Βιβλιογραφία – Παραπομπές

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Ελληνόγλωσση Βιβλιογραφία - Greek Language References

  • Ιστορία της Ελληνικής Πολεμικής Αεροπορίας – Τόμος Δ’, 1941-1944,  Εκδόσεις Πολεμικής Αεροπορίας.
  • Ελληνική Αεροπορία, Συνοπτική Ιστορία 1908-1944, Εκδόσεις Πολεμικής Αεροπορίας.
  • Ιστορία της Ελληνικής Πολεμικής Αεροπορίας – Τόμος Β’, 1919-1929, Εκδόσεις Πολεμικής Αεροπορίας.
  • Όπλα και καταρρίψεις της Ελληνικής Αεροπορίας 1940 – 41, Νικόλαος Χριστοφίλης, Εκδόσεις Δούρειος Ίππος.
  • Η Αεροπορία στον Πόλεμο του ‘40, Υποπτεράρχου Ηλία Δ. Καρταλαμάκη
  • Ο αεροπορικός πόλεμος πάνω από την Ελλάδα 1940-1944, Γιάννης Τερνιώτης, Κωνσταντίνος Κανακάρης, Δημήτρης Γ. Μαρκαντωνάτος, Ηλίας Κ. Μαγκλίνης

 

 

Ξενόγλωσση Βιβλιογραφία – English & German Language References

  • Die Deutsche Luftwaffe in Griecheland 1941-1945Byron Tesapsidis
  • Die Kriegsmarine in der Agais 1941-1944- Byron Tesapsidis
  • Aircraft of the Luftwaffe 1935-1945 – An Illustrated Guide, Jean-Denis G.G. Lepage
  • War in the Aegean – The Campaign for the Eastern Mediterranean in World War II, Peter C. Smith
  • Operation Mercury – The Battle for Crete, 1941, John Sadler

  • Fighters over the Aegean, Brian Cull

  • KAMPFFLIEGER – Bombers of the Luftwaffe Vol.1- J Richard Smith & Eddie J Creek

 

Ιστοσελίδες Διαδικτύου - Online References

 

 

Forum

 

Blogs

Β26 Marauder _ Σέριφος

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Marauder Mark I, FK375 ‘D’ ‘Dominion Revenge’, of No. 14 Squadron RAF

Αναφορά προσθαλάσσωσης αεροσκάφους τύπου Β26Marauder στη Σέριφο με αριθμό FK 375 της 14 Sqn RAF,

Αριθμός κατασκευής  c/n 41-7396

crest14

Marauder FK 375 of 14 Sqn RAF took off at 0905 hours on 3 January 1943 from Shallufa in company of a second Marauder, to carry out a torpedo attack against enemy shipping in the Aegean Sea. The weather was bad and visibility poor. Shortly after passing Kea Island, north of the Rymlades Group, and on a south west course, a small vessel was observed. This was found to be part of a convoy of five vessels escorted by several aircraft including an autogyro. The Marauders separated to launch an attack. Two messages were received from FK 375 that fighters were attacking and the other that machine was damaged and would have to force land but torpedo attack delivered before fighter engagement. No further news received from aircraft or of crew.

British_B-26_Marauder_Mk_IA_of_14_Sqn_RAF_FK375_1942

                                                                                                              B-26 Marauder MkIA FK375 of 14 Sqn RAF _1942

 

Η αναφορά της μοίρας σχετικά με την απώλεια του Marauder FK 375.

aviation archaeology Greece FK375-rec

aviation archaeology Greece FK375-sum

 

Lt Young (Pilot of FK 375) who became a POW later stated “Forced to make landing on sea off Seriphas Island. When he freed himself and got out of the aircraft, Bennett was sitting on top of the fuselage near his escape hatch. He stated that the Observer was still inside and climbed back to try and get him out. No sooner had he climbed back in when the aircraft sank going down nose first in a rush. Bennett never appeared again. He died in a brave attempt to rescue another member of the crew”.

FK375 D                                                                                         Marauder Mark I, FK375 ‘D’ ‘Dominion Revenge’, of No. 14 Squadron RAF

Crew:
South African Lt Young, B W Pilot (POW)
RAF Flt Sgt Meadwell, E A (2nd Pilot – Buried Seriphas Island)
RAF FO Foli-Brickley, J E (Air Observer)
RAAF 401409 FO Bennett, K J (Wireless Operator/Air Gunner)
RNZAF Flt Sgt Ray, D T (Wireless Operator/Air Gunner)
RAF Sgt Hunt, S (Air Gunner)

FK375 at Shallufah on 28 Dec 1942

                                                                                        Marauder Mark I, FK375 ‘D’ ‘Dominion Revenge’, of No. 14 Squadron RAF

 

 

 RAAF World War 2 fatalities / compilation Alan Storr

Wellington Ελευσίνα

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Αναφορά κατάρριψης αεροσκάφους τύπου Wellington της 148 Sqn RAF με αριθμό W 5584, νότια της Ελευσίνας.
Summary:
Wellington W 5584 of 148 Sqn RAF, took off at night on 19 January 1942 to bomb Salamis, Greece, and failed to return. An Italian broadcast on 21 January 1942 stated that an aircraft had been shot down over Elevsis on 19 January 1942.

Aircraft Wreck Greece Wellington_

Crew:
RAF Sqn Ldr Abbott, M E, DFC (Pilot)
RAF Sgt James, I T (Pilot)
RAAF 400237 FO Carroll, W J (Observer)
RAF Sgt Sellers, J A (Wireless Operator/Air Gunner)
RCAF Sgt McGrath, H F (Wireless Operator/Air Gunner)
PO Scarb, J B (Air Gunner)

A report on interrogations of local residents after the war and investigations carried out in Elevsis and Salamis areas state that an aircraft was shot down and crashed into the sea 2 miles south of Elevsis on 19 January 1942. It also stated that the Germans made a search of the area and could find no trace of the aircraft or crew. Elevsis is on the coast approx 10 miles North West of Athens, whilst Salamis is six miles south west of Elevsis on the island of Kuluri. It was assumed that the aircraft crashed in the sea near Elevsis and that the crew were lost at sea.

RAAF World War 2 fatalities / compilation Alan Storr

Beaufighter _ Κύθηρα

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Beaufighter _ Κύθηρα

Tο Βρετανικό ελαφρύ βομβαρδιστικό Bristol Beaufighter κατέπεσε τον Απρίλιο του 1944, στο Νότιο μέρος των Κυθήρων στη θέση Aκ. Γκρόσο. Παρουσιάζονται κάποιες από τις σελίδες από την Έκθεση Μάχης του Γερμανού διοικητή της οκταμελούς Μονάδας Αντιαεροπορικών Καταστρώματος Koeler  που κατέρριψαν το Beuafighter στις 16 Απρίλη του 1944. Επίσης σκίτσο με την τελευταία πορεία του Βρετανικού αεροσκάφους  μέχρι το σημείο πτώσης.

Το υλικό προέρχεται από το αρχείο του Δημήτρη Γκαλόν.

 

Kithira_Beau-3

 

Κλικ για μεγέθυνση

Aviation Archaeology _Greece Apicraft WreckKithira_Beau-1   Aircraft wreck_ Greece Kithira_Beau-2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Τελευταία ενημέρωση: 11/03/2015

Σύμφωνα με τα ημερολόγια μάχης που αφορούν τις Νοτιοαφρικανικές μοίρες (αρχείο: Μανώλης Μπαρδάνης) το αεροσκάφος το οποίο άνηκε στην δύναμή της 16 SAAF, παρά τις σοβαρές βλάβες από τα πυρά αντιαεροπορικών, κατάφερε και επέστρεψε στη βάση του.

 

Aviation Wreck greece16SAAF

 

 

Aviation Wreck greece16SAAF_2

Junker 52 – Φάληρο

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Στην διάρκεια του 2ου Παγκοσμίου πολέμου υπολογίζεται ότι χάθηκαν ή καταστράφηκαν στην Ελλάδα 175 αεροπλάνα τύπου Junker 52. Το Junker 52 αποτελούσε το κύριο τακτικό μεταγωγικό αεροπλάνο των Γερμανικών δυνάμεων.

Ένα ακόμα αεροσκάφος τύπου Ju52,  βρέθηκε στην θαλάσσια περιοχή του Φαλήρου, ενώ εντοπίστηκαν και συντρίμμια σε μικρή απόσταση από ένα δεύτερο, ίδιου τύπου αεροσκάφους.

DSC_0700web

 

Το Αεροπλάνο βρίσκεται σε βάθος 52 μέτρων. Από την κατάσταση του ναυαγίου πιθανολογείται ότι προσέκρουσε στην θάλασσα με μεγάλη ταχύτητα. Αυτό μπορεί να δικαιολογήσει την θέση των φτερών (το αριστερό έχει αποκολληθεί πλήρως από την άτρακτο) ενώ στο δεξί έχει πραγματοποιηθεί πλήρη περιστροφή. Το αεροσκάφος βρίσκεται ανάποδα στο βυθό με το μεγαλύτερο μέρος της ατράκτου καλυμμένο από το λασπώδη βυθό.

Ju52_Faliro1

Μεγάλος αριθμός ναυαγίων βρίσκεται στην ευρύτερη περιοχή του Σαρωνικού.

Ιστορικά, αεροσκάφος Ju52 3mg6e-W (tactical codeW1K) βυθίστηκε στην ίδια περιοχή μετά την πραγματοποίηση προσθαλάσσωσης, το οποίο όπως προκύπτει και από την φωτογραφία ανελκύστηκε την 1η Ιουνίου του 1943.

Artwork-Junkers-Ju-52-3m(W)-L.Tr.St.See-1-(1Z+MN)-Aegean-Mediterranean-1943-0A

Η ομάδα δυτών αποτελείτο από τους:

Αρετή Κομηνού φωτογραφίες πεδίου, Αλέξη Τσαμούρη, Νίκο Καρατζά.

Ευχαριστούμε τον Αντώνη Γράφα και την ομάδα του για την υπόδειξη του ναυαγίου καθώς και για την υποστήριξη κατά την διάρκεια των καταδύσεων.

 

 

kracker luftwaffe pilot archive

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Επιμέλεια: Νίκος Καρατζάς

 

 

Ο πίνακας 17Β αφορά Γερμανούς πιλότους και καταρρίψεις αυτών σύμφωνα με το αρχείο kracker luftwaffe pilot archive. Πρέπει να διευκρινιστεί ότι σε όλους τους πίνακες – λίστες υπάρχουν συχνά λάθη ως προς τον τύπο του αεροσκάφους που καταρρίφθηκε. Αυτό οφείλεται σε μεγάλο βαθμό από τις αναφορές των πιλότων οι οποίοι ανάφεραν από λάθος διαφορετικό τύπου αεροσκάφους. Άλλες φορές τα αεροσκάφη αν και με μεγάλες ζημιές κατάφερναν να επιστρέψουν στη βάση τους. Για την Luftwaffe αυτά προσμετρούνταν σαν κατάρριψη. Η τοποθεσία των καταρρίψεων δίδεται κατά προσέγγιση με αναφορά το πιο κοντινό αεροδρόμιο, πόλη ή νησί.

Στον δεύτερο πίνακα (Update 11/01/1014) παρουσιάζονται τα στοιχειά όπως ακριβώς αναγράφονται στο kracker luftwaffe pilot archive.

 

Πηγή: kracker luftwaffe pilot archive

 

 

Πίνακας 17Β

A/A Όνομα Βαθμός Μονάδα Στοιχεία Αεροσκάφους Καταρρίψεις
1 Appel, Walter Gefr 9/JG-27 Bf 109G-6 Werk # 165214 9/2/1944, Beaufighter Ν.Σάμος
8/JG-27 13/2/1944, Beaufighter  Ν.Μήλος
2 Brenner, Gerhard Oblt 1 & 2/LG-1 Ju 88A-4Werk # 5542 14/6/1942 Beaufighter της 272sq, Γαύδος
3 Burk, Alfred Oblt JG-52, 11/JG-27 Bf 109G-6 Werk # 140056 7/10/1943, Beaufighter Κάρπαθος
4 Busen, Franz Uffz 7/JG-27 Bf 109G-6 Werk # 441764 9/2/1944, Beaufighter Ν.Σάμος
4 Culemann, Hans Gunna Lt 9/JG-27 Bf 109G-6 Werk # 19676 3/11/1943, Β-26 ΝΑ Ελευσίνας
6/3/1944 Β-26 ΝΑ Ν.Μήλος
5 Ernst Dullberg StabJG27 20/12/1943 B-17 Fortress Κέρκυρα
6 Grobe, Rudolf Oblt 5/JG-77 Bf 109E-7 Werk # 3183
7 Hackl, Ernst (Heinz?) Fw JG-27 Bf 109G-6 Werk # 140316 1/8/1943, Β-24, Ιόνιο

15/11/1943, P-38

Άσπρα σπίτια

15/11/1943, P-38 N.Αίγινα
8 Hans Joachim “Hayo” Lt 7/JG-27 Bf 109G 22/2/1944, 2ΧBeaufighter Ν.Δίας – Κρήτη
23/2/1944, Baltimore Ν.Δίας – Κρήτη
6/3/1944, B-26 Αντικύθηρα
6/3/1944, B-26 Αντικύθηρα
23/4/1944, Baltimore Ν.Δίας – Κρήτη
9 Heckmann, Theodor Uffz 7/JG-27 Bf 109F 5/10/1943, Beaufighter Ν.Λέρος
Bf 109G-6 Werk # 18315 8/10/1943, P-38
10 Heger Lt 1/JG-53 Bf 109G 18/9/1943, B-25
11 Heintzsch, Manfred Lt 10/JG-27 Bf 109G-6 Werk # 161020

18/9/1943, Spitfire

N.Κως

12 Hermann, Horst Fw 5/StG-2 Ju 87B-2 Werk # 0599 24/4/1941, Πάτρα
2/SG-2 Fw 190FRK
13 Hochtl, Karl Uffz 7/JG-27 Bf 109E 6/11/1943,Beaufighter Νάουσα
14 Hohls, Wolfgang Lt JG-27 Bf 109E 17/11/1943, Β-25
17/11/1943, P-38 Καλαμάκι Αττικής
15 Heinrich Bartels 11./JG 27 1/10/1943, A-20 Boston Ν.Κως
16 Hoppe, Kurt Ofw 8/JG-27 Bf 109F 8/10/1943, Β-25 Άραξος
GEK 1 & 2
17 Hackenbrosch, Fritz Fw III/ZG-26 Bf 110F-2 Werk # 4581 13/7/1942, Κρήτη
18 Haessler Uffz 4/SAGr-126 Ar 196 1/6/1943, Beaufighter Ηράκλειο Κρήτης
19 Kaiser, Josef Uffz 9/JG-27 Bf 109G Werk # 440305 9/2/1944, 2 Χ Beaufighter Ν.Σάμος
20 Keller, Heinz Uffz 8/JG-27 Bf 109F 18/9/1943, 2 Χ Spitfires Ν.Κως
21 11/JG-27 GEK 1 & 2
21 Kuffner, Werner Oblt 2/JG-27 Bf 109EK 1 & 2 5/10/1943, 2 X B-24 Λιβαδειά
22 Kuhn, Gunther Uffz 1/JG-27 Bf 109G-6 Werk # 163663 31/10/1943, P-38F
17/11/1943, P-38 Καλαμάκι Αττικής
23 Loffler, Hannes (Hans) Lt JG-27 Bf 109G-6 Werk # 412619 22/9/1942, Spitfire Κόλπος Σούδας
27/9/1942, Spitfire N.Kως
30/10/1942, Beaufighter Ν. Καστελόριζο
29/11/1942, Baltimore N.Κως
20/12/1942, Β-17 Μέγαρα
24 Moycis, Rudolf Ofw 9/JG-27 Bf 109G 22/9/1942, Spitfire Ρέθυμνο
7/JG-27 30/9/1942, Spitfire Τυμπάκι
5/10/1943, Β-24 Άμφισσα
31/12/1943, Baltimore Κρήτη
25/2/1944, Β-26 Ν. Λέρος
4/3/1944, Β-26 Κρήτη
25 Muller-Nalbach Lt III/ZG-26 Bf 110C 27/7/1942, Maryland Κρήτη
26 Martin, Paul Uffz 7/JG-27 Bf 109F & G 22/10/1943, P-38 Τανάγρα
6/11/1943, Beaufighter
6/3/1944, B-26 Αντικύθηρα
27 Ottnad, Alexander Lt 8 & 12/JG-27 Bf 109G-6 Werk # 413617 28/10/1943, Maryland Ν.Χάλκη
28 Petermann, Werner Ofw 5/JG-77 Bf 109E-7 Werk # 3487 18/4/1941, Blenheim Αμφίκλεια
29 Pfluger, Werner Uffz 7/JG-27 Bf 109G-6 Werk # 15888 25/2/1944, B-26 Ν.Κως
30 Pothmann, Heinrich Gefr 8/JG-27 Bf 109E 5/11/1943, Beaufighter Ρόδος
10/11/1943, Beaufighter Ν.Κάρπαθος
20/12/1943, P-38 Μέγαρα
 32 Rahm, Gerhard Oblt 5/JG-77 Bf 109E-7 Werk # 4918 15/4/1941, Lysander Λάρισα
 33 Schaffhauser, Karl Fw 7/JG-27 Bf 109G 6/3/1943, B-26 Ν.Άνδρος
 34 Serl Uffz 4/SAGr 129 Fw 190 16/3/1944 Beaufighter “DL-7″
 35 Stuckler, Alfred (Franz) Lt 8/JG-27 Bf 109F & G 8/10/1943, P-38 Αντικύθηρα
 36 Suwelack, Gerhard “Gerd” Lt II/JG-27 Bf 109E 15/11/1973, P-38 Αίγινα
10/JG-27
 37 Ziller, Horst Ofw 10/JG-27 Bf 109G 15/11/1943, P-38 Καλαμάκι
 38 Schmidt, Rudolf Ofw 5/JG-77 25/5/1941, Hurricane Μάλεμε – Κρήτη
7/JG-77 25/5/1941, Blenheim Μάλεμε – Κρήτη
 39 Ullrich, Friedrich Uffz 8/JG-27 Bf 109F & G 28/10/1943, Maryland Ρόδος
5/11/1943, Beaufighter Ρόδος
 40 Wies, Robert Lt III/JG-27 Bf 109G-4 Werk # 1519 13/6/1943, Beaufighter Ζάκυνθος
 41 Werfft, Peter Maj JG-27 Bf 109 20/12/1943, B-17 Μέγαρα

Τελευταία ενημέρωση 11/08/2014 με επιπλέον στοιχεία.

# Pilot Rank Place Score Units Aircraft Notes
1 Baron, Luigi Fw Italy 12 412a, 29o Gruppo (10/40 Greece) CR.42 (10/40), MC.200, MC.205V, Bf 109G
2 Bazzi, Lt Italy 190a Sq (Greece) Cant Z506B (H) (lost 12/30/40) Presumed MIA 30 December, 1940 after being sd at sea off Preveza-Levkas Greece by RCAF F/O W. Richardson of No. 30 Sq. (RCAF Claims List).
3 Bozzi Lt Italy 106 Gruppo (Greece) Z1007 (lost 4/2/41) POW with crew 2 April, 1941 after being shot down in the Gulf of Patras Greece by RCAF F/O Woodward of No. 33 Sq. (RCAF Claims List).
4 Canella, Carlo Oblt Italy 7 412a, 29o Gruppo (10/40 Greece) CR.42, Bf 109G Gained Ace status during the East Africa Campaign. Source: Massimello & Apostolo-Osprey. Bowers/Lednicer, 7 victories.
5 Giardina, Antonio Offz Cand Italy 5 410a 29o Gruppo (10/40 Greece); 300a CR.42 (10/40), MC.200, MC.205V, Fiat G.55, Bf 109G
6 Veronese, Alberto Oblt Italy 6 410A, 29o Gruppo (10/40 Greece); 303a CR.42 (10/40)Fiat G.55, Bf 109G KIA 4 January, 1944 (H. Breuer)
7 Ottnad, Alexander Lt 14 8 & 12/JG-27 (8/44 France) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 440985 “Red 10 + I” (lost 6/7/44), Bf 109G-6 Werk # 413617 “Blue 9 + I” (lost 8/18/44) POW 18 August, 1944 after crashing west of Evreux due to flak. WIA on D-Day, 6 June, 1944. Injured in a transfer flight crash near Crailsheim on 7 June, 1944, no cause reported. 8 bombers. One known victory, his 1st, a Maryland south of Insel Chalkis, west of Rhodes, Greece, 28 October, 1943. His 3rd, a Beaufighter northeast of Insel Gaidaros Greece, 14 November, 1943. His 5th, a B-24 100 km SSW of Marburg on 19 March, 1944. His 6th, a P-38 30 km SW of Graz on 2 April, 1944. His 7th, a B-24 SE of Wiener Neustadt on 12 April, 1944. His 9th, a P-51 25 km N of Neuseidler See on 23 April, 1944. His 10th, a B-17 30 km NE of Frankfurt on 12 May, 1944. His 11th, a B-24 55 km N of Brück-a.d.-Mür on 24 May, 1944. His 14th, a B-24 30 km W of Banja-Lüka on 30 May, 1944.
8 Arnoldy, Hans Jakob Lt Wittlich, Germany 7 4/JG-77 (’39 to 4/41 Balkans) Bf 109E-4 Wk # 5277 “White 5 + _” (5% dam 10/26/40), Bf 109E-4 Wk # 6090 “White 5 + -” (lost 4/15/41) KIA 15 April, 1941 in “Werk # 6090 during aerial combat over Larissa Greece, near the airport. Shot in the chest by Canadian Ace Flt Lt John Mackie of RAF No. 33 Sq.. He bailed safely, but died of his wounds. On 26 October, 1940, he was injured when he crashed in his Wk# 5277 as a result of aerial combat southwest of Bergen Norway. One known victory, his 1st, a Skua at Trondheim, 11 June, 1940. His 2nd & 3rd, both Skua’s at Trondheim, 13 June, 1940. His 4th, a Beaufort SW of Bergen on 26 October, 1940. Several unconfirmed victories. [some confusion over which Wk# SD in 1941]
9 Banke, Christian Oblt 9/StG-2 (Greece) Ju 87B-2 Werk # 5981 “T6 + KT” (lost 4/14/41) KIA 14 April, 1941 in the Mt Olympus area by Hurricanes. Gunner not mentioned.
10 Bauer, Ludwig Oblt 12 7/JG-27 (7/41 S.U & N. Africa), Stab III/JG-27 (7/44 France) Bf 109F, Bf 109G-6 Werk # 165567 RK(7/3/42), DK-G(2/15/43), EP(5/18/42), EK 1 & 2, Wound Badge, Fighter Operational Clasp w/Pend. 879 combat missions by July 1942. His first known victory, a Hudson W of Lister (Norway?) on 31 October, 1940. He was injured in a crash on 24 April, 1941 in his E-4 after being hit by flak in the Athens area. About 70 of his victories were in Russia. One known victory was an I-16 of the 55th Fighter Aviation Regt., shot down 24 July, 1941 during Operation Barbarossa. A Soviet Yak-1 on 23 March, 1942. His 50th, a Soviet fighter on 3 June, 1942 while in 6/JG-77. Numerous victories in the Med. areas. He was the most successful German pilot over Malta. Shot down with wounds by P-38′s in his G-6 on 12 July, 1943 over Gela Sicily. Bailed successfully. His 99th victory, a B-24 over Italy on 29 May, 1944. His 100th victory, a B-24 SE of Pieve Italy on 13 June, 1944. His 101st, a Spitfire at Doesburg on 27 September, 1944. Nominated for the EL. After the war, he was known to have flown for the French in Indochina under the name Dichters Gustav Freytag. Due to failing health, he lives since 1970 in a soldiers home for Legionairres in Puylobier France. Deceased 1 June, 2003 at Laveran Hospital in Marseille. Bowers/Lednicer, 102 victories.
27 Frömming, Gerhard Ofw 8/JG-27 (Greece) Bf 109E-4 Werk # 5072 “Black 8″ (lost 4/6/41)
28 Giese, Hans Uffz 1 7/JG-27 Bf 109F & G One known victory, a Baltimore N of Cape Sparta Greece on 3 March, 1944.
29 Gromotka, Fritz Lt Kronschkow, Poland 28 1/JG-27 (11/41), 6/JG-27 (6/41 S.U.), Stfkpt 9/JG-27 (2/45 to end) Bf 109E-3 “Yellow 10″ (1940), Bf 109E-8 Werk # 4890 “Yellow 2″ (lost 6/25/41-MIA), Bf 109F-4 “Yellow 8″ & Bf 109F-4/Trop Werk # 8548 “Yellow 4 + -” (lost 5/31/42 @ Amut, cause unknown) in 6 Staffel, Bf 109K “Yellow 1″ MIA (briefly) on 25 June, 1941 after being shot down near Minsk; returned OK. With JG-27 the entire war except for interruptions caused by injuries and fighter training schools. Had to bail out five times. 438 combat missions. 9 bombers. His first known Soviet victory, two DB-3′s on 25 June, 1941. One known Desert victory, a Hurricane of RAF No. 208 Sq. near Tobruk on 29 November, 1941. 2 victories in the East. His 15th victory, a Beaufighter west southwest of Karpathos Greece, 10 November, 1943. His 20th, a B-17 NW of Neusiedler on 12 April, 1944. His 25th, a P-47 NE of Lisieux on 10 June, 1944. His 26th, a P-47 at Stadt Gr. Paris on 12 June, 1944. A 27th, a Typhoon S of Evreux on 17 August, 1944. A 28th, a P-47 at Mantes-Meulan on 19 August, 1944. Deceased 2 November, 1979. Photo
30 Grünastel, Franz KIA 13 August, 1943 at Mandra Greece. Jager Blatt 4/2003.
31 Grünert, Walter Fw 4/StG-3 (Greece) Ju 87D-3 Trop Werk # 110287 “S7 + EM” (lost 9/21/43) His D-3 reported lost 21 September, 1943 at Davgata, Insel Kephallonia, crashing due to engine trouble, crew returned. Ju 87 Loss List
32 Hackl, Ernst (Heinz?) Fw 8 12/JG-27 (Balkans) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 140316 (lost 12/16/43)) MIA 16 December, 1943, reason and location unknown. Mombeek. His 1st victory was a B-24 40 km west of Kefallinia, when opposing the Ploesti raid, 1 August, 1943. His 2nd & 3rd, both P-38′s; one south of Aspra Spitia Greece, and the other near Insel Aegina, 15 November, 1943. His 7th, a B-26 10 km south of InselLagosta Italy, 15 December, 1943. His 8th, a P-40 north of Trapanj Albania, 16 December, 1943. OKL names him Ernst on one report, and Heinz on a later report! Mombeek has his name as “Ernst”. Magnus.
33 Hahn, Heinrich Hptm 2/KG-51 (4/41 Greece), Kdr I/KG-51 (2/42 S.U.) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 6330 “9K + EK” lost 4/18/41), Ju 88A-4 Werk # 1050 “9K + FB” (lost 2/3/42) KIC with one other crew 3 February, 1942 at the Tiraspol airfield, no further detail (Ju 88 Loss List). Shotdown with wounds 18 April, 1941 in Wk# 6330 by S/Ldr M. Pattle. DK-G Awards List.
34 Halbohm, Ofw 1 2/SAGr-126 One known victory, a Beaufighter at Map Quadrant 23 East N/57/2/8 (near Greece) on 29 October, 1943
35 Hayessen, Hans Joachim “Hayo” Lt 5 7/JG-27 Bf 109G KIA 23 June, 1944. Magnus. Two known victories, his 1st & 2nd, both Beaufighters near Insel Dia, Crete, on 22 February, 1944. His 3rd, a Baltimore E of Insel Dia, Crete on 23 February, 1944. His 4th & 5th victories, both B-26′s SE of Antikythera Greece on 6 March, 1944. A 6th, thought to be “unconfirmed”, a Baltimore by Insel Dia (Kreta) on 23 April, 1944.
36 Heckmann, Theodor Uffz 5 7/JG-27 (Med) Bf 109F, Bf 109G-6 Werk # 18315 “White 2″ (lost 7/15/43) His G-6 reported lost at Catania on 15 July, 1943, cause and pilot disposition unknown. One known victory, his 1st, a Beaufighter in the Insel Leros Greece area, 5 October, 1943. His 2nd, a P-38 4 km west of koshyta Greece, 8 October, 1943. Magnus Report. Survived the war.
37 Heger, Lt 1 1/JG-53 (9/43) Bf 109G One known victory, his 1st, a B-25 over Greece, 18 September, 1943.
38 Heintzsch, Manfred Lt 4 10/JG-27 (9/43) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 161020 “White 9 + ~” (lost 6/22/44) MIA 22 June, 1944 over northern France, reason unknown. Mombeek. One known victory, his 1st, a Spitfire 8 km northwest of Insel Kos Greece, 18 September, 1943. His 2nd, a B-25 S of Insel Lagosta on 8 January, 1944. His 3rd, a P-47 S of Zivagosta on 12 January, 1944. His 4th, a B-17 NE of Chartres on 14 June, 1944. Alternate spelling: Hientzsch.
39 Hermann, Horst Fw Grossbersteninken, Krs. Tilsit 3 2/StG-2 (4/41 Greece), 5/StG-2, 2/SG-2 Ju 87B-2 Werk # 0599 “T6 + LK” (lost 4/24/41), Fw 190F Shot down by flak 24 April, 1941 at Patras, returned 30 April (Ju 87 Loss List). 729 missions including 250 with the Fw 190.
40 Herrmann, Hans-Joseph “Hajo” Obstlt Kiel 9 III/KG-4 (9/39 Poland), Stfkpt 7/KG-4 (7/40), Stfkpt 7/KG-30 (4/41), Kdr III/KG-30 (7/42), 9th Flieger Div., Kdr JG-300 (6/43), Insp.of Air Def. Ju 88A-1 Werk # 5128 “5J + AR” (gear collapsed 10/19/40) in KG-4, Ju 88A-4 “4D + AD” & “4D + AR” (11/41 in KG-30), Bf 109G, Bf 109T-1 (lost 8/20/43), Fi 156C-3 & a Fw 190A-4 (lost 9/5/43) All 9 were RAF Bombers. The inventor of the “Wilde Sau” System, 26 June, 1943. EL 8/2/43. The use of single-engine fighters for night operations. Very costly in terms of pilots and AC. Herrmann came to fighters from bombers. The Bf 109T-1 was the type destined for use on the carrier Graff Zepplin, however this project was cancelled by order of Hitler. In January, 1944, he was appointed Kdr of Jagddivision 30, over all three of the Wilde Sau units, 300, 301 & 302. In March 1945, he commanded Sonderkommando-Elbe, a Bf 109 unit whose purpose was to ram Allied bombers. Only about 24 successful attacks were recorded. About 370 combat missions, serving in Spain, Poland, Norway, France Malta and Greece, before founding the Wilde Sau Units. Sank 12 Soviet convoy ships, about 65,000BRT. Also known to have flown Fw 190A-5 “Black 1″ as Kdr JG-300. Spent ten long years in Russian captivity. Released with Hartmann, Graf, Wiese and Hans Baur. Photo & Hoehler Personality Photo/Profile. Deceased 11/5/2010 Düsseldorf.
41 Herweg, Jakob Uffz 9/JG-27 (Pelepones Greece 1943) Bf 109G Killed in 1943 during a B-25 bombing attack on his airfield at Argo, along the east coast of Pelepones. He was killed by bomb splinters. Jager Blatt 5/2002.
42 Hetzler, Hans Lt 1 12/JG-27 (11/43 Aegean), 11/JG-27 (7/44) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 140xxx (lost 11/17/43), Bf 109G-6 (lost 7/27/44) MIA 27 July, 1944 after a collision in flight, E of Granville, 25 km NNW of Avranches. Mombeek. WIA 17 November, 1943 during aerial combat at Aegina. One known victory, his 1st, a Spitfire 1 km west southwest Of Insel Kos Greece, 19 September, 1943.
43 Heyking, Rudiger von Obstlt Transport Commander, Greece Ju 52
44 Höchtl, Karl Uffz 1 7/JG-27 Bf 109 One known victory, his 1st, a Beaufighter southeast of Naousa, west of Salonika Greece, 6 November, 1943.
45 Hohls, Wolfgang Lt 2 11/JG-27 Bf 109 One known victory, his 1st, a B-25 west of Krapias Greece, 17 November, 1943. His 2nd, the same day, a P-38 northeast of Kalamaki Greece.
46 Holtgreve, Willi Fw III/StG-77 (Greece) Ju 87B-1 Werk # 5217 “F1 + KP” (lost 4/10/41) KIA with unnamed crew 10 April, 1941 at Lamia, cause inknown. Ju 87 Loss List
47 Hoppe, Kurt Ofw 5 8/JG-27 (Russia), 8/JG-27 (Greece 10/43) Bf 109F & G Reported MIA, date unknown. His first known Soviet victory, his first victory, a SB-2 at Grodno on 24 June, 1941. Another Soviet victory, a Pe-2 of the 411th Bomber Aviation Regt. on 22 July, 1941 north of Yartsevo, as they attempted to bomb the Shatalovo airfield between Smolensk and Roslavl S.U.. His 5th victory, a B-25 15 km north of Araxos Greece, 8 October, 1943.
48 Joannides, Ernst von Lt Austria 6 7/JG-27 (7/41 S.U.), 9/JG-53 (2/43 Sicily; 12/43; 1/44 Italy), Stffüh 5/JG-1 (11/44-1/45 Drope) Bf 109F in JG-27, Bf 109G-4 Trop Werk # 16212 (80% dam 2/16/43; WIA, engine dam, crashed N of Sta.Croce), Bf 109G-6 Werk # 160656 “Yellow 5 + I” (lost 1/25/44; WIA own flak, weather flt near Savona), Fw 190A-8 Werk # 739429 “White 1″ (lost 1/1/45) KIA 1 January, 1945, after strafing St Denis Westrem, he was shot down by Spitfires of RAF No. 308 Sq. north of Kloosterzande, northeast of Terneuzen. Buried Ysselsteyn, Block CS/7/168. His first known Soviet victory, a SB-2 on 27 July, 1941. A 2nd & 3rd Soviet, a SB-2 and an I-18 on 28 July, 1941. One known western victory, a B-24 32 km south southwest of Padua Italy, 28 December, 1943. A 2nd, a B-24 opposing the Misburg Raid on 26 November, 1944. A 3rd, a P-51 opposing the Berlin-Münster Raid on 5 December, 1944. It has been suggested that he was born in Greece. Alternate spelling: Johannides Bf 109 Loss List).
49 Jordan, Franz Fw Stab/JG-27 (Greece ’41) Bf 109E KIA April 1941 during the campaign in Greece. Served under the command of Obstlt. Wolfgang Schellmann.
50 Jung, Berthold Oblt 6 Stfkpt 5/JG-77 (12/39)) Bf 109E-7 Werk # 4173 “Black 13 + -” (lost 5/20/41) POW 20 May, 1941 after being hit by flak and ditching along the Crete coastline. Served in Yugoslavia and Greece in 1941. Known to have “damaged” a Wellington 20 km northwest of Borkum, 18 December, 1939. His first victory, a Hampden on 21 June, 1940, no location, but most likely in the Hardanger-Fjord area. Nos 2 & 3, both Blenheims NW of Stavanger on 9 July, 1940. His 4th, a Blenheim in the Stavanger area on 20 October, 1940. His 5th, a Hurricane at Belgrad on 6 April, 1941. A Lysander, said to be his 6th victory, on 15 April, 1941 at Larissa.
51 Keller, Heinz Uffz 3 8/JG-27 (9/42), 11/JG-27 (9/43) Bf 109F & G One known victory, a P-40 of SAAF No. 4 Sq., 8 km southwest of El Alamein on 20 September, 1942. His 2nd & 3rd, both Spitfires, 6 km north northwest of Insel Kos Greece, 18 September, 1943.
52 Kluss, Alfred Uffz 9/JG-27 (Greece), Bf 109G-6 Werk # 160330 “Yellow 6 + I” (lost 10/5/43) MIA 5 October, 1943 during aerial combat N of the Gulf of Patras. Mombeek
53 Küffner, Werner Oblt 2 12/JG-27 Bf 109 One known victory, his 1st, a B-24 5 km southwest of Marakantrou Greece, 5 October, 1943. His 2nd victory, although labeled HSS, was a B-24 east of Lebadeia Greece, 5 October, 1943.
54 Kühn, Günther Uffz 3 11/JG-27 (France) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 163663 “Red 3 + ~” (lost 6/10/44) MIA 10 June, 1944 during aerial combat SE of Caen. Mombeek. One known victory, his 1st, a P-38F over Cape Ronodit (Greece?), 31 October, 1943. His 2nd, a P-38 20 km southeast of Kalamaki Greece, 15 November, 1943. His 3rd, a P-38 southeast of Kalamaki Greece, 17 November, 1943. Alternate spelling: Kuhn.
55 Lange, Franz Heinz Hptm 2 6/JG-77, Kdr II/JG-77 (4/41) Bf 109E (lost 5/27/40), Bf 109E-7 Werk # 5261 (lost 4/23/41) KIA 23 April, 1941 after being hit by flak at Koropi Greece. WIA 27 May, 1940 during aerial combat at Stavanger Norway, his AC reported 100% destroyed. Source: SIG Norway. One known victory, his 1st, a Wellington north of Langeoog, 18 December, 1939. His 2nd, a Hampden southwest of Kristiansand, 12 April, 1940.
56 Lange, Georg Lt 7(F)/LG-2 (Greece) Bf 110C-5 Werk # 2299 “L2 + MR” (lost 4/13/41) MIA with unnamed crew 13 April, 1941 at Mt Olympus (Katerini-Volos). Shot down by F/O Wickham of No. 33 Sq.. Bf 110 Loss List
57 Leffler, Georg Gefr IV/LG-1 (Greece) Ju 88A-4 Werk # 5624 “L1 + NV” (lost 3/16/43) MIA with unnamed crew at Sedes-Ithaka-Efstratios- Saloniki 16 March, 1943, cause unknown (Ju 88 Loss List).
58 Leinfelder, Georg Ofw 5/ZG-26 (Greece) Bf 110E Werk # 4272 “3U + FN” (lost 4/20/41) KIA with unnamed crew 20 April, 1941; shot down by Britsh fighters at Piräus. Bf 110 Loss List
59 Lettenmair, Karl Fw Vienna Sturzkampffliegerschule 2 (1/43), 2/SG-3 Greece & Finland ’43-’44) Ju 87D-5, Fw 190F-8 MIA in Finland 23 June, 1944. Karl was the Brother-in-Law to Hermann Paul Meyer, a student pilot, KIC 27 September, 1940, as reported by Meyer’s Nephew, Raymond Marina via WaSt detail. Initial information found on the DK-G Awards List.
60 Löffler, Hannes (Hans) Lt 11 9/JG-27 (9/42), 7/JG-27 (12/43), 9/JG-27 (5/44 France) Bf 109F & G (Trop), Bf 109G-6 Werk # 412619 “Yellow 3 + I” (lost 6/29/44) MIA 29 June, 1944 near southwest Paris, reason unknown. Mombeek. Magnus. One known victory, a Spitfire south of Suda-Bucht on 22 September, 1942. WIA 31 October, 1942 during aerial combat with British fighters, but managed to return to base. His 2nd, a Spitfire 15 km northwest of Insel Kos Greece, 27 September, 1943. His 3rd, a Beaufighter south of Castelrosso (Italy or Greece?), 30 October, 1943. Credited with a B-24 “separated from the formation” on 2 November, 1943, near Wiener Neustadt. His 4th (official), a Baltimore east of Insel Kos Greece, 29 November, 1943. His 5th, a B-17 north northwest of Megara Greece, 20 December, 1943. His 6th, a B-24 at St. Margarethen in Lavantthal on 2 April, 1944. His 7th, a B-17 10 km ESE of Raab (Györ) on 13 April, 1944. His 8th, a B-17 (HSS) 50 km NE of Frankfurt on 12 May, 1944. His 9th, same day, another B-17 (HSS) 35 km NE of Hanau. His 10th, a B-24 at Hochschwab on 24 May, 1944. His 11th, a B-24 20 km from Hochschwab on 24 May, 1944.
61 Loos, Lothar Uffz Fliegerkorps X Gotha 242 “TD + IT” (9/41), Gotha 242 “NL + GC”, “TK + ES” & “GF + VC” (S.U. ’43) Beginning in September 1941, he flew 31 known supply missions to Crete, Greece and Africa, receiving the EK 2 for his performance. He then served in Russia, and flew another 23 known supply missions, including five to Cholm. Judging from a photo in his album, he may have crashed a Gotha 242 “DM + XR” on 5 May, 1943. Prior to his Luftwaffe service, he was in the HJ, DLV and NSFK. Identified in a photo album, numerous documents and his Flugbuch found online.
62 Mamais, Nikolaos Lt Goerlitz Flight Instr until 1944, “Flugzeugführer” in JG-2 Fw 190A Participated in Operation Bodenplatte, 1 January, 1945. Of Greek descent; flew in the Luftwaffe. His father was a WWI POW in a camp in Goerlitz Germany, where Nikolaos was born. He apparently went by a German name of Heinz Geisse or Geise. Jager Blatt 6/2001 & 1/2002. A Greek historian/author, Kyriakos Paloulian, informed me that Mamais was killed in a plane crash at Aigion Greece in 1976!
63 Mannchen, Alfred Fw 6 1/JG-77 (10/43 Italy), 16/JG-27 (10/44 Reich Def)) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 410026 “White 15″ (dam 11/19/43), Bf 109G-10 Werk # 130361 “”Blue 2 + ~” (lost 1/1/45) KIA 1 January, 1945, during Operation Bodenplatte, by “friendly ” AA fire as he was attempting to intercept B-25′s in the Melsbroek sector. He was too low to bail out, and suffered the same fate as many on this date! His G-10 crashed at Utrecht Holland (DeSwart). Buried Ysselsteyn, Block BX/7/152 (Rosseels). WIA 19 November, 1943 during aerial combat SSW of Cassino. One known victory, his 1st, a P-51 2 km south of Civita Casteliano (Italy or Greece?), 28 October, 1943. His 4th, a P-51 at Leipzig-Halle on 2 November, 1944. A 5th, a Lancaster at Bottrop-Recklinghausen on 12 December, 1944.
64 Martin, Paul Uffz 5 7/JG-27 Bf 109F & G One known victory, his 1st, a P-38 southeast of Tanagra Greece, 22 October, 1943. His 2nd, a Beaufighter southeast of Tripidos Greece, 6 November, 1943. His 3rd, a B-26 SW of Antikythera Greece on 6 March, 1944. Magnus Report, 5 victories. Three of his victories were in another unknown unit as only two victories were scored while in JG-27, per the JG-27 Chronik/H.Breuer.
65 Menge, Heinrich Lt II/KG-26 (Kalamaki Greece) He 111H-6 (lost 10/6/41) MIA 6 October, 1941 during an attack on the HMS Thistlegorm in the Suez Canal. Remaining crew ((MIA): Fw Aloys Jaster, Uffz Erwin Schmidt, Uffz Johannes Haubold and Ogefr Johann Späth. Source; V. Parlevliet
66 Meyn, Wilhelm Oblt Hamburg 26 Erg/StG-3, 7/StG-3, Adj. III/StG-3, Stafkpt 8/SG-3, Stafkpt 9/SG-3 Ju 87, Fw 190F-8 with 9/SG-3 British POW 8 May 1945 and released 16 August, 1945. 721 combat missions. Shot down seven times with one bailout. All aerial victories in the East. Saw action in Italy, Croatia, Greece, Russia, Kuban and Krimea. 721 missions as Stuka and Assault pilot, including 281 in the Fw 190. Deceased 4 May, 2002 Hoppstädten-Weiersbach (P. Bastin).
67 Moycis, Rudolf Ofw 9 9/JG-27 (Crete Schwarm 9/42), 7/JG-27 (10/43; 4/44 Crete), 10/JG-27 (10/44 Reich Def) Bf 109F & G (Trop), Bf 109G-6 Werk # ? “White 9 + I” (Crete, Spring, 1944), Bf 109G-14 Werk # 784020 “Red 1 + I” (lost 10/20/44) KIA 12 October, 1944 during aerial combat east of Benerode. Shot down 5 July, 1942 by a P-40 of SAAF No. 2 Sq., piloted by either Lt Burdon or Lt Bryant. He force landed 8 miles E of El Alamein. One known victory, a Spitfire of RAF No. PRU 2, piloted by Flt Lt Day, north of Rethymon N. Africa on 22 September, 1942. Another Spitfire of PRU 2, piloted by P/O Leng (POW), over Tymbaktion, S. Crete on 30 September, 1942. His 3rd, a B-24 10 km west of Amfissa Greece, 5 October, 1943. His 4th, a Baltimore north of Insel Crete, 31 December, 1943. A 5th, a B-26 10 km W of Insel Leros (Greece) on 25 February, 1944. A 6th, a B-26 in northern Crete on 4 March, 1944. A 7th & 8th, both SM 84′s (?) 30 km NE of Brindisi on 14 May, 1944. A 9th, a P-51 NW of Meru on 18 August, 1944.
68 Mühlbauer, Otto Uffz 2 8/JG-27 (9/43 Greece; 7/44 France) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 15993 (lost 9/28/43), Bf 109G-6 Werk # 161771 “Red 8 + I” (lost 7/2/44) WIA 2 July, 1944 during aerial combat 15km south of Caen, bailed safely. Injured in a crash SE of Athens on 28 September, 1943 due to engine trouble. One known victory, his 1st, a B-24 50 km N of Brück-a.d.-Mür on 24 May, 1944. His 2nd, a B-24 (HSS) 50 km N of Brück-a.d.-Mür, later same day. Deceased 4 August, 1998.
69 Müller-Nalbach, Lt 1 III/ZG-26 Bf 110C One known Desert victory, a Maryland on a reconnaissance mission between Greece and Crete on 27 July, 1942.
70 Pasewaldt, Georg Dr. Obstlt Kdr I/KG-26, Kdr KG-40 (repl Edgar Petersen 9/41-12/41), Kdr KG-2 (4/42) Fw 200C in KG-26, He 111H in KG-40, Do 217 E & K in KG-2 Numerous anti-shipping operations in the Suez Canal area and the waters off Greece. Alternate spelling: Pasewalt.
71 Patz, Werner Hptm 1 II/JG-77 (4/41), Adj/JG-26 (4/42), Stfkpt 11/JG-26 (12/42), Operational Trng Unit-Merville 4/43 Bf 109E-7 Werk # 5272 (40% dam 4/19/41), Fw 190A-1 & 2, Bf 109G-1 & G-4 in 11 Staffel WIA 19 April, 1941 after being hit by flak and belly landing at Larissa Greece. Replaced Lt Paul Schauder as Stfkpt 11/JG-26 when Scauder went to the Staff/JG-26 in January, 1943.
72 Pflüger, Werner Uffz 1 7/JG-27 (Med) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 15888 “White 5 + I” (lost 2/25/44) MIA 25 February, 1944 during aerial combat 20 km SSW of Pointe de Cos (Rosseels & Bf 109 Loss List). This, the same day as his first known victory! One known victory, perhaps his 1st, a B-26 8 km W of Insel Kos (Greece) on 25 February, 1944.
73 Plieberschok, Reinhold Fw 1?NJG-3 (Greece) BF 110E-1 Werk # 3956 (lost 6/18/41) KIC with unnamed crew 18 June, 1941; crashed on takeoff from the Argos airfield. Bf 110 Loss List
74 Pothmann, Heinrich Gefr 3 8/JG-27 Bf 109 One known victory, his 1st, a Beaufighter southwest of Gadurra, off Rhodes Greece, 5 November, 1943. His 2nd, a Beaufighter west of Karpathos Greece, 10 November, 1943. His 3rd, a P-38 northof Megara Greece, 20 December, 1943.
75 Reichardt, Edmund Oblt 3/StG-3 (Greece), 9/StG-3 (10/43 S.U.) Ju 87R-2 Werk # 5904 “S1 + LL” (lost 4/23/41), ju 87D-5 Werk # 130887 (lost 10/2/43) KIA with unnamed crew 2 October, 1943 by flak in Map Quad Pl.Qu. 7671. Wk# 5904 reported lost at Chalkie on 23 April, 1941, crew returned. Ju 87 Loss List
76 Rödel, Wilhelm Uffz 3/ZG-26 (Greece) Bf 110E Werk # 3638 “U8 + AL” (lost 4/26/41) KIA with crew 26 April, 1941, crashed near Larissa, apparently hit by AA fire. Bf 110 Loss List
77 Rohwerder, Oblt 1 2/SAGr-126 Fw 190A One known victory, a Beaufighter over Greece on 6 September, 1944.
78 Schaffhauser, Karl Fw 1 7/JG-27 (Greece), 12/JG-27 (3/45 Reich Def) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 160074 “White 8 + I” (10/5/43), Bf 109K-4 Werk # 331489 (70% dam 2/6/45), Bf 109K-4 Werk # 331458 “Blue 13 + I” (lost 3/2/45) KIA 2 March, 1945 during aerial combat near Saerbeck, and buried in Saerbeck with comrade, Erich Schulz. His Wk# 331489 was damaged in a crash at Hesepe on 6 February, 1945 due to engine trouble. His “White 8 was reported lost at Atalante/Theben area on 5 October, 1943. He was captured by partisans, but escaped later.One known victory, a B-26 on 6 March, 1944 SE of Insel Lower Andros Greece.
79 Schaible, Hans Oblt 7/KG-30 (Greece) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 8135 “4D + JR” (lost 4/11/41) MIA with unnamed crew 11 April, 1941, probably shot down by S/L Pattle of No. 33 Sq., location not reported (Ju 88 Loss List).
80 Schmidt, Armin Oblt 4 Stfkpt & T/O 6(J)/TrGr-186 (12/39), Stfkpt 9/JG-77 (4/41) Bf 109E-1 “Yellow 14″ (dam 12/39), Bf 109E-7 Werk # 3401 (lost 4/19/41) KIA 19 April, 1941 during aerial combat with Hurricanes northeast of Lamia Greece; promoted to Hptm postumously on 1 July, 1943 (D.Stankey & L.DeZeng). Crashed his E-1 at Nordholz Germany in December, 1939; he was uninjured. This “Yellow 14″ may have been the mount of Reinhold Schmetzer. One known victory, his 1st, a Blenheim into the North Sea, north of Borkum, 11 May, 1940. His 2nd, a Bf 109E (Finnish?) at Belgrad on 6 April, 1941.
81 Schmitz, Günther Lt 34 7/JG-77 (1/42 S.U.), Kdr III/JG-77 (7/44 Romania) Bf 109E, F, Bf 109G-6 Werk # 166072 “White 8″ (50% dam 7/28/44) POW 28 August, 1944; shot down with wounds, aerial combat. WIA 28 July, 1944 during aerial combat west of Bukarest, crashed west of Titu. His first known Soviet victory, an I-153 on 15 January, 1942. Two MiG-3′s on 13 May, 1942. In the Italian theater, a known victory, a P-40 oversouthern Italy, 28 August, 1943. His 26th victory, a B-17 east of Cremona Greece, 6 October, 1943. His 27th, a B-17 25 km south of Insel Garglio Italy, 14 October, 1943. His 28th, a B-17 over Romania on 15 April, 1944. Two B-24′s 10 km S of Bucharest on 21 April, 1944. A B-17 on 24 April, 1944. His 30th, a P-38 S of Titü, in the Balkans, on 10 June, 1944 OKL numbering must be incorrect here). His 31st & 32nd, both B-24′s in the Buschuk Bulgaria area on 11 June, 1944. His 33rd, a B-24 (HSS) at Liegeplatz: Mizil-Rum on 22 July, 1944. His 34th, a B-24 over the Balkans on 28 July, 1944. Alternate spelling: Schmidt (OKL B-24 victories 21 April, 1944).
82 Schwärzel, Günther Hptm Hamburg-Altona Bombers, III/StG-2, Stfkpt 9/StG-2 (Greece/Crete), Stfkpt 8/StG-2, Kdr III/StG-2 Ju 87R-2 Werk # unk “T6 + AT” (’41) On 24 September, 1942, he was critically wounded by a machine gun bullet 1 km northeast of Olkhovatka Russia, and died two days later at the Kursk Field Hospital. 300 missions with the Ju 87.
83 Seeliger, Walter Lt 2/StG-1 (Greece), II/StG-3 (4/42 Africa) Ju 87B-2 Werk # 5889 “A5 + EK” (lost), Ju 87R-2 Trop Werk # 6189 (65% dam 4/15/42) He and his unnamed R/O were injured in a crash landing at the Cirene airfield on 15 April, 1942 due to a technical failure. He was known to have been shot down by an Allied fighter near Tricala, date unknown, and returned, a Fhr at the time. Ju 87 Loss List
84 Serl, Uffz 1 4/SAGr 129 Fw 190A One known victory, a Beaufighter “DL-7″ over Greece on 16 March, 1944.
85 Sorg, Engelbert Uffz Mark Oberdorf Flugzeugführer in a Transport Squadron Ju 523/m KIA 15 September, 1944 during an enemy fighter attack over Greece. Buried in the German War Graves Dionyssos-Rapendoza in Koccinia, near Athens Greece, Grave 3, Row 10, Platt 1. His R/O, Ogefr Jakob Streifeneder (geb 3/2/1923), was also killed in the attack. Information found on his Obituary Notice.
86 Specka, Kurt Oblt 5/ZG-26 (Greece) Bf 110E Werk # 4299 “3U + EN” (lost 4/20/41) KIA with unnamed crew 20 April, 1941, downed by British fighters at Piräus. Bf 110 Loss List
87 Spieth, Albert Ofw Altbach / Esslingen 3/KG-51 (Greece), 10/KG-51 (2/43) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 4326 “9K + JL” (lost 4/24/41) KIA 4 October, 1943 in area of Bobruisk Russia during a Soviet air raid on the airfield. His Wk# 4326 developed engine trouble and came down in the sea east of Euboea. Remaining crew (all rescued): Uffz Wilhelm Welling, Obs; Uffz Arthur Stranz, R/O and Uffz Werner naas, GNR.. 303 combat missions. Source: Kaiser RK book.
88 Stadler, Franz Uffz Austria 1 EJG Süd, 7/JG-77 (2/44 Greece), 5/JG-51 (5/45) Bf 109G-5 “White 3″ in JG-77 In Greece, he was posted at the Cretan airfield of Kastelli. One known victory, an SM 84 (?) 30 km NE of Brindisi Italy on 14 May, 1944. Flugbuch.
89 Stahl, Erhard Oblt Nonnenweiher bei Lahr 3/LG-1 (4/41 Greece) Ju 88A-4 Trop Werk # 5571 “L1 + JL” (lost 3/22/42) KIC with two other unnamed crew on 22 March, 1942, in the eastern Mediterranean for reasons unrelated to combat. His Observer, Lt Wolfgang Bartels was rescued. Remaining crew (KIC): Ofw Heinz Kasparek, R/O and Ogefr Hans Dieter Behrens, Gnr.. Stahl’s body washed up near Pyrgos Greece on 17 May, 1942. He was buried in local Italian military cemetery. (Ju 88 Loss list & Kaiser RK book). 155 combat missions. Destroyed 50 vehicles. Kaiser RK book.
90 Steinberg, Rolf Uffz 9/JG-27 (Greece) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 140079 “Yellow 2 + I” (lost 12/14/43) MIA 14 December, 1943 during aerial combat near Caparamythia. Mombeek.
91 Stry, Herbert Oblt Kreuzburg Oberschlesien I/StG-162, II/StG-2, Stfkpt 7/StG-3 (9/43 Greece) Ju 87R-4 “S7 + CR” (this may be a D-1), Ju 87D-3 (Trop) Werk # 110285 S7 + CP” (lost 9/21/43) KIA 21 September, 1943 during a diving attack on Italian Badoglia forces, when his own bomb exploded in mid air over Davgata, Insel Kephallonia, on the Greek west coast. Channel pilot. Particularly successful against shipping. Kriegsbericher Hanns Gross was known to fly R/O with Stry.
92 Stückler, Alfred (Franz) Lt 10 8/JG-27 (9/42 Africa; 5/44 Reich Def) Bf 109F-4 (Trop) Werk # 7278 (’42), Bf 109G-6 Werk # 440697 “Red 3 + I” (lost 5/12/44) KIA 12 May, 1944 during aerial combat at Alsfeld/Oberhessen. One known victory, a P-40 west of El Hammam on 4 September, 1942. His 2nd was another P-40 in the El Alamein area on 15 September, 1942. His 3rd victory was a B-24 between Sollum and Benghazi on 4 November, 1942. His 4th victory, in Sicily, a Beaufighter 35 km west of Insel Zakinthos on 13 June, 1943. His 5th, a P-38 15 km south of Antikythera, Greece, 8 October, 1943. His 6th, a Manchester 40 km southwest of Pthymi Greece, 8 October, 1943. His 9th, a B-24 35 km SW of Marburg on 19 March, 1944. His 10th, a P-38 at Kainbach, by Graz, 2 April, 1944. Named “Franz” on the Bowers/Lednicer Ace Pilot List.
93 Stütz, Karl Uffz 2/LG-1 (Greece) Ju 88A Werk # 0620 “L1 + SK” (lost 4/15/41) MIA with two other unnamed crew 15 April, 1941, probably shot down by a Blenheim of No. 30 Sq., one other crew KIA (Ju 88 Loss List).
94 Suwelack, Gerhard “Gerd” Lt 6 Stab II/JG-27 (5/43), 10/JG-27 (10/43), JG-7 Bf 109G (Trop), Bf 109G, Me 262 One known Desert victory, a P-38 25 km west southwest of Marettimo on 10 May, 1943. His 2nd, a P-38 south of Strand Dulcino, near Montenegro, Yugoslavia, 25 October, 1943. His 3rd, a P-38 southwest of Insel Aegina Greece, 15 November, 1943. His 4th, a B-24 (HSS) west of Magdeburg on 19 May, 1944. A B-24 at Bürck-sur-Mür on 24 May, 1944. His 6th, a P-47 at Angers on 24 June, 1944. Alternate spelling: Suwelak (Magnus) & Suwelach (H. Breuer).
95 Uhlick, Johannes Uffz 1/KG-51 (Greece) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 6322 “9K + FH” (lost 4/16/41) KIA with unnamed crew 16 April, 1941; sd NE of Poltika (Volos), probably the victim of F/O Graham of No. 80 Sq. (Ju 88 Loss List).
96 Ullrich, Friedrich FhjUffz 4 8/JG-27 (Reich Def) Bf 109F, Bf 109G-6 Werk # 165084 “Red 1 + I” (lost 5/19/44) KIA 19 May, 1944 during aerial combat at Salzwedel. One known victory, his 1st, a Maryland south of Insel Rhodes Greece, 28 October, 1943. His 2nd, a Beaufighter south of Gadurra, off Rhodes Greece, 5 November, 1943. His 3rd, a B-24 30 km N of Steyr on 2 April, 1944. His 4th, a B-17 (HSS) on 12 May, 1944, no location. Alternate spelling: Ulrich.
97 Weiting, Hans Oblt X Fl. Korps (Greece) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 6349 (lost 6/29/41) KIC 29 June, 1941 when he struck the ground.
98 Wendler, Hans Lt 1(H)/14 Hs 126 Werk # 3154 “5F + AH” (lost 4/14/41) KIA 14 April, 1941; shot down by a Greek PZL in the Elanon-Larissa area of Greece. His unnamed Observer was listed as MIA. Obs Loss List
99 Werfft, Peter Dr. Maj Vienna, Austria 26 1/JG-27 (7/41), 7/JG-27 (10/42), Stafkpt 9/JG-27 (4/44 Reich Def), Kdr III/JG-27 (10/44) Bf 109E-7/Trop “White 6″ in 1/JG-27, Bf 109F & G(Trop) in 7 Staffel, Bf 109G-6 Wk# 441090 “Yellow 1 + I” (5/19/44) WIA 19 May, 1944 in “Yellow 1″ by US Bomber return fire, after downing a B-24. One of the oldest operational fighter pilots. All victories in the West. His first, two Hurricanes, one at Sevenoaks, the other N of Brighton, on 27 September, 1940. 14 bombers. One known victory, a Boston III northwest of Moschee El-Daba on 26 October, 1942. Another victory, a Spitfire 25 km southeast of El Alamein on 2 November, 1942. His 10th victory, a B-17 northeast of Megara Greece, 20 December, 1943. His 14th & 15th, both B-24′s, one NW of Stolpberg, the other W of Lavantthal Tür, on 2 April, 1944. His 20th, a B-17 30 km ENE of Hanau on 12 May, 1944. Another source carries his surname as Werfft-Wessely. Deceased 1970. Photo
100 Westen, Helmut Oblt 6/KG-51 (12/40 Channel; 4/41 Greece) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 4151 “??” (80% dam 12/12/40), Ju 88A-5 Werk # 8201 “9K + LP” (lost 4/12/41) MIA in Wk# 8201 with his Observer Hptm Jürgen Berlin and one other unnamed crew 12 April, 1941 in the Banja-Luka area; sd by a Hurricane, one other crew KIA (Ju 88 Loss List). He and his unnamed crew were injured in Wk# 4151 12 December, 1940 making an emergency landing near Dieppe due to bad weather (Ju 88 Loss List).
# Pilot* (↑) Rank Place Score Units Aircraft Notes
101 Wilde, Hans Oblt Stfkpt 8/StG-77 (Greece) Ju 87B-1 Werk # 5596 “F1 + AN” (lost 4/22/41) MIA with unnamed crew 22 April, 1941 after making an emergency landing at Eleusis. Ju 87 Loss List
102 Wilhus, Hermann Fw 1(H)/23 Hs 126 Werk # 3442 “6K + AH” (lost 4/19/41) MIA 14 April, 1941; shot down in the Lamia-Furka area of Greece, by ac of RCAF F/O Woodward of No 33 Sq. led by S/L Pattle. The unnamed crew were also MIA. Obs Loss List
103 Wimmer, Max Lt 8/KG-30 (Greece) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 8169 “4D + FS” (lost 4/11/41) MIA with unnamed crew at Salamis 11 April, 1941, probably shot down by S/L Pattle of No. 33 Sq. (Ju 88 Loss List).
104 Wortmann, Heinz Uffz 1/StG-2 (Greece) Ju 87B-2 Werk # 5615 “T6 + JH” (lost 4/24/41) Shot down 24 April, 1941 by flak at Patras, returned 30 April. Ju 87 Loss List
105 Ziegler, Werner Lt 2/LG-1 (4/41 Greece; 3/42 Africa) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 5235 “L1 + UK” (lost 4/20/41), Ju 88A-4 Trop Werk # 5548 “L1 + FK” (lost 3/5/42) KIA 5 March, 1942 at Fuka, three other unnamed crew MIA, cause unknown (Ju 88 Loss List). Shot down on 20 April, 1941 by RAF fighters, crew returned except for one KIA, who was unnamed. Ziegler an Ofhr at the time.
106 Ziller, Horst Ofw 1 10/JG-27 Bf 109G One known victory, his 1st, a P-38 southeast of Kalamaki Greece, 15 November, 1943. Magnus Report, 8 victories.
107 Albert, Gerhard Uffz III/JG-27 (Agean Sea) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 27174 (lost 11/10/43) KIA 10 November, 1943 during aerial combat in the area of Insel Leros.
108 Dobrawa, Otto Oblt III/LG-1 (Germany 9/43), I/LG-1 (Agean Sea 11/43) Ju 88A-4 Werk # 300209 “??” (lost 9/7/43), Ju 88A-4 Werk # 550394 “L1 + JS” (lost 11/10/43) KIA with unnamed crew over the island Kos-Leros 10 November, 1943, cause unknown (Ju 88 Loss List). Injured with two other unnamed crew in a crash near Paderborn7 September, 1943, cause not reported (Ju 88 Loss List).
109 Firlus, Alfons Lt Einsatzkampfgr. Ju 88 (Aegean) Ju 88A-4 Werk # 5716 “K5 + FJ” (lost 10/24/43) MIA with unnamed crew at Samos-Leros-Turkische Grenze 24 October, 1943, cause unknown (Ju 88 Loss List).
110 Franke, Martin Lt 5/KG-51 (Med) JU 88A-4 Werk # 800362 (or 800632) “9K + CN” (lost 11/16/43) MIA with unnamed crew on the island of Leros 16 November, 1943, cause unknown (Ju 88 Loss List).
111 Heckmann, Theodor Uffz 5 7/JG-27 (Med) Bf 109F, Bf 109G-6 Werk # 18315 “White 2″ (lost 7/15/43) His G-6 reported lost at Catania on 15 July, 1943, cause and pilot disposition unknown. One known victory, his 1st, a Beaufighter in the Insel Leros Greece area, 5 October, 1943. His 2nd, a P-38 4 km west of koshyta Greece, 8 October, 1943. Magnus Report. Survived the war.
112 Kley, Werner Lt Einsatzkampfgr. Ju 88 (Aegean) Ju 88A-4 Werk # 1267 “K5 + AL” (lost 10/24/43) MIA with unnamed crew at Samos-Ikara-Leros 24 October, 1943 due to engine trouble (Ju 88 Loss List).
113 Merva, Gregor Uffz 11/ZG-26 (Med) Ju 88C-6 Werk # 750908 “3U + JV” (lost 11/12/43) MIA with one other unnamed crew at Leros 12 November, 1943, cause unknown, one other crew KIA (Ju 88 Loss List).
114 Moycis, Rudolf Ofw 9 9/JG-27 (Crete Schwarm 9/42), 7/JG-27 (10/43; 4/44 Crete), 10/JG-27 (10/44 Reich Def) Bf 109F & G (Trop), Bf 109G-6 Werk # ? “White 9 + I” (Crete, Spring, 1944), Bf 109G-14 Werk # 784020 “Red 1 + I” (lost 10/20/44) KIA 12 October, 1944 during aerial combat east of Benerode. Shot down 5 July, 1942 by a P-40 of SAAF No. 2 Sq., piloted by either Lt Burdon or Lt Bryant. He force landed 8 miles E of El Alamein. One known victory, a Spitfire of RAF No. PRU 2, piloted by Flt Lt Day, north of Rethymon N. Africa on 22 September, 1942. Another Spitfire of PRU 2, piloted by P/O Leng (POW), over Tymbaktion, S. Crete on 30 September, 1942. His 3rd, a B-24 10 km west of Amfissa Greece, 5 October, 1943. His 4th, a Baltimore north of Insel Crete, 31 December, 1943. A 5th, a B-26 10 km W of Insel Leros (Greece) on 25 February, 1944. A 6th, a B-26 in northern Crete on 4 March, 1944. A 7th & 8th, both SM 84′s (?) 30 km NE of Brindisi on 14 May, 1944. A 9th, a P-51 NW of Meru on 18 August, 1944.
115 Ruhland, Egon Lt Munich 5/KG-6 (Aegean 10/43; Channel 2/44) Ju 88A-14 Werk # 144344 “3E + CN” (lost 10/14/43), Ju 88A-4 Werk # 043868 “3E + DC” (lost) KIA 13 February, 1944 when he was shot down during a raid on London by a Mosquito Night Fighter of RAF No. 96 Sq., piloted by W/C E.D. Crew. The AC crashed and burnt out at Burgess Farm, near Whitestable, Kent. Only one crew survived by bailing, R/O Uffz Eberhard Fichtner who was seriously injured. Remaining crew (KIA): Ogefr Karl Keim, Observer and Uffz Walter Ortleib, Gunner. His Wk# 144344 reported lost 14 October, 1943 on the island of Leros, crew returned (Ju 88 Loss List).
116 Sukowski, Hans Lt 11/ZG-26 (Med) Ju 88C-6 Werk # 750453 “3U + PV” (lost 11/12/43) MIA with unnamed crew at Leros 12 November, 1943, cause unknown (Ju 88 Loss List).
117 Otto, Klaus Hptm 2(F)/122 (Heraklion Crete 9/42) Ju 88A-5, Ju 88D-1 WIA 5 September, 1942 during an Allied air attack on the Heraklion Crete airfield. Wiki Luft data.
118 Arnswald, Bernard von Uffz 1 9/JG-27 (Crete Schwarm) Bf 109F & G (Trop) KIA 21 September, 1942 during aerial combat with a Spitfire of RAF No. 601 Sq., piloted by Flt Sgt Downing, over Abu Dweis. One known Desert victory, a Spitfire V of RAF No. 145 Sq., piloted by Flt Lt Sabourin, downed south of El-Hameija on 16 September, 1942.
119 Baagoe, Sophus Oblt Flensburg 14 8/ZG-26 (5/40), 5/ZG-26 (5/41) Bf 110D-3 Werk # 4290 (lost 5/14/41) 95 combat missions. KIA 14 May, 1941 taking a direct hit during a low level attack on AA positions at Heraklion on the Island of Crete. His D-3 crashed into the sea off Crete’s north coast. His R/O, Ofw Bäcker was also killed. One known victory, a Morane in the Ghent/Termonde area, 12 May, 1940. Another two, both Hurricanes on 27 May, 1940, no location. A 4th, a Curtis on 3 June, 1940, no location. A 5th & 6th, both Spitfires over England on 10 July, 1940. A 7th, a Hurricane on 29 July, 1940, no location. His 8th & 9th, two Spitfires over England on 18 August, 1940. A 10th, a Spitfire over England on 31 August, 1940. An 11th & 12th, both Spitfires over England on 3 September, 1940. A 13th, a Spitfire over England on 26 September, 1940. Bowers/Lednicer, 14 victories.
120 Bauer, Erwin Uffz 2/ZG-26 (Crete) Bf 110E Werk # 2378 “U8 + MK” (lost 5/16/41) KIA with unnamed crew 16 May, 1941; hit by flak at Heraklion from the 7th Aust Light AA Battery. Bf 110 Loss List
121 Bock, Karl Heinz Oblt 6/KG-26 (3/41) He 111P One of two AC sent to attack shipping west of Crete on 19 March, 1941.
122 Boecker, Heinrich Hptm Spenge 3/LG-1 (5/41 Crete, 8/41/Med), Stfkpt 12/LG-1 Ju 88A-5 Werk # 2262 “L1 + LL” (lost 5/22/41), Ju 88A-5 Werk # 6311 “L1 + SL” (lost 8/6/41) His Wk# 6311 was reported lost 6 August, 1941, fuel pump failure, remaiming crew interned in Ankara. Boecker eventually escaped and became Stfkpt in 12/LG-1. Remaining crew: Uffz Ernst Mössner, Obs; Gefr Kurt H üttl, R/O and Gefr Horst Täsch, Gnr. Wk# 2262 was reported lost 22 May, 1941, hit by AA fire over Crete, pilot and unnamed crew returned uninjured. Deceased 2 February, 1987, Bielefeld.
123 Bösch, Rudolf Ogefr 8/LG-1 (Med) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 4353 “L1 + LS” (lost 1/16/42) MIA 16 January, 1942; made an emergency landing at sea near Crete after being damaged by fighters, one unnamed crew WIA (Ju 88 Loss List).
124 Brecher, Josef Fw 7/KG-55 Russia, Crete & Greece He 111 “G1 + ER & IR”, “G1 + AP” 1120 logbook entries 12/40 to 4/44, with many combat missions in 1941 and 1942 noted. Known to have crashed at least once, as seen in one of the accompanying photos. Grouping found online at Leisure Galleries.
125 Brenner, Gerhard Oblt Ludwigsburg 1 & 2/LG-1 (5/42 Mediterranean) Ju 88A-4 Trop Werk # 5542 “L1 + CH” (lost 6/14/42) MIA 14 June, 1942 S of Insel Gardos (Crete), probably shot down by a Beaufighter of No. 272 Sq., piloted by F/Sgt Tuckwell during Operation Vigorous, crew seen to take to their dinghy (Ju 88 Loss List), but rescue attempts found their dingy empty, presuming they had been washed overboard during the night. Remaining crew (MIA): Fw Franz Hayer, Obs; Fw Leonard Oesterle, R/O and Ofw Hans Ahrens, Gnr.. Over 100 combat missions.
126 Bretano, von Lt Stab III/JG-77 (Crete) Bf 109E-7 Werk # 6399 “Black <” (60% dam 5/30/41) Uninjured in a taxiing accident at Malemes on 30 May, 1941.
127 Burger, Wolfgang Oblt 5/JG-27 (Africa) Bf 109F-4 (Trop) Werk # 8718 “Red 2 + -” (lost 9/5/42) KIA 5 September, 1942 when his engine siezed during aerial combat over Crete. He bailed successfully, 12 km NW of Abudweis, however, his chute failed to open.
128 Büttner, Herbert Uffz 7 7/JG-77 (Romania) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 163217 “White 10″ (10% dam 7/28/44) POW: Shot down with wounds during aerial combat 28 August, 1944 in the Pitesti area, near Persinari. One known victory, his 1st, a P-38in the area near Crete. His 2nd, a B-17 near Ploesti on 18 May, 1944. His 3rd, a B-24 (HSS) SW of Bucharest on 28 June, 1944. His 4th, a B-24 W of Bucharest on 3 July, 1944. His 5th, a B-24 at Liegeplatz: Mizil-Rum on 22 July, 1944. His 6th & 7th, Both B-24′s over the Balkans, 28 July, 1944. Magnus. Bowers/Lednicer, 8 victories.
129 Chlupka, Ofw 1 4/SAGr-126 (Crete 6/44) Ar 196 On 1 June, 1944, while escorting a convoy in the Egean Sea, he and his Observer, Oblt Schaefer, shot down a Beaufighter attacking the convoy.
130 Christ, Waldemar Ofw 6/Seenotstaffel (10/40 Crete & Mediterranean areas & Norway) In addition to his German awards, he wore the Italian Pilot Badge and the Italian Valor Medal. He was credited with rescuing more than 175 persons in distress, includin an EL-Trager, Hptm Fischer??, most likely Hptm Erwin Fischer, a Recon pilot. Flew transport operations after recovering from an illness which caused him to be hospitalized in Germany. Deceased 4 September, 1999. Jager Blatt 1/2005.
131 Dite, Julius Uffz Austria 4/JG-77 (Norway & S.U.) Bf 109E-7 Werk # 0813 “White 7 + -” (lost 9/26/41) POW 26 September, 1941 after being shot down by Yak 1′s of the 32nd Fighter Aviation Regt.. Fought in the Crete campaign. Died in Soviet captivity on 2 February, 1942. Thought to have flown as wingman for Hptm (then Lt) Heinrich Setz. Alternate spelling: Ditte.
132 Eichel-Streiber, Diethelm von Maj Oppershausen Thüringen 96 JG-52,Stab III/JG-77 (Crete 4/41), Stfkpt 10/JG-1 (1/42), JG-5, Stab/JG-51 (3/43), Kdr III/JG-51, I/JG-27, Kdr JG-27, JV-44 Bf 109E-7 Werk # 6435 “Black <<” (65% dam 4/14/41, flak), Bf 109F & G “White 1″, Bf 109G-6/R6 “< Received the Spanish Cross in Gold with Swords for service in Spain as a bomber pilot. 94 victories in the East. 158 Fighter-Bomber and Close Support missions. His first known Soviet victory, an Il-2 on 4 March, 1943. An Il-2 on 15 March, 1943. A LaGG-5 on 16 March, 1943. A LaGG-5 on 28 May, 1943. A MiG-3 and a P-39 on 30 May, 1943. Two LaGG-3′s, a LaGG-5 and a Yak-1 on 8 June, 1943. An Il-2 on 28 June, 1943. An Il-4 on 8 July, 1943. A MiG-3 on 10 July, 1943. A MiG-3 on 12 July, 1943. Two P-39′s SE of Novossil on 13 July, 1943. Two MiG-3′s on 20 July, 1943. Two Il-2′s (m.H.) on 3 August, 1943. Two LaGG-3′s and a Yak-1 on 4 August, 1943. Four Il-2′s on 11 August, 1943. Five Il-2′s (all m.H.) and a Yak-9 on 15 December, 1943. Two Yak-9′s on 3 April, 1944. Four Yak-9′s and an Il-2 on 30 July, 1944. His 96th victory, a P-47 at Linnich-Aachen on 28 November, 1944 (perry Claims).Prior to his assignment as Kdr Stab/JG-51, he served in 6/JG-51 in autumn 1942. Bowers/Lednicer, 96 victories. Deceased 13 May, 1996, as an American citizen in Modesto, CA.. Photo
133 Eisenmann, Heinz Oblt 2(F)/122 (Heraklion-Crete) Ju 88D-5 Werk # 430169 “F6 + DK” (lost 11/9/42) MIA 9 November, 1942 after being shot down NW of Algiers, over the eastern Mediteranean by Spitfires Of RAF No. 87 Sq.. Remaining crew(MIA): Lt Wegener, Observer; Ofw Gresiak, R/O; and Ofw Eichinger, mechanic. Jager Blatt 6/2001.
134 Fanderl, Georg Hptm Nürnberg 1/KG-51 (Crete 5/41; S.U. 5/42) He 111, Ju 88A-5 Werk # 6327 “9K + LH” (lost 5/3/41), Ju 88A-4 Werk # 1104 “9K + MH” (lost 5/16/42) His Wk# 1104 reported lost 16 May, 1942; sd by Soviet fighters south of Tomarovka, near Nowoberetzki; crew returned, he and R/O Fw Gustav Schreiber WIA. His Wk# 6327 reported lost 3 May, 1941; sd by British fighters during an attack on shipping in Suda Bay, Crete. He and his R/O Fw Gustav Schreiber, were able to get into their raft. Observer Hptm Dietrich Illgner and Gunner, Uffz Hans Conze, went down with the aircraft. Deceased 4 January, 1953, Nürnberg.
135 Frosch, Johann Fw 7/TG-4 (KGzbV-2) Ju 52 “G6 + AR”, Ju 52/3mg14e Werk # 641393 ‘G6 + CV” (lost) MIA 2 February, 1945 in the Posen area for an unknown reason. Remaining crew: Uffz Ernst von Lorenz, Observer (MIA) Lorenz was credited with one victory, a Mosquito near the island of Crete; Ofw Siegfried Leffer, R/O (KIA)and Fw Leopold Hofbauer, Mechanic (MIA).
136 Gapp, Franz Ofw Erbach bei Ulm 7 Flugzeugfüh.8/LG-1 (6/40-2/42), III/KG-6 (9/42), 8/KG(J)-6 (9/43 to end) Ju 88A-4 “3E + KS” in 8/KG-6, Ju 88S-1, Ju 188E, Bf 109G &, Me 262A-1a “Red 7″ Jager Blatt article. 426 combat missions, 400 in the Ju 88. Five victories in the Me 262 on 8 May, 1945, 4 B-24′s and a P-38, although I did not find these on the OKL List. If my translation is correct, Gapp claimed two B-17′s on 24 April, 1945, while flying the Me 262. Gapp saw action over England, the Med., Malta, Crete and North Africa. Served in Russia for 8 months.Flugbuch (10/39 to 5/45).
137 Garz, Hans Fw 5/LG-1 (Med) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 4272 “L1 + EN” (lost 4/13/41) KIA with unnamed crew 13 April, 1941; emergency landing at sea off Crete, no further detail (Ju 88 Loss List).
138 Grobe, Rudolf Oblt 6 5/JG-77 (5/41), 5/JG-5 (3/42) Bf 109E-7 Werk # 5799 “Black 5 + -” (lost 5/22/41), Bf 109E-7 Werk # 3183 “Red 6″ (lost) KIA 22 March, 1942 attempting an emergency landing after being hit by flak at Titowka. Source: SIG Norway. POW (briefly) on 22 May, 1941 after being shot down by flak at Kythera Crete.
139 Hackenbrösch, Fritz Fw III/ZG-26 (Med) Bf 110F-2 Werk # 4581 (lost 7/13/42) MIA with unnamed crew 13 July, 1942 at Derna-Crete while on an orientation flight. Bf 110 Loss List
140 Haessler, Uffz 1 4/SAGr-126 (Crete) Ar 196 One known victory, a Beaufighter near Heraklion (Kreta) on 1 June, 1944. The Beaufighter was attacking a small convoy in the Egean Sea. His Observer, an Uffz Busse.
141 Hammel, Kurt Oblt 20 II/JG-5, 2/JG-77 (8/41 Norway), 8/JG-27 (10/43), 1/JG-77 (7/44 Italy), Stfkpt 3/JG-77 (4/45) Bf 109F in ’41, Fw 190A, Bf 109G in JG-27, Bf 109G-6 Werk # 163175 “White 8″ (dam 7/14/44) WIA 14 July, 1944 during aerial combat near Modena (Bf 109 Loss List). One known victory, his 1st, a Hudson at Lister on 30 August, 1941. His 2nd, a Beaufort SW of Egersund on 16 October, 1941. Eleven victories in JG-5. His 12th, a Beaufort near Ostküste Crete, 2 October, 1943. His 15th, a B-24 between Marburg and Agram (Zagreb) on 19 March, 1944. His 16th, a B-24 NW of Obdach on 2 April, 1944. His 17th, a B-24 10 km ESE of Raab/Györ on 13 April, 1944. His 18th, a P-47 over Italy on 27 May, 1944. His 19th, an La-5 on 21 April, 1945. His 20th and last victory, an La-5 on 2 May, 1945. Magnus Report.
142 Hayessen, Hans Joachim “Hayo” Lt 5 7/JG-27 Bf 109G KIA 23 June, 1944. Magnus. Two known victories, his 1st & 2nd, both Beaufighters near Insel Dia, Crete, on 22 February, 1944. His 3rd, a Baltimore E of Insel Dia, Crete on 23 February, 1944. His 4th & 5th victories, both B-26′s SE of Antikythera Greece on 6 March, 1944. A 6th, thought to be “unconfirmed”, a Baltimore by Insel Dia (Kreta) on 23 April, 1944.
143 Hoffmann, Kuno (Cuno) Major Posen Kdr I/LG-1 (’39-5/41 Crete), Kdr KG-3 (’42), RLM (5/45) He 111H & Ju88A “L1 + ??” in 1/LG-1 Hoffmann was injured during a bombing raid on Berlin the night of 20/21 January, 1944. He subsequently died on 25 January, 1945. He was buried in the Invaliden Cemetery in Berlin.
144 Hohmann, Max Fw 1 8/ZG-26 (8/40), 9/ZG-26 (12/41) Bf 110D-2 Werk # 3404 “3U + JS” (lost 4/25/41) KIC 24 December, 1941 when he crashed into the sea on a transfer flight from Athens to Crete. MIA with his unnamed gunner on 25 April, 1941 when he crashed behind enemy lines near Sollum (Balkens), and later returned (Bf 110 Loss List). His one known victory, a Spitfire over England on 18 August, 1940.
145 Huy, Wolf Dietrich Hptm Freiburg, Breisgau 40 Orig. Naval Offz., Stab II/TrGr-186 (5/40), I/JG-77 (10/42), Stfkpt 7/JG-77 ( 7/41 SU & N.Africa) Bf 109E-7 Werk # 4931 “White 2″ in 7/JG-77, Bf 109F Wk# 8334 “White 1″ (7/41), Bf 109F-4 Werk # 8282 (25% dam 7/9/41; hit obstruction, pilot OK), Bf 109F-4 Werk # 7111 “White 3″ (25% dam 1/23/42; WIA at Tarpowka, combat, force landed), Bf 109G-2 Wk# 13633 “White 1″ (lost 10/28/42) POW 28 October, 1942. Shot down in “White 1″ by Spitfires over the lines near Alamein and taken prisoner. Near Crete, he damaged and sunk several warships during strafing attacks. Wounded seriously in Russia in 1942. Over 500 missions. 37 victories in Russia. First two victories were at Dunkirk, one a Spitfire on 31 May, 1940, while in TrGr-186. His 31st, a Soviet SB-2 on 5 January, 1942. His 32nd and 33rd, both I-301′s on 15 January, 1942. His 34th & 35th victories, both “unidentified AC’ on 19 January, 1942. An I-153 on 1 March, 1942. A double on 5 March, 1942; a MiG-3 and an I-16 Rata. A Yak-1 on 16 September, 1942. His 40th, and last victory, was a Spitfire V of RAF No. 33 Sq. in the El Alamein area on 28 October, 1942. Bowers/Lednicer, 40 victories. Deceased 13 July, 2003. Flugbuch. Photo
146 Jaekel, Egbert Hptm Raspenau Sudetenland 12 3/StG-2, Stfkpt 2/StG-2 (5/43 S.U.) Ju 87D-3 Werk # 110484 (lost 7/17/43) KIA 17 July, 1943 during a dogfight with Soviet La 5′s and was shot down after having himself downed a Soviet fighter. His AC crashed out of 200 meters and burned on impact. His faithful R/O and rear gunner, Ofw Fritz Jentzsh was also killed. 983 missions sinking a cruiser and destroyer in Crete and later a direct hit on a soviet cruiser, Minsk, in Kronstadt harbor. One known aerial victory, a Soviet Spitfire on 28 May, 1943. A 2nd, a LaGG-5 on 5 July, 1943. Nominated for the Oak Leaves. Alternate spelling: Jaeckel (Ju 87 Loss List)
147 Jung, Berthold Oblt 6 Stfkpt 5/JG-77 (12/39)) Bf 109E-7 Werk # 4173 “Black 13 + -” (lost 5/20/41) POW 20 May, 1941 after being hit by flak and ditching along the Crete coastline. Served in Yugoslavia and Greece in 1941. Known to have “damaged” a Wellington 20 km northwest of Borkum, 18 December, 1939. His first victory, a Hampden on 21 June, 1940, no location, but most likely in the Hardanger-Fjord area. Nos 2 & 3, both Blenheims NW of Stavanger on 9 July, 1940. His 4th, a Blenheim in the Stavanger area on 20 October, 1940. His 5th, a Hurricane at Belgrad on 6 April, 1941. A Lysander, said to be his 6th victory, on 15 April, 1941 at Larissa.
148 Kaminski, Herbert Maj Ohmswalde, Ostpreussen 7 I/ZG-26, Stfkpt 2/ZG-26, Kdr I/ZG-26 (5/41), Kdr I/JG-53 (11/41 Katwijk; 3/42 Med); 6/42 S.U.), Kdr II/ZG-76 (10/43-8/44), Kdr FFS A/B 41 Frankfurt (12/44 to end) Bf 110E “3U + AB” in ZG-26, Ju 87, Bf 109F-4 Werk # 7542 “< A Destroyer pilot, he replaced von Werra on the Dutch coast as Kdr I/JG-53 after von Werra’s death in October 1941. He was awarded the RK for his successes against ground targets in Crete and in Russia. Wounded five times. One known wound when he was shot down in his G-2 by Russian flak on 24 July, 1942 on the northern outskirts of Taganrog, Ukraine. He opposed the 6 March, 1944 Berlin Raid while in II/ZG-76. After being Kdr II/ZG-76, he headed a pilot training school. About 300 combat missions. Five victories as Destroyer pilot. Two of his victories were in the East. One known victory, a Hurricane on 20 December, 1941. His 7th, a LaGG-3 on 28 June, 1942. Sometimes referred to as “the Last of the Prussians”. Killed in an auto accident at Garmisch 18 Jily, 1971. Photo
149 Ketterer, Adolf Gefr Stab II/ZG-26 Bf 110D Werk # 3375 “3U + EM” (lost 5/14/41) POW 14 May, 1941 after being shot down by flak and making a force landing at Heraklion Crete. His unnamed gunner also POW. Bf 110 Loss List
150 Kissel, Erich Oblt 7(F)/LG-2 (Crete) Bf 110C-5 Werk # 2330 “L2 + PR” (lost 5/22/41) KIA with unnamed crew 22 May, 1941 at Iraklion, cause unknown. Bf 110 Lost List
151 Knöthe, Herbert Lt 3/KG-54 (Med) Ju 88A-4 Werk # 3677 “B3 + ML” (lost may or June 1942) KIA with unnamed crew in the May-June 1942 timeframe, probably damaged in combat with a Beaufighter of No. 272 Sq, piloted by Wg Cmdr Riley. Crashed at Tymbaki Crete (Ju 88 Loss List).
152 Kurth, Ofw 1 4/SAGr-126 (Crete 6/44) Ar 196 On 1 June, 1944, while escorting a convoy in the Egean Sea, he and his Observer, Lt Boecking, claimed shooting down a Beaufighter attacking the convoy.
153 Lange, Otto Ofw 2(F)/122 (Sicily) Ju 88D-5 Werk # 430186 “F6 + NK” (lost 4/10/42) MIA 10 April, 1942; failed to return from a reconnaissance mission south of Crete. Remaining crew (MIA): Lt Leuchner, Obs; Ogefr Kurt Helm, R/O and Gefr Herbert Kügler, Gunner. Wiki Luft data & Ju 88 Loss List.
154 Liebhold, Arthur Fw 2 7/JG-27 (3/42), 8/JG-27 (9/42) Bf 109F & G (Trop) One known Desert victory, a P-40 of RAF No. 94 Sq. at Martuba, northeast of Ain-el-Gazala, on 23 March, 1942, an Uffz at the time. A 2nd, a Halifax over the Heraklion airfield, Crete, on 5 September, 1942. Alternate spelling: Liebbold or Liebold. The two victories on the OKL were under the spelling Liebhold.
155 Loos, Lothar Uffz Fliegerkorps X Gotha 242 “TD + IT” (9/41), Gotha 242 “NL + GC”, “TK + ES” & “GF + VC” (S.U. ’43) Beginning in September 1941, he flew 31 known supply missions to Crete, Greece and Africa, receiving the EK 2 for his performance. He then served in Russia, and flew another 23 known supply missions, including five to Cholm. Judging from a photo in his album, he may have crashed a Gotha 242 “DM + XR” on 5 May, 1943. Prior to his Luftwaffe service, he was in the HJ, DLV and NSFK. Identified in a photo album, numerous documents and his Flugbuch found online.
156 Makrocki, Wilhelm Maj Schroda, Posen 9 JG “Horst Wesel”, ZG-76, Stafkpt 10/ZG-26, Kdr I/ZG-26 (8/40 Yvrench) Bf 110C & Bf 109D in ZG-26, Bf 110D-3 Wk# 4357 “U8 + AB” (lost 5/41) MIA 21 May, 1941 when his Wk# 4357 was shot down by flak from a patrol vessel which he had strafed six times on a flight over northern Crete. He and his RO, Hptm Eisgruber both MIA.Channel pilot. In addition to his aerial victories, he destroyed 9 AC on the ground. Bowers/Lednicer, 9 victories. Also spelled Macrocki. Photo
157 Mann, Harald Lt 8/JG-77 (Crete) Bf 109E-7 Werk # 1657 “Black ?” (lost 5/16/41) Shot down over Crete by a Hurricane of No. 33 Sq., piloted by F/O Ramsay. He bailed safely and returned later.
158 Mönche, Richard Ofw 4(F)/122 (Maikop-Crete) Ju 88D Werk # 430458 (lost) KIC 24 December, 1942; crashed on a flight from Sarabus Crimea to Maikop, cause not given. Ogefr Karl Wolf, R/O, was also KIC. No mention of the remaining two. Wiki Luft data.
159 Morzik, Fritz Obstlt Kdr KGrzbV 800 or 900 (4/42 S.U.), Luftflotte I Ju 52 Crete operations and Demyansk and Cholm troop supply.
160 Moycis, Rudolf Ofw 9 9/JG-27 (Crete Schwarm 9/42), 7/JG-27 (10/43; 4/44 Crete), 10/JG-27 (10/44 Reich Def) Bf 109F & G (Trop), Bf 109G-6 Werk # ? “White 9 + I” (Crete, Spring, 1944), Bf 109G-14 Werk # 784020 “Red 1 + I” (lost 10/20/44) KIA 12 October, 1944 during aerial combat east of Benerode. Shot down 5 July, 1942 by a P-40 of SAAF No. 2 Sq., piloted by either Lt Burdon or Lt Bryant. He force landed 8 miles E of El Alamein. One known victory, a Spitfire of RAF No. PRU 2, piloted by Flt Lt Day, north of Rethymon N. Africa on 22 September, 1942. Another Spitfire of PRU 2, piloted by P/O Leng (POW), over Tymbaktion, S. Crete on 30 September, 1942. His 3rd, a B-24 10 km west of Amfissa Greece, 5 October, 1943. His 4th, a Baltimore north of Insel Crete, 31 December, 1943. A 5th, a B-26 10 km W of Insel Leros (Greece) on 25 February, 1944. A 6th, a B-26 in northern Crete on 4 March, 1944. A 7th & 8th, both SM 84′s (?) 30 km NE of Brindisi on 14 May, 1944. A 9th, a P-51 NW of Meru on 18 August, 1944.
161 Muggenthaler, Alfons Oblt Burggen Schongau 1(F)/121 (Observer) Ju 88D Werk # Unk “7A + BH” (dam ) His Ju 88D was reported to have made a crash landing on a Crete beach, no further information (Ju 88 Loss List). Deceased 24 February, 1962 (D.Stankey & L. DeZeng.
162 Müller-Nalbach, Lt 1 III/ZG-26 Bf 110C One known Desert victory, a Maryland on a reconnaissance mission between Greece and Crete on 27 July, 1942.
163 Niemeyer, Otto Fw 6 4/JG-77 (11/39), 4/JG-77 (9/40 Norway) Bf 109D, Bf 109E-7 Werk # 6202 (5% dam 10/26/40), Bf 109E-7 Werk # 3334 “Yellow 9 + -” (lost 5/20/41) KIA 20 May, 1941 after his “Yellow 9″ was hit by flak over Crete. One known victory, his 1st and 2nd, both Wellingtons 40 km north of Wangerooge, 18 December, 1939. His 3rd, a Blenheim at Aalborg on 31 July, 1940. He was wounded in action and his E-7 5% damaged on 26 October, 1940, as a result of aerial combat southwest of Bergen Norway (Source: SIG Norway). His 4th, a Hudson NW of Bergen on 28 September, 1940. His 5th, a Beaufort 35 km NW of Morlaix on 27 March, 1941. His 6th, a Bf 109E (Finnish?) at Belgrad on 6 April, 1941. Magnus Report, 10 victories. Alternate spelling: Niemayer (SIG Norway).
164 Perrey, Herbert Ofw 8/JG-77 (Crete) Bf 109E-7 Werk # 4814 “”Black 4″ (lost 5/16/41) POW 16 May, 1941; crashed after being shot down by a Hurricane of RAF No. 33 Sq., piloted by F/O Ramsay, no specific location reported.
165 Petermann, Werner Ofw 9 5/JG-77 (4/40 Channel) Bf 109E Werk # 5273 (lost 12/16/40), Bf 109E-4 Werk # 1539 (90% damaged 9/16/40), Bf 109E-7 Werk # 3487 “Black 1″ (lost 5/20/41) POW 20 May, 1941; belly landed on a Crete beach after being hit by flak. Injured in a crash 16 December, 1940, crashing at the Brest-Guipavas airfield, cause unknown (A.Rosseels). One known victory, his 1st, a Hampden 12 April, 1940, no location. His 2nd, another Hampden southwest of Stavanger, 24 April, 1940. His 3rd, a Blenheim at Stavanger, 25 June, 1940. A 4th, a Blenheim NW of Stavanger on 9 July, 1940. His 5th & 6th, both Blenheims in the Aalborg area on 13 August, 1940. A 7th, a Blenheim W of Stavanger on 20 October, 1940. His 8th, a Bf 109E (Finnish?) at Belgrad on 6 April, 1941. His 9th victory, a Blenheim at Amphiklia on 18 April, 1941. His Werk # 1539 was 90% damaged on 16 September, 1940 from a landing accident at the Vaernes Norway airfield, pilot OK (Source: SIG Norway).
166 Pichler, Johannes “Hans” Lt Oberschweinbach Oberbayern 52 7/JG-77 (5/41), Leningrad 9/42, 7/JG-77 (6/43 Sicily) Bf 109E-7 Werk # 1963 (85% dam 5/22/41), Bf 109G-6 Werk# 8358, Bf 109G-6 Wk# 18151 “Wh 3″(lost 7/14//43), Bf 109G-6 Wk# 165685 “Wh 13″ (7/28/44) POW 28 August, 1944 after being shot down by American fighters SE of Titu Romania. Injured in a crash in his E-7 at Moloai on 22 May, 1941, cause not given. 16 Bombers. Fought over Crete, Russia, N. Africa, Italy and Romania. On 30 August, 1944, while in a hospital in Budapest after being wounded on 28 July, 1944 in Wk# 165685, he was taken into Russian confinement. 700 missions. Wounded earlier in Wk# 18151 on 14 July, 1943, but managed to bail safely. 16 four engine bombers. His first victory, a Hurricane I 7 km west of Labbi on 16 may, 1941. 29 victories in the East. His first known Soviet victory, a DB-3 and two I-301′s on 15 January, 1942. An I-153 on 17 May, 1942. Additional victories include several ships sunk near Crete, including the British battleship “Valiant” on 22 May, 1941. His 38th victory, a B-24 in the Balkans on 4 April, 1944. His 40th, a B-24 (HSS) in the Balkans on 5 May, 1944. His 49th & 50th, both B-24′s at Liegeplatz: Mizil/Rum (Romania) on 15 July, 1944. Bowers/Lednicer, 75 victories (spelled Pilcher). Deceased 16 February, 1995. Photo
167 Rahm, Gerhard Oblt 1 5/JG-77(4/41) Bf 109F (Trop), Bf 109E-7 Werk # 4918 “White < POW 20 May, 1941 after being brought down by flak over Crete. His first victory, a Lysander at Larissa on 15 April, 1941. Perry Claims.
168 Reiner, Franz Lt Stab II/ZG-76 Bf 110D Werk # 3462 “M8 + AC” (lost 5/24/41) KIA 24 May, 1941 when shot by a Lewis Gunner on a Royal Navy motor launch. Reiner was conducting a strafing run off Selinos Kastelli, Crete. His unnamed gunner’s disposition not reported. Bf 110 Loss List
169 Roell, Werner Paul Maj Ailly sur Noye (France) 1 Transportgruppe/StG-77 (Norway), Stfkpt 4/StG-77, Dep. Kdr I/StG-77 (10/43), JV-44 (2/45) Ju 52, Ju 87D in Oct, 1943, Me 262A-1a in JV-44 One known victory, a Soviet SB-2 bomber on 27 August, 1942. Kdr I/SG-77 in Dec ’43. 477 missions and sinking one light cruiser near the Crimea. Served in Norway, over England, Yugoslavia, Crete, then to Defense of the Reich in JV-44. Promoted to Hptm after 440 combat missions. Deceased 10 May, 2008 Salenstein Switzerland (P. Bastin).
170 Rupp, Ofhr 1 4/SAGr-126 (Crete) Ar 196 One known victory, a Beaufighter near Heraklion (Kreta) on 1 June, 1944. The Beaufighter was attacking a small convoy in the Egean Sea. His Observer, an Oblt Richter.
171 Scheiter, Wilhelm Oblt 4 8/JG-27 (4/42 Africa) Bf 109F-4 Trop Werk # 7239 “Black 9″ (lost 9/2/42) POW 2 September, 1942 after being shot down during aerial combat by an RCAF P-40 piloted by WO J.S.E.M. Bernier near Imayid N. Africa, east of El Alamein. One known victory, a Beaufighter of RAF No. 2 PRU, piloted by Flt Lt Smith, south of Insel Crete on 6 April, 1942. Another, a SAAF P-40 7 km north northeast of Gazala: in See on 25 April, 1942. Scheiter was shot down on 7 June, 1942 by a P-40 of SAAF No. 2 Sq., piloted by Capt. Human. Scheiter managed to return to base on foot a few days later. A 2nd P-40 was downed 4 July, 1942 southeast of Emeisat N. Africa. A Spitfire V of RAF No. 145 Sq. 25 km south of El Alamein on 5 July, 1942. Deceased 22 August, 2003.
172 Schelm, Herbert Fw 5/LG-1 (Crete) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 3157 “L1 + DN” (lost 5/24/41) MIA 24 May, 1941 after a raid on Crete.
173 Schmidt, Rudolf Ofw Wölfershausen Thüringen 42 5/JG-77 (7/40), 7/JG-77, 5/JG-77 (4/42) Bf 109E-3 Wk# 0833 (60% 9/26/40), Bf 109E-4 Wk# 5365 (lost 6/25/41), Bf 109E-7 Werk # 6422 (15% dam 7/17/41; ground fire, pilot OK), Bf 109E-4 Werk # 3260 (10% dam 8/14/41; flak, pilot OK), Bf 109F-4 Wk# 7564 “Blk 15 + -” (lost 4/6/42) KIA 6 April, 1942 in Werk# 7564 in aerial combat with a Pe-2 of 40 BAP, near Saki, 20 km east of Jewpatoria, in the western Crimea. Another source says he is still MIA. His first known victory, a Blenheim NW of Stavanger on 9 July, 1940, a Gefr at the time. Nos 2 & 3, both Blenheims in the Aalborg area on 13 August, 1940. He was injured slightly and his E-3 suffered 60% damage on 26 September, 1940 during a force landing accident at Fornebu Norway due to engine fire (Source: SIG Norway). His 4th, a Blenheim N of Brest on 21 December, 1940. His 5th, a Blenheim at Brest on 4 January, 1941. Nos. 9,10 and 11 were a Hurricane and two Blwnheims at Malemes on 25 May, 1941. His 15th victory was a Soviet MiG-3 fighter of the 55th Fighter Aviation Regt., shot down 26 July, 1941 during Operation Barbarossa. Shot down with wounds 11 October, 1941 shortly after his 33rd victory. Shot down and MIA 25 June, 1941 by AA fire in this E-4, but returned shortly thereafter. Downed three Soviet fighters on 19 March, 1942. Sunk 2 MTB’s in the Suda Bay, Crete and scored a direct hit on a large transport vessel. Bowers/Lednicer, 51 victories.
174 Schulte, Franz Fw Castrop-Rauxel 46 6/JG-77 (S.U.) Bf 109F-4 Werk # 7594 (40% dam 4/24/42), Bf 109F-4 Werk# 13162 “Yellow 16 + -” (lost 8/42) MIA 12 August, 1942 in “Yellow 16, 16 km north northeast of Priwalowka, near Woronesh Russia. WIA 24 April, 1942 at Tscherkessi when he sustained engine damage during combat. 520 missions. All victories in the East, plus 6 AC destroyed on the ground. His 1st, a Bf 109E (Finnish?) at Belgrad on 6 April, 1941, an Uffz at the time. His 26th victory, an unnamed Soviet AC on 3 June, 1942. A LaGG-3 on 7 June, 1942. A Soviet triple on 23 July, 1942; all three Il-2′s. His 37th, an unnamed Soviet AC on 11 July, 1942. A Pe-2 on 6 August, 1942. A LaGG-3 on 12 August, 1942. During the Crete operations, he succeeded in sinking one merchant ship and one Motor Torpedo Boat. Mombeek MIA List. Bowers/Lednicer, 46 victories. Photo
175 Schwank, Paul Fw Transport Staffels & Flight Instructor Ju 52 KIA 20 May, 1941 over the Island of Crete. Data found on Obituary Card on the internet.
176 Schwarz, Herbert Ofw 5/LG-1 (Med) Ju 88A-4 Werk # 140027 “L1 + BN” (lost 7/3/42) DK-G Awards List. KIA with unnamed crew and Observer Lt Johannes Tresemer on 3 July, 1942; crashed into the sea near Iraklion, Crete, cause not reported (Ju 88 Loss List).
177 Schwärzel, Günther Hptm Hamburg-Altona Bombers, III/StG-2, Stfkpt 9/StG-2 (Greece/Crete), Stfkpt 8/StG-2, Kdr III/StG-2 Ju 87R-2 Werk # unk “T6 + AT” (’41) On 24 September, 1942, he was critically wounded by a machine gun bullet 1 km northeast of Olkhovatka Russia, and died two days later at the Kursk Field Hospital. 300 missions with the Ju 87.
178 Schweighart, Wolfgang Lt 2/LG-1 (Crete) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 6329 “L1 + IK” (lost 5/22/41) MIA 22 May, 1941, cause unknown; two others MIA, one KIA, all unnamed.
179 Seeliger, Erwin Uffz 9/ZG-26 (Med) Bf 110E Werk # 4412 “3U + NT” (lost 11/14/42) MIA with unnamed crew 14 November, 1942 in the Crete-Griechenland area, cause unknown (Bf 110 Loss List). This may be Erwin Seeliger, later in a dive bomber unit, after his return?
180 Singler, Rudolf Ofw Fliegerkorps Courier Pilot (’39), 2/StG-77 (4/40; Russia 9/41) Ju 87, Fw 190 (6/44) POW 1 May, 1945; Released by the French 30 April, 1947. Shot down with injuries on 5 February, 1942 during the Russian Campaign, but landed in German territory. Entered Luftwaffe service in 1936 and earned his Class “C” Glider Badge. Served in poland, France, Battle of Britain, Romania, Yugoslavia, Crete, Russia and on the Invasion Front. 966 missions.
181 Sommer, Willi Ofw Seenot-Aussen Kdo-7 (10/42 Crete) Do 24T-1 “CM + IX” Remaining crew: Lt Karl Heinz Daehn, Observer, Ogefr Möller, mechanic. Jager Blatt 1/2002.
182 Steinberger, Thomas Hptm Kdr III/ZG-26 (12/41) Bf 110C, Bf 110E-2 Werk # 4436 “3U + OS” (lost 12/24/41) KIC 24 December, 1941 when his AC crashed into the sea near Tatoi-Castelli, near Crete, on a transfer flight from Athens to Crete.
183 Steinberger, Thomas “Fritz” Hptm 4 Stfkpt 9/ZG-26 (3/41), Kdr III/ZG-26 (12/41) Bf 110C KIC 24 December, 1941 when his AC crashed into the sea near Crete on a transfer flight from Athens to Crete. One known victory, a Hurricane over Malta on 31 March, 1941. Two more Hurricanes at Malta on 8 May, 1941.(Perry Claims). A Desert P-40 on 26 November, 1941. This might be Thomas, next record, “Fritz” being a nickname.
184 Straub, Karl Fw 7/JG-77 (Kreta) Bf 109E-7 Werk # 1255 “White 6″ (lost 5/20/41) KIA 20 May, 1941 by flak over Crete.
185 Wegmann, Günther Oblt 21 8/ZG-26 (12/41), 9/ZG-26 (3/43), Stab III/ZG-26 (10/43 Lechfeld), EKdo-262 (4/44), Kdo Nowotny (11/44), 9/JG-7 Bf 110C “3U + AD” in ZG-26, Me 262A/1a (w/R4M rockets) Shot down with wounds by bomber return fire on 18 March, 1945 after his last two victories. He bailed safely and was hospitalized and his right leg was amputated. 8 victories in the Me 262. One known desert victory, a Maryland of SAAF No. 21 Sq. into the sea on 12 December, 1941. In N. Africa, he was shot down by B-24 return fire, making a force landing on Crete, attempting to return to his base at Kastelli. One known victory, a Liberator over Malta on 7 September, 1942. Another Desert victory, a Beaufort on 17 March, 1943. A B-17 15 km N of Hüsum on 9 October, 1943. Two more B-17′s on 14 October, 1943. A P-51 in the Osnabrück area on 8 November, 1944. A B-17 on 3 February, 1945. A B-17 on 9 February, 1945. A P-51 on 22 February, 1945, while serving in 9/JG-7. A B-24 and a P-51 between Braunschweig and Magdeburg on 3 March, 1945. A B-17 on 17 March, 1945. Two B-17′s near Rathenow on 18 March, 1945.
186 Weidenborn, Albert Fw Wekusta 26 (Med) Ju 88A-5 Werk # 3307 “4U + HK” (lost 8/1/42) KIA with crew over Crete 1 August, 1942, cause unknown (Ju 88 Loss List).
187 Witzke, Erhard Uffz 4/ZG-26 (5/41 Crete; 10/41 S.U.)) Bf 110E-1 Werk # 3928 “3U + IM” (lost 5/16/41), Bf 110E-2 Werk # 4513 “3U + EM” (lost 10/7/41) MIA with unnamed crew 7 October, 1941 at Schikowka, cause unknown (Bf 110 Loss List). POW 16 May, 1941 during aerial combat. Shot down by Flt Lt Fry of RAF No. 112 Sq.. Witzke ditched at sea and was rescued, wounded. His Gunner, Fw Karl Reinhardt, got Fry in return. Freed after capture of Crete. Bf 110 Loss List
188 Woldenga, Bernhard Oberst Hamburg 3 Kdr I/JG-130 (’38), Kdr I/JG-1 (4/39 Gutenfeld), Kdr JG-27 (6/41), Kdr JG-77, Luft.Kdr-Balkans Bf 109D, E & F He was awarded the RK while Kdr. JG-77 for their success in the Balkan and Crete operations, primarily in Low Level attacks. Served in Russia before being transferred to N. Africa. His three victories were in the West, although, I found one Soviet victory, a SB-3 on 25 June, 1941. A 2nd Soviet victory, an I-18 on 16 September, 1941. Deceased 19 January, 1999. Photo
189 Wuthenau, Fritz von Oblt Stab II/ZG-26 (Crete) Bf 110E Werk # 3987 “3U + CC” (lost 5/22/41) KIA with unnamed crew 22 May, 1941 during the Crete campaign, no further detail. Bf 110 Loss List
190 Zucker, Walter Fw 1/LG-1 (Crete) JU 88A-5 Werk # 3129 “L1 + KH” (lost 4/24/41) Shot down 24 April, 1941 by Blenheims of No. 30 Sq., all crew (unnamed) returned.
191 Appel, Walter Gefr 5 9/JG-27 (2/44), 8/JG-27 (5/44 France) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 165214 “Red 1 + I” (lost 6/14/44) KIA 14 June, 1944 during aerial combat in the Caen/Bayeux area. One known victory, his 1st, a Beaufighter S of Insel Samos on 9 February, 1944. A 2nd, a Beaufighter 4 km N of Insel Milos on 13 February, 1944. His 4th, a P-51 10 km N of Grubisno Polje on 23 April, 1944. His 5th, a B-17 on 12 May, 1944, no location. Magnus.
192 Büsen, Franz Uffz 6 7/JG-27 (5/43; 6/44 France) Bf 109G (Trop), Bf 109G-6 Werk # 441764 “White 4 + I’ (lost 6/9/44) KIA 9 June, 1944 by flak 7km north of Caen. One known Desert victory, a Spitfire 5 km east of Korbous on 8 May, 1943. Another, a Baltimore 40 km S of Gaudurra on 24 January, 1944. His 3rd & 4th, both Beaufighters; one 2 km NW of Insel Samos, the other S of Insel Samos, on 9 February, 1944. His 5th, a B-17 in the Zerbst area on 28 May, 1944. His 6th, a B-24 (HSS) SW of Sankt-Pölten on 29 May, 1944.
193 Culemann, Hans Gunnar Lt 14 9/JG-27 (Med 7/43), 7/JG-27 (2/44), Stab III/JG-27 (6/44 France) Bf 109G-6 Werk # 19676 “Yellow 10″ (lost 7/17/43), Bf 109G-6 Werk # 413524 “White 2 + I” (lost 6/30/44) MIA 30 June, 1944 15 km E of Lisieux, reason unknown. Mombeek. His “Yellow 10″ reported lost 17 July, 1943 at Catania due to enemy fire, no report of pilot injury. One known victory, his 1st, a B-26 southwest of Eleusis, west of Athens, 3 November, 1943. His 2nd, a B-25 souh of Athens on 17 November, 1943. His 3rd & 4th, both Beaufighters; one S of Insel Samos, the other at Insel Samos, on 9 February, 1944. A 5th, a Baltimore 50 km from Insel Milos Greece on 3 March, 1944. A 6th, a B-26 SW of Insel Milos Greece on 6 March, 1944. His 9th, a B-17 in the Zerbst area on 28 May, 1944. His 10th, a P-47 8 km S of Bayeux on 14 June, 1944. His 11th, a P-51 S of Dreux on 17 June, 1944. His 12th & 13th, both P-51′s on 27 June, 1944; one S of Villers-Cotterets, the othe S of Soissons. Magnus.
194 Firlus, Alfons Lt Einsatzkampfgr. Ju 88 (Aegean) Ju 88A-4 Werk # 5716 “K5 + FJ” (lost 10/24/43) MIA with unnamed crew at Samos-Leros-Turkische Grenze 24 October, 1943, cause unknown (Ju 88 Loss List).
195 Kaiser, Josef Uffz 5 9/JG-27 (France) Bf 109G-6/U4 Werk # 440305 “Black < – + -” (lost 6/12/44) KIA 12 June, 1944 during aerial combat in the Caen/Bayeux area. Two known victories, his 1st & 2nd, both Beaufighters on 9 February, 1944; one near Levita, the other S of Insel Samos. A B-24 (HSS) 40 km N of Brück-a.d.-Mür on 24 May, 1944. His 4th, a B-17 at Wittenberg on 28 May, 1944. His 5th, a B-24 (HSS) 30 km from Agram (Zagreb) on 30 May, 1944.
196 Kley, Werner Lt Einsatzkampfgr. Ju 88 (Aegean) Ju 88A-4 Werk # 1267 “K5 + AL” (lost 10/24/43) MIA with unnamed crew at Samos-Ikara-Leros 24 October, 1943 due to engine trouble (Ju 88 Loss List).
Ρόδος
197 Backenhausen, Kurt Uffz 1(F)/122 (Med) Ju 88A-4 Trop Werk # 5745 “F6 + PH” (lost 10/21/43) This ac was reported lost southeast of Rhodos 21 October, 1943, cause unknown, Pilot and Observer, Lt Christof Hammann, and two other unnamed crew returned (Ju 88 Loss List).
198 Delfs, Klaus Lt 2(F)/123 (Med) Ju 88A-4 Werk # 2517 “4U + HK” (lost 9/13/43) MIA with unnamed crew at Rhodos-Skarpante 13 September, 1943, cause unknown (Ju 88 Loss List).
199 Gründling, Heinz Ofw 11/ZG-26 (Med) Ju 88C-6 Werk # 360091 “3U + JV” (lost 9/18/43) MIA with unnamed crew Sw of Rhodos 18 September, 1943, cause unknown (Ju 88 Loss List).
200 Hanke, Heinz Uffz 2(F)/123 (Med) Ju 88D-1 Werk # 430424 “4U + RK” (lost 9/16/43) MIA with his Observer Lt Wilhelm Dros and two other unnamed crew after aerial combat 16 September, 1943 southeast of Rhodos (Ju 88 Loss List).
201 Heydebrand, Peter von Hptm II/StG-3 (Med) Ju 87D-3 Trop Werk # 110535 “S7 +AU” (lost 10/9/43) MIA with unnamed crew 9 October, 1943, crashing at sea SW of Rhodos due to enemy fighter attacks. Ju 87 Loss List
202 Janike, Fw Wekusta 27 (Med) Ju 88D-1 Trop Werk # 430806 (lost 6/16/43) Injured with his unnamed crew in an emergency landing at sea NW of Rhodos Island 16 June, 1943 due to engine trouble (Ju 88 Loss List).
203 Manger, Heinrich Uffz 5/StG-3 (Med) Ju 87D-3 Trop Werk # 100380 “S7 +DN” (lost 10/9/43) KIA 9 October, 1943 after crashing at sea due to enemy fighter attacks SW of Rhodos, his unnamed R/O MIA. Ju 87 Loss List
204 Metzger, Rolf Lt 4/StG-3 (Med) Ju 87D-3 Trop Werk # 100375 “S7 + GM” (lost 10/9/43) MIA with unnamed crew 9 October, 1943, crashing at sea SW of Rhodos due to enemy fighters attacks. Ju 87 Loss List
205 Ruse, Josef Uffz 6/StG-3 (Med) Ju 87D-3 Trop Werk # 110322 “S7 +FP” (lost 10/9/43) MIA with unnamed crew 9 October, 1943, crashed at sea SW of Rhodos due to enemy fighter attacks. Ju 87 Loss List
206 Skambreck, Horst Lt 6/StG-3 (Med) Ju 87D-3 Trop Werk # 100374 “S7 +KP” (lost 10/9/43) MIA with unnamed crew 9 October, 1943, crashed at sea SW of Rhodos due to enemy fighter attacks. Ju 87 Loss List
207 Spielmann, Heinz Lt 3/StG-3 (5/42 Africa; 10/43 Med) Ju 87R-4 Werk # 6224 (lost 5/7/42), Ju 87D-3 Trop Werk # 110336 “S7 + MP” (lost 10/9/43) KIA 9 October, 1943, crashing at sea SW of Rhodos after being attacked by enemy fighters, his unnamed R/O WIA. All injured in a crash 7 May, 1942 at Derna-South, cause not reported. Ju 87 Loss List

Junkers- Ju52, Κέα

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Επιμέλεια – κείμενο: Νίκος Καρατζάς   Φωτογραφίες: Αρετή Κομηνού

Greek flag

Στα πλαίσια του KDE που πραγματοποιήθηκε τον Σεπτέμβριο του 2008, που αφορούσε το μέχρι τότε «Άγνωστο Ναυάγιο της Κέας» μετέπειτα “S/S Burdigala”  εντοπίστηκε πολύ κοντά στο πεδίο δραστηριοτήτων γερμανικό αεροσκάφος τύπου Junkers -  Ju52 . Ίσως το πιο “καλοδιατηρημένο” αεροπλάνο Β’ Π.Π που έχει βρεθεί στις Ελληνικές θάλασσες. Το μεταγωγικό αεροσκάφος  Ju-52,  με αριθμό κατασκευής Werk #6590, βυθίστηκε το 1943, μετά από προσθαλάσσωση που πραγματοποίησε βορειοδυτικά της Κέας λόγω προβλημάτων τροφοδοσίας. Το ναυάγιο του αεροσκάφους βρίσκεται στο βάθος των 65 μέτρων.

Απόσπασμα από την ιστοσελίδα S/S Burdigala Project

Η ταυτότητα της «Θείας Γιού» της Κέας (το όνομα προέρχεται από το Tante Ju, γερμανικό χαϊδευτικό όνομα, που είχαν δώσει οι Γερμανοί πιλότοι και αλεξιπτωτιστές στα Junkers 52) αποκαλύφθηκε μέσω της καταχώρησης ρουτίνας ενός διασωστικού γερμανικού αεροπλάνου, τύπου Dornier 24 (Werknummer 3214), το οποίο από τις 13 Αυγούστου του 1943 ανήκε στην γερμανική Μοίρα Θαλάσσιας Διάσωσης 7 (Seenotstaffel 7), με έδρα το Φάληρο. Σύμφωνα με την καταχώρηση αυτή, το διασωστικό Dornier 24 στις 6 Σεπτεμβρίου του 1943, με πλήρωμα τους Leutnant Pfaffendorf, Oberfeldwebel Becker, Feldwebel Steinbock, Feldwebel Bohnke, Obergefreiter Rausch και Feldwebel Lind, έλαβε μέρος στην έρευνα και διάσωση ενός Junkers 52, με αριθμό κατασκευής (Werknummer) 6590, του I/TG 4, δηλαδή της Πρώτης Σμηναρχίας (I = Erste Gruppe) της Μεταγωγικής Πτέρυγας 4 (TG 4 = Transportgeschwader 4) το οποίο είχε έδρα του το Καλαμάκι στην περιοχή του Σαρωνικού. Το αεροπλάνο είχε χαθεί μετά από προσθαλάσσωση στα βορειοδυτικά της Κέας, λόγω προβλημάτων τροφοδοσίας των κινητήρων με καύσιμα. Από τους επιβαίνοντες, στο Junkers 52, ένας απωλέσθη και δυο τραυματίσθηκαν, όλοι οι υπόλοιποι μεταφέρθηκαν σώοι στην Αθήνα.


«Το αεροπλάνο, του οποίου ο άξονας έχει κατεύθυνση νοτιοδυτική και το βαθύτερο σημείο του βρίσκεται στα 68 μέτρα, είναι άψογο. Δεν έχει κανένα σπάσιμο, δεν του λείπει κανένα μέρος και έχει τρεις κινητήρες, εκ των οποίων ο ρυγχαίος είναι γερμένος προς τον βυθό αλλά παραμένει ακόμα ενωμένος με την άτρακτο του αεροσκάφους. Το αεροπλάνο φέρει οπλισμό, εντοπίσαμε ένα πολυβόλο, και στο επάνω τμήμα του, στην σκεπή, διακρίνεται ο κενός χώρος της φρακτής, το σκέπασμα της οποίας βρίσκεται πεσμένο στον βυθό, ακριβώς δίπλα από την αριστερή πλευρά της ατράκτου του αεροσκάφους. Πιθανώς από την φρακτή αποβιβάστηκαν οι επιβαίνοντες μετά την προσθαλάσσωση του αεροπλάνου».

 

junkers_logo

Η εταιρεία Junkers Flugzeug und Motorenwerke A.G ιδρύθηκε το 1895 από τον Hugo Junkers. Η σημαντικότερη ίσως γερμανική εταιρεία παραγωγής αεροσκαφών με καινοτόμες ιδέες για την εποχή της, δημιούργησε και ταυτόχρονα εξέλιξε τα πιο επιτυχημένα μεταλλικά αεροσκάφη της Luftwaffe.

 

Η εταιρεία Junkers η οποία αρχικά κατασκεύαζε θερμοσίφωνες, ξεκίνησε την παραγωγή πολεμικών αεροσκαφών την δεκαετία του 1930. Ίσως το πιο γνωστό “μοντέλο” της εταιρίας να ήταν το Ju87, γνωστό σαν STUKA. Βομβαρδιστικό καθέτου εφορμήσεως, που υπήρξε από τα ισχυρότερα όπλα της Luftwaffe. Το σημαντικότερο και το πιο επιτυχημένο κατά πολλούς ήταν το Ju88. Ελαφρύ βομβαρδιστικό με πολλαπλούς ρόλους και φυσικά αρκετές εκδόσεις Ju 188, Ju 388, που καμία από αυτές δεν μπόρεσε να ξεπεράσει τις δυνατότητες και τελικά να αντικαταστήσει το αρχικό μοντέλο. H Junkers επίσης ήταν αυτή που κατασκεύαζε από το 1920 τους κινητήρες JUMO (Junkers Motoren). Ήταν η πρώτη Γερμανική εταιρεία που κατασκεύασε σύγχρονους κινητήρες κατάλληλους για αεροπορική χρήση.Ο πρώτος κινητήρας της Junkers ήταν ο JUMO 211. Μετά το τέλος του πολέμου η εταιρεία Junkers ενώθηκε με την εταιρεία Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (ΜΒΒ) όπου ασχολήθηκαν με την έρευνα σχετικά με το μέλλον της αεροδιαστημικής μεταφοράς.

 

 

Η κατασκευή του Ju52 ξεκίνησε το 1930, σαν μονοκινητήριο αεροσκάφος (Ju52/1m). Αργότερα για να αυξηθεί η ιπποδύναμη αλλά και η επιχειρησιακή δυνατότητα του αεροσκάφους τοποθετήθηκαν επιπλέον δυο κινητήρες στα φτερά (Ju52/3m).
Η πρώτη πτήση με την μορφή αυτή, δηλαδή σαν τρικινητήριο αεροσκάφος πραγματοποιήθηκε τον Απρίλιο του 1931. Ήταν εφοδιασμένο με τρεις κινητήρες Pratt & Whitney 525 ή 550 HP, ανάλογα με την χρήση και την σειρά του αεροσκάφους. Αργότερα τοποθετήθηκαν μηχανές BMW τύπου 123Α-3, 132Τ/-2 με ισχύει 725 και 830 ίππους αντίστοιχα. Κατασκευάστηκαν περίπου 5000 Ju52.

Στο τέλος του πολέμου μόνο 50 από αυτά είχαν πτητική ικανότητα!!
Το Ju52 είχε πολλαπλούς ρόλους και απόδειξη είναι οι περίπου 13 παραλλαγές του βασικού μοντέλου.
Η βασική του χρήση ήταν μεταγωγικό αεροσκάφος. Χρησιμοποιήθηκε ακόμα σαν βομβαρδιστικό (Ju 52/3mg3e),για την ρίψη αλεξιπτωτιστών, εμπορικό, για τις απογειώσεις ανεμοπλάνων και πολλές άλλες.
Η παραγωγή των Ju52 σταμάτησε στις αρχές του 1945.

Χαρακτηριστικά αεροσκάφους

Διαστάσεις
Άνοιγμα φτερών: 29.49 μέτρα
Επιφάνεια φτερών: 110.5 τ/μ
Μήκος: 18.9 μέτρα
Ύψος: 5.54 μέτρα

Οπλισμός: 2 Χ MG 7,9 χιλιοστά
Βόμβες: 500 κιλά

Ταχύτητα (See Level): 270 – 295 kph
Ταχύτητα ταξιδίου: 209 kph

Πλήρωμα: 2-4
Αριθμός επιβατών: 18 ή 12 φορεία

 


 

Στις καταδύσεις έλαβαν μέρος οι:

Αρετή Κομηνού (Φωτογραφίες πεδίου), Αντώνης Γράφας, Κώστας Κατσαρός, Νίκος Καρατζάς.


Πληροφορίες – Παραπομπές:

Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington.
Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi Διαδίκτυο
S/S Burdigala Project

 

Text in English: Pierre Kosmidis

pierrekosmidis.blogspot.gr

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The Ju-52 located close to Kea Island, Greece, is among the most well-preserved WW2 aircraft that have ever been found in the Greek seas.The Ju-52, with construction number Werk # 6590, was lost in 1943 after ditching northwest of Kea. The wreck of the aircraft is located at the depth of 65 meters.

This specific “Tante Ju” (the name comes from the German nickname for the Junkers 52) was discovered through a routine report of a Dornier 24 (Werknummer 3214), which from August 13, 1943, belonged to the German Maritime Rescue Squadron 7 (Seenotstaffel 7), based in Faliro, Athens, Greece. According to this entry, the Dornier 24 on September 6, 1943, took part in the search and rescue of a Junkers 52, with serial number (Werknummer) 6590, the I/TG 4, i.e. the First Group (I=Erste Gruppe) of Transport Wing 4 (TG 4 = Transportgeschwader 4).

The aircraft was lost after ditching in the northwest of Kea, because of engine fuel problems. The crew and passengers were transferred to Athens, with the loss of one person and two injured. 

“The aircraft, whose axis is pointing south and its deepest point is at about 68 meters, is intact. There is no break, no parts missing. The aircraft was carrying weapons, we spotted a machine gun, and at the upper part of the fuselage the lid is open. Probably, the passengers exited through this hatch, after the Ju52 ditched at sea.”

Aircraft Features

The Junkers Ju 52 is a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952. It saw both civilian and military service during the 1930s and 1940s. In a military role, it flew with the Luftwaffe as a troop and cargo transport and briefly as a medium bomber.

Hitler used a Ju 52 for campaigning in the 1932 German election, preferring flying to transport by train. After he became Chancellor of Germany in 1933, Hitler was provided with a personal Ju 52. Named Immelmann II after the World War I ace Max Immelmann.

In 1934, Junkers received orders to produce a bomber version of the Ju 52/3m to serve as interim equipment for the bomber units. Two bomb bays were fitted, capable of holding up to 3,300 lb of bombs while defensive armament consisted of two MG 15 machine guns. The bomber could be easily converted to serve in the transport role.

The Ju 52 first saw military service in the Spanish Civil War against the Spanish Republic. As a bomber, it participated in the bombing of Guernica. No more of the bomber variant were built after this war though it was again used as a bomber during the bombing of Warsaw in September 1939. The Luftwaffe then relied on the Ju 52 for transport roles during World War II, including paratroop drops. The first major operation for the aircraft was in the attack on Denmark and Norway on 9 April 1940. Later, Ju 52’s participated in the attack on the Netherlands on 10 May 1940, where they were deployed in the first large-scale air attack with paratroops in history.

After the invasion of Crete in 1941, the Ju 52 was relegated to transport supplies in and wounded out of combat zones such as Stalingrad. A total of 4845 were built.

Dimensions

Wingspan: 29.49 meters

Wing area: 110.5 SQ/m

Length: 18.9 meters

Height: 5.54 meters

Armament: 2 x MG 7,9 millimeters

Bombs: 500 kg

Speed (See Level): 270 – 295 kph

Travel Speed: 209 kph

 Crew: 2-4

Number of passengers 18 or 12 stretchers

Diving Team: Areti Kominou (Photos), Antonis Grafas, Kostas Katsaros, Nikos Karatzas

Luftwaffenkommando Süd-Ost

Aviation-Arcaeology-logoLuftwaffenkommando Süd-Ost
31st August 1943

Air Ministry A.H.B. 6 Translation of Enemy Documents
In PRO Air 41 Monographs
Date Command Division Unit Location airfield Est. ‘S’ Main Type Notes

Close-range Tactical Reconnaissance (Nahaufklärungsgruppen)

31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Stab/ NAGr. 2 Greece 4 4 Bf 109 G-4 -
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2. / NAGr. 2 Greece 15 11 Bf 109 G-4 -
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 3. / NAGr. 2 Greece 10 9 Bf 110 G-2 -

Long-range Tactical Reconnaissance (Fernaufklärungsgruppen)

31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2.(F) / 123 Crete 17 10 Ju 88 D-5 / Bf 109 G-4 / Ju 86 R-1

Single-engine Day Fighters (Jagdgruppen)

31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Stab/ JG 27 Tanagra (Athens) Bf 109 G-6 Jafü Greichenland
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps IV. / JG 27 Tanagra (Athens)  Bf 109 G-6 Jafü Greichenland

Twin-engine Day Fighters (Zerstörergruppen)

31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 11. / ZG 26 Eleusis (Athens)  Ju 88 C-6

Dive-Bombers (Stukagruppen)

31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Stab / St.G 3 Rhodes 3 3 Ju 87 D-5 -
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps I. / St.G 3 Rhodes 40 35 Ju 87 D-5 -
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps II. / St.G 3 Rhodes 32 30 Ju 87 D-5 -

Transport

31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps I. / TG 4 Greece 48 35 Ju 52/3m -
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Pt. II. / TG 4 Greece 7 — Ju 52/3m -
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps See Trans Sta. 1 Greece 11 5 Ju 52/3m See -
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost Kdo. SO Trans Sta. Greece 3 3 Ju 52/3m -

Float-plane Reconaissance

31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2./ SAGr. 125 Greece & Crete 12 10 Ar 196 A-3 -
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Stab/ SAGr. 125 Greece & Crete 1 1 BV 138 -
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 1./ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 12 10 Ar 196 A-3 -
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2./ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 11 9 Ar 196 A-3 -
31.08.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 3./ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 10 5 Ar 196 A-3 -

Luftwaffenkommando Süd-Ost
20th October 1943
Air Ministry A.H.B. 6 Translation of Enemy Documents
In PRO Air 41 Monographs
Date Command Division Unit Location airfield Est. ‘S’ Main Type Notes

Close-range Tactical Reconnaissance (Nahaufklärungsgruppen)

20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Stab/ NAGr. 2 Greece 3 2 Bf 109 G-4 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2. / NAGr. 2 Greece 11 10 Bf 109 G-4 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 3. / NAGr. 2 Greece 8 5 Bf 110 G-2 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 1. / NAGr. 12 Greece 12 4 Bf 109 G-4 -

Long-range Tactical Reconnaissance (Fernaufklärungsgruppen)

20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2.(F) / 123 Crete  Ju 88 D-5 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Pt. 1.(F) / 122 Greece  Ju 88 T-1 -

Single-engine Day Fighters

20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps III. / JG 27 Kalamaki (Athens) 30 28 Bf 109 G-6 Jafü Greichenland
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps IV. / JG 27 Kalamaki (Athens) 21 17 Bf 109 G-6 Jafü Greichenland

Twin-engine Day Fighters

20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 11. / ZG 26 Eleusis (Athens) 4 3 Ju 88 C-6 -

Twin-engine Bombers

20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps II./KG 6 Salonika/Sedes 15 10 Ju 88 A-4 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps II./KG 51 Salonika/Sedes 18 11 Ju 88 A-4 -

Dive-Bombers (Stukagruppen)

20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Stab / SG 3 Rhodes 2 1 Ju 87 D-5 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps I. / SG 3 Rhodes 29 20 Ju 87 D-5 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps II. / SG 3 Rhodes 25 20 Ju 87 D-5 -

Transport

20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps I. / TG 4 Greece 41 29 Ju 52/3m -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps II. / TG 4 Greece 48 36 Ju 52/3m -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps See Trans Sta. 1 Greece 10 9 Ju 52/3m See -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost Kdo. SO Trans Sta. Greece – - Ju 52/3m -

Float-plane Reconaissance

20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2./ SAGr. 125 Greece & Crete 8 6 Ar 196 A-3 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Stab/ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 1 0 BV 138 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 1./ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 15 11 Ar 196 A-3 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2./ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 15 11 Ar 196 A-3 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 3./ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 8 6 Ar 196 A-3 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 4./ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 8 5 Ar 196 A-3 -
1.4.98

Luftwaffenkommando Süd-Ost
10th November 1943
Air Ministry A.H.B. 6 Translation of Enemy Documents
In PRO Air 41 Monographs
Date Command Division Unit Location airfield Est. ‘S’ Main Type Notes

Close-range Tactical Reconnaissance (Nahaufklärungsgruppen)

10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Stab/ NAGr. 2 Greece ® Croatia 2 2 Bf 109 G-4 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2. / NAGr. 2 Greece ® Croatia 9 8 Bf 109 G-4 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 3. / NAGr. 2 Greece 8 5 Bf 110 G-2 -

Long-range Tactical Reconnaissance (Fernaufklärungsgruppen)

10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 1.(F) / 122 Greece ® Croatia 6 4 Ju 88 T-1 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2.(F) / 123 Crete ® Croatia 12 7 Ju 88 D-5 & T-1 -

Single-engine Day Fighters

10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost Jafü Greece Stab/ JG 27 Nîs ® Kalamaki 3 3 Bf 109 G-6 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost Jafü Greece III. / JG 27 Kalamaki & Maléme 35 33 Bf 109 G-6 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost Jafü Greece IV. / JG 27 Kalamaki 31 29 Bf 109 G-6 -

Twin-engine Day Fighters

10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 11. / ZG 26 Eleusis (Athens) 16 10 Ju 88 C-6 -

Twin-engine Bombers

10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Stab / LG 1 Eleusis (Athens) 1 1 Ju 88 A-4 Arrived
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps I. / LG 1 Eleusis (Athens) 14 10 Ju 88 A-4 Arrived
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps III. / LG 1 Eleusis (Athens) 34 28 Ju 88 A-4 Arrived
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps II./KG 51 Salonika/Sedes 28 20 Ju 88 A-4 -
20.10.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 15. / KG 53 Croatia ® Megara (Greece) 7 3 Do 17 Z-2 Arrived
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 5. / KG 100 Tatoi (Athens) 10 8 Do 217 E-4 Arrived

Dive-Bombers (Stukagruppen)

10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Stab / SG 3 Rhodes / Maritza 2 2 Ju 87 D-5 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps I. / SG 3 Rhodes ® Podgora (Croatia) 33 31 Ju 87 D-5 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps II. / SG 3 Rhodes / Calato 26 22 Ju 87 D-5 -

Transport

10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps I. / TG 4 Greece 42 33 Ju 52/3m -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps II. / TG 4 Greece 41 37 Ju 52/3m -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps See Trans Sta. 1 Greece 19 5 Ju 52/3m See -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost – - – - – - – Kdo. SO Trans Sta. Greece – - Ju 52/3m -

Float-plane Reconaissance

10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2./ SAGr. 125 Greece & Crete 6 6 Ar 196 A-3 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps Stab/ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 1 1 BV 138 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 1./ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 12 8 Ar 196 A-3 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 2./ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 12 7 Ar 196 A-3 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 3./ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 10 5 Ar 196 A-3 -
10.11.43 Lkdo. Süd-Ost X. Fl. Kps 4./ SAGr. 126 Greece & Crete 9 7 Ar 196 A-3 -

Messerschmitt Bf 109-E7, Μάχη της Κρήτης

Aviation-Arcaeology-logo

Κείμενο: Νίκος Καρατζάς – Ιστορική έρευνα: Ηρακλής Ρούσσης, Νίκος Καρατζάς
 
 

Tο πρωινό της 20ης Μαΐου 1941,  ξεκίνησε από τους Γερμανούς η επιχείρηση για την κατάληψη της Κρήτης με την ονομασία «Merkur» (Ερμής). Ίσως η πιο παράδοξη επιχείρηση του Β’ Παγκοσμίου πολέμου που βασίστηκε εξ ολοκλήρου σε δυνάμεις αέρος.

Επιχείρηση “Ερμής”

Στη μάχη για την κατάληψη της Κρήτης έλαβαν μέρος 1300 Γερμανικά αεροσκάφη όλων των τύπων.

Aviation Archaeology in Greece

Αξίζει να σημειωθεί ότι το 44% από το σύνολο των 10000 αλεξιπτωτιστών, σκοτώθηκαν στις πρώτες ημέρες της επιχείρησης. Ο Διοικητής του  ΧΙ Fliegerkorps (Γερμανικές αερομεταφερόμενες μονάδες) Αντιπτέραρχος Kurt Student (1890 –1978) παραδέχτηκε ότι η Κρήτη υπήρξε ο τάφος των Γερμανών Αλεξιπτωτιστών. Σαν προσωρινός διοικητής του νησιού, αμέσως μετά την παράδοση της Κρήτης στις 31 Μαΐου 1941, έδωσε διαταγή για βάναυσα αντίποινα εναντίον του ντόπιου πληθυσμού, με αποκορύφωμα την σφαγή στο Κοντοµαρί Χανίων όπου διαπράχτηκε η πρώτη µαζική εκτέλεση αµάχων στην κατεχόµενη Ευρώπη αλλά και για το ολοκαύτωμα της Κανδάνου Χανίων στις 2 Ιουνίου 1941.  

Κοντοµαρί Χανίων    Φωτογραφίες: Γερµανικό Οµοσπονδιακό Αρχείο

Κοντομάρι Χανίων

Στη διάρκεια της επιχείρησης οι απώλειες των Γερμανικών δυνάμεων ήταν μεγάλες. Σύμφωνα με τα βρετανικά αρχεία, κατεστράφησαν 220 αεροσκάφη ενώ 150 υπέστησαν σοβαρές ζημιές.

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Ο όρμος της Σούδας δέχτηκε ισχυρούς βομβαρδισμούς καθώς αποτελούσε τη βάση του συμμαχικού στόλου.

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Τα αντιαεροπορικά πυρά κατάφεραν να πλήξουν μεγάλο αριθμό Γερμανικών αεροπλάνων.

Aviation Archaeology in Greece  2Από ομάδα δυτών πληροφορηθήκαμε για εντοπισμό ενός Γερμανικού αεροσκάφους στον όρμο της Σούδας σε βάθος περίπου 40 μέτρων. Από ομάδα δυτών πραγματοποιήθηκε έρευνα πεδίου με σκοπό την αποτύπωση, καταγραφή και ταυτοποίηση του ναυαγίου. Λόγω της κατάστασης του αεροσκάφους και του συνόλου των οργανισμών που ζουν πάνω σε αυτό (βένθος) ήταν δύσκολο να βρεθεί ο αριθμός κατασκευής του αεροσκάφους -WerkNo, ώστε να είναι ακριβής η ταυτοποίηση του.

Aviation Archaeology in Greece  21

 

Μελετώντας τα Γερμανικά και Βρετανικά αρχεία καθώς και τις αναφορές που υπάρχουν στα βιβλία του Jochen Prien, εικάζουμε ότι το ναυάγιο του αεροσκάφους που βρίσκεται βυθισμένο στην Σούδα είναι ένα Messerschmitt Bf 109-Ε7 με αριθμό κατασκευής Werk Νο 4173 (12/39) και πιλότο τον Berthold Jung.

Το αεροσκάφος άνηκε στην 5/JG 77 με βάση τους Μολάους, Λακωνίας και μετέπειτα το Μάλεμε της Κρήτης.

Aviation Archaeology in Greece  17

Aviation Archaeology in Greece  5

Βίντεο με αποσπάσματα από την επίσκεψη μας στα Χανιά με αφορμή την καταγραφή του Messerschmitt Bf 109 

movie-camera

Crete Project 2014

Σύμφωνα με τα αρχεία, στις 20 Μαΐου 1941 το αεροπλάνο δέχτηκε αντιαεροπορικά πυρά με αποτέλεσμα να υποστεί ανεπανόρθωτες βλάβες (πιθανή απώλεια δεξιού ημιπτερυγίου) αναγκάζοντας τον πιλότο να εγκαταλείψει το αεροσκάφος και να συλληφθεί από τις συμμαχικές δυνάμεις.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 22

Berthold Jung, Oberstleutnant (Αντισμήναρχος)

Ο Berthold Jung, ήταν πιλότος του Γερμανικού Ναυτικού, ο οποίος πριν τον πόλεμο μετατέθηκε οικειοθελώς σε μοίρα καταδιωκτικών της Γερμανικής Αεροπορίας. Μετά την κατάρριψη του αεροσκάφους του στα Χανιά συνελήφθη από τους συμμάχους και μεταφέρθηκε σαν αιχμάλωτος πολέμου στη Αυστραλία μέχρι το 1947. Μετά την απελευθέρωση του επέστρεψε στην Στουτγάρδη όπου εργάστηκε σαν διερμηνέας. Μετέπειτα κατετάχθηκε στο μεταπολεμικά νεοσυσταθέν Γερμανικό Ναυτικό, φτάνοντας μέχρι τον βαθμό του Υποναύαρχου, ενώ μετά την αποστράτευσή του (1973) διετέλεσε Πρόεδρος του Γερμανικού Ερυθρού Σταυρού στο Κίελο. Έφυγε από τη ζωή το 1992.

Messerschmitt Bf 109

Ένα από τα καλύτερα καταδιωκτικά (καταδιωκτικά-ελαφριά βομβαρδιστικά) αεροσκάφη του 2ου παγκοσμίου πολέμου, που κατατάσσεται στη λίστα των πέντε πιο επιτυχημένων μαχητικών στην ιστορία της αεροπορίας.

Aviation Archaeology Greece26 Σχεδιάστηκε από τον Willy Messerschmitt και τον Robert Lusser και κατασκευάστηκε από την Bayerishe Flugzeugwerke μετέπειτα Messerschmitt AG (1938). Την περίοδο 1939-1945 παρήχθησαν περίπου 30.500 αεροσκάφη, αριθμός που αποτελεί το 47% της συνολικής Γερμανικής παραγωγής αεροσκαφών στην διάρκεια του Β’ Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου.

Messerschmitt  Bf109 αεροδρόμιο Μολάων Η πρώτη πτήση πραγματοποιήθηκε το 1935, (Messerschmitt Bf 109 prototype «V1» = Versuchsflugzeug 1 = πειραματικό αεροσκάφος 1). Στη διάρκεια του Β’ Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου το Bf 109 κατάφερε τις περισσότερες καταρρίψεις εχθρικών αεροσκαφών από κάθε άλλο αεροσκάφος.

Κατασκευάστηκαν συνολικά 12 σειρές παραγωγής (BF 109 A//B/C/D/E/F/G/H/K/T/Z) με διαφορετικούς επιμέρους εξοπλισμούς, θωρακίσεις, οπλικά συστήματα και αυτονομίες, προσαρμοσμένα στις ιδιαιτερότητες των επιμέρους θερέτρων του Β’ Παγκοσμίου Πολέμου.

Στην μάχη για την κατάληψη της Κρήτης έλαβαν μέρος 90 αεροσκάφη Bf109 Ε3-Ε7 σειράς, επονομαζόμενης «Emil».

Aviation Archaeology in Greece  1Ενδεικτικά, τα Bf 109 E7, σαν αυτό που βρίσκεται στον βυθό του όρμου της Σούδας έφεραν τον ακόλουθο οπλισμό:

  • 2 Χ Rheinmetall-Borsig 17 MG 7.92mm τοποθετημένα πάνω από το κάλυμμα του κινητήρα.
  •  2 Χ MG FF/Μ 20mm τοποθετημένα εντός των ημιπτερυγίων.
  •  1 X MG FF/Μ 20mm στην πλήμνη της έλικας (σε κάποιες σειρές)

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Aviation Archaeology in Greece  16

Messerschmitt Bf109 – Ε7  Χαρακτηριστικά αεροσκάφους

  • Τύπος: Μονομελές Καταδιωκτικό
  • Μήκος: 8.74 μ
  • Εκπέτασμα: 9.86 μ
  • Ύψος: 3.40 μ
  • Επιφάνεια πτέρυγας: 16.16 τ.μ
  • Βάρος: 2014 κιλά
  • Κινητήρας: 1× Daimler-Benz DB 601N υδρόψυκτος V12, 1.200 hp
  • Μέγιστη Ταχύτητα: 578 χλμ/ώρα στα 12,300 πόδια (3,749 μ)
  • Μέγιστο Επιχειρησιακό Ύψος: 36,500 πόδια (11,125 μ)
  • Αυτονομία: 600-850 χλμ ανάλογα με τον εξοπλισμό
Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στο λήμμα:
http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messerschmitt_Bf_109

Η υποστήριξη των καταδύσεων έγινε από το καταδυτικό κέντρο Chania Diving.           Στις καταδύσεις έλαβαν μέρος οι δύτες: Αρετή Κομηνού, Ηρακλής Ρούσης, Αλεβιζάκης Κωνσταντίνος, Τάσος Χατζηλιάδης, Δημήτρης Ξανθάκης, Νικόλας Γιαννουλάκης, Νίκος Καρατζάς.

Aviation Archaeology Crete team

Θα θέλαμε να ευχαριστήσουμε τους Νικόλα Γιαννουλάκη, Παναγιώτη Βαβίλη και Δημήτρη Κασιωτάκη για την πολύτιμη υποστήριξη και βοήθειά τους.

Βιβλιογραφία

  •  Jochen Prien Geschichte des Jagdgeschwaders 77
    Teil 1 X. Einsatz im Balkanfeldzug und bei der Besetzung Kretas
  • Air Borne Invasion of Crete  “The Battle of Crete, May 20 -June 1, 1941″, issued October 15, 1941.
  • Warplanes of the Luftwaffe Combat Aircraft of Hitler’s Luftwaffe 1939-1945 David Donald
  • ΓΕΣ/ΔΙΣ, Η Μάχη της Κρήτης, Αθήνα,1961