 

 

Savoia-Marchetti 79

Photo: Areti Kominou

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AquaTec.gr_Junker52

 

 

Junkers Ju 52

Photo: Areti Kominou

Luftwaffe

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Τεχνικά εγχειρίδια, εγχειρίδια πτήσης, εκπαιδευτικά εγχειρίδια γερμανικών αεροσκαφών.

 

 

Arado FlugzeugwerkeArado Flugzeugwerke

 

 

 

 

Blohm-Voss.svgHamburger FlugzeugbauBlohm and Voss

 

 

 

 

Dornier Logo.svgDornier Flugzeugwerke

 

 

 

 

FockeWulf-Logo.svgFocke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG

 

 

 

 

Heinkel_LogoHeinkel Flugzeugwerke

 

 

junkers_logoJunkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG

 

 

 

 

MesserschmittMesserschmitt AG

 

 

 

 

 

 

Β26 Marauder _ Σέριφος

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Marauder Mark I, FK375 ‘D’ ‘Dominion Revenge’, of No. 14 Squadron RAF

Αναφορά προσθαλάσσωσης αεροσκάφους τύπου Β26Marauder στη Σέριφο με αριθμό FK 375 της 14 Sqn RAF,

Αριθμός κατασκευής  c/n 41-7396

crest14

Marauder FK 375 of 14 Sqn RAF took off at 0905 hours on 3 January 1943 from Shallufa in company of a second Marauder, to carry out a torpedo attack against enemy shipping in the Aegean Sea. The weather was bad and visibility poor. Shortly after passing Kea Island, north of the Rymlades Group, and on a south west course, a small vessel was observed. This was found to be part of a convoy of five vessels escorted by several aircraft including an autogyro. The Marauders separated to launch an attack. Two messages were received from FK 375 that fighters were attacking and the other that machine was damaged and would have to force land but torpedo attack delivered before fighter engagement. No further news received from aircraft or of crew.

British_B-26_Marauder_Mk_IA_of_14_Sqn_RAF_FK375_1942

                                                                                                              B-26 Marauder MkIA FK375 of 14 Sqn RAF _1942

 

Η αναφορά της μοίρας σχετικά με την απώλεια του Marauder FK 375.

aviation archaeology Greece FK375-rec

aviation archaeology Greece FK375-sum

 

Lt Young (Pilot of FK 375) who became a POW later stated “Forced to make landing on sea off Seriphas Island. When he freed himself and got out of the aircraft, Bennett was sitting on top of the fuselage near his escape hatch. He stated that the Observer was still inside and climbed back to try and get him out. No sooner had he climbed back in when the aircraft sank going down nose first in a rush. Bennett never appeared again. He died in a brave attempt to rescue another member of the crew”.

FK375 D                                                                                         Marauder Mark I, FK375 ‘D’ ‘Dominion Revenge’, of No. 14 Squadron RAF

Crew:
South African Lt Young, B W Pilot (POW)
RAF Flt Sgt Meadwell, E A (2nd Pilot – Buried Seriphas Island)
RAF FO Foli-Brickley, J E (Air Observer)
RAAF 401409 FO Bennett, K J (Wireless Operator/Air Gunner)
RNZAF Flt Sgt Ray, D T (Wireless Operator/Air Gunner)
RAF Sgt Hunt, S (Air Gunner)

FK375 at Shallufah on 28 Dec 1942

                                                                                        Marauder Mark I, FK375 ‘D’ ‘Dominion Revenge’, of No. 14 Squadron RAF

 

 

 RAAF World War 2 fatalities / compilation Alan Storr